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Champagne-Ardenne

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Champagne-Ardenne
Flag of Champagne-Ardenne

Flag
Location of Champagne-Ardenne
CountryFrance
PrefectureChâlons-en-Champagne
Departments
Area
 • Total25,606 km2 (9,887 sq mi)
Population
(2012-01-01)
 • Total1,339,270
ISO 3166 codeFR-G
NUTS RegionFR2

Champagne-Ardenne (French pronunciation: ​[ʃɑ̃paɲ aʁdɛn]) is a former administrative region of France, located in the northeast of the country, bordering Belgium. Mostly corresponding to the historic province of Champagne, the region is known for its sparkling white wine of the same name.

The administrative region was formed in 1956, consisting of the four departments Aube, Ardennes, Haute-Marne, and Marne. On 1 January 2016, it merged with the neighboring regions of Alsace and Lorraine to form the new region Grand Est, thereby ceasing to exist as an independent entity.[1]

Its rivers, most of which flow west, include the Seine, the Marne, and the Aisne. The Meuse flows north.

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Transcription

Contents

Transportation

Highways

Rail

The rail network includes the Paris–Strasbourg line, which follows the Marne Valley and serves Épernay, Châlons-en-Champagne, and Vitry-le-François. The LGV Est TGV line also connecting Paris and Strasbourg opened in 2007 and serves Reims with a train station in the commune of Bezannes.

Water

The region's canals include the Canal latéral à la Marne and Marne-Rhine Canal, the latter connecting to the Marne at Vitry-le-François. These are petit gabarit canals.

Air

The Vatry International Airport, primarily dedicated to air freight, has a runway 3,650 m (11,980 ft) long. The airport is in a sparsely populated area just 150 km (93 mi) from Paris.

Economy

Vineyard in Champagne-Ardenne.
Vineyard in Champagne-Ardenne.
  • 61.4% of its land is dedicated to agriculture
  • 1st in France for the production of barley and alfalfa
  • 2nd in France for the production of beets, onions, and peas
  • 3rd in France for the production of tender wheat and rapeseed.
  • 282.37 km² of vineyards
  • Champagne sales in 2001: 263 million bottles (4% increase from 2000) of which 37.6% were exported.
  • 25% of French hosiery production
  • 3rd metallurgic region in France

Businesses

  • Verreries Mécaniques de Champagne
  • Produits Métallurgiques à Reims
  • Vallou

Food processing

Demographics

The population of Champagne-Ardenne has been in steady decrease since 1982 due to a rural exodus. With 1.3 million people and a density of 52/km², it is one of France's least populated regions. After a brief period of stabilization in the 1990s, the region's population is now among the fastest "dying" in Europe, with several municipalities losing people at a faster rate than a lot of Eastern European areas, especially in the Haute-Marne department. The region is among the oldest in France, has a weak fertility rate, and its immigrant population, while growing,[citation needed] is still minimal compared to the national average.

Major communities

City center, Troyes
City center, Troyes
Moulin de Valmy dans les champs
Moulin de Valmy dans les champs

See also

Coat of arms of the ancient county of Champagne.
Coat of arms of the ancient county of Champagne.

References

External links

This page was last edited on 5 January 2019, at 11:47
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