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Chambers Street station (IRT Broadway–Seventh Avenue Line)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

 Chambers Street
 "1" train"2" train"3" train
MTA NYC logo.svg New York City Subway station (rapid transit)
IRT Broadway-Seventh Chambers Street Southbound Platform.jpg
Southbound 3 train departing
Station statistics
AddressChambers Street & West Broadway
New York, NY 10013[1]
BoroughManhattan
LocaleFinancial District, Tribeca
Coordinates40°42′56″N 74°00′33″W / 40.715517°N 74.009233°W / 40.715517; -74.009233
DivisionA (IRT)[2]
Line   IRT Broadway–Seventh Avenue Line
Services   1 all times (all times)
   2 all times (all times)
   3 all except late nights (all except late nights)
TransitBus transport NYCT Bus: M20, M22[3]
StructureUnderground
Platforms2 island platforms
cross-platform interchange
Tracks4
Other information
OpenedJuly 1, 1918; 103 years ago (1918-07-01)
Station code327[4]
AccessibleThis station is compliant with the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 ADA-accessible
Opposite-
direction
transfer
Yes
Traffic
20195,941,546[5]Decrease 2.7%
Rank70 out of 424[5]
Services
Preceding station New York City Subway New York City Subway Following station
14th Street
2 all except late nights3 all except late nights
NYCS-bull-trans-2-Std.svg NYCS-bull-trans-3-Std.svg
Express
Park Place
2 all times3 all except late nights
Franklin Street
1 all times2 late nights
NYCS-bull-trans-1-Std.svg
Local
WTC Cortlandt
1 all times
Location
Track layout

Street map

Station service legend
Symbol Description
Stops all times except late nights Stops all times except late nights
Stops all times Stops all times
Stops late nights only Stops late nights only
Stops weekdays and weekday late nights Stops weekdays and weekday late nights
Stops weekdays only Stops weekdays only
Stops weekends only Stops weekends only

Chambers Street Subway Station (Dual System IRT)
MPSNew York City Subway System MPS
NRHP reference No.05000234[6]
Added to NRHPMarch 30, 2005

The Chambers Street station is an express station on the IRT Broadway–Seventh Avenue Line of the New York City Subway, located at the intersection of Chambers Street and West Broadway in Lower Manhattan. It is served by the 1 and 2 trains at all times, and by the 3 train at all times except late nights.

The station was built by the Interborough Rapid Transit Company (IRT) as part of the Dual Contracts with New York City, and opened on July 1, 1918. Its platforms were extended in the 1960s, and elevators were installed in the 2000s, making the station compliant with the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990.

History

Construction and opening

Plaque with the first building of Kings College (later Columbia University), which was located around the corner on Park Place
Plaque with the first building of Kings College (later Columbia University), which was located around the corner on Park Place

The Dual Contracts, which were signed on March 19, 1913, were contracts for the construction and/or rehabilitation and operation of rapid transit lines in the City of New York. The contracts were "dual" in that they were signed between the City and two separate private companies (the Interborough Rapid Transit Company and the Brooklyn Rapid Transit Company), all working together to make the construction of the Dual Contracts possible. The Dual Contracts promised the construction of several lines in Brooklyn. As part of Contract 4, the IRT agreed to build a branch of the original subway line south down Seventh Avenue, Varick Street, and West Broadway to serve the West Side of Manhattan.[7][8][9]

The construction of this line, in conjunction with the construction of the Lexington Avenue Line, would change the operations of the IRT system. Instead of having trains go via Broadway, turning onto 42nd Street, before finally turning onto Park Avenue, there would be two trunk lines connected by the 42nd Street Shuttle. The system would be changed from looking like a "Z" system on a map to an "H" system. One trunk would run via the new Lexington Avenue Line down Park Avenue, and the other trunk would run via the new Seventh Avenue Line up Broadway. In order for the line to continue down Varick Street and West Broadway, these streets needed to be widened, and two new streets were built, the Seventh Avenue Extension and the Varick Street Extension.[10] It was predicted that the subway extension would lead to the growth of the Lower West Side, and to neighborhoods such as Chelsea and Greenwich Village.[11][12]

Chambers Street opened as the line was extended south to South Ferry from 34th Street–Penn Station on July 1, 1918, and was served by a shuttle.[13] The new "H" system was implemented on August 1, 1918, joining the two halves of the Broadway–Seventh Avenue Line and sending all West Side trains south from Times Square.[14] An immediate result of the switch was the need to transfer using the 42nd Street Shuttle in order to retrace the original layout. The completion of the "H" system doubled the capacity of the IRT system.[11]

Later years

The city government took over the IRT's operations on June 12, 1940.[15][16] On August 9, 1964, the New York City Transit Authority (NYCTA) announced the letting of a $7.6 million contract to lengthen platforms at stations on the Broadway—Seventh Avenue Line from Rector Street to 34th Street–Penn Station, including Chambers Street, and stations from Central Park North–110th Street to 145th Street on the Lenox Avenue Line to allow express trains to be lengthened from nine-car trains to ten-car trains, and to lengthen locals from eight-car trains to ten-car trains. With the completion of this project, the NYCTA project to lengthen IRT stations to accommodate ten-car trains would be complete.[17]

The station was renovated between 2007 and 2009. Three elevators were installed in the station (two from platform level to the mezzanine and one from fare control to the streets) to make it accessible for people with disabilities under the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990.[18]

Station layout

G Street level Exit/entrance
M Mezzanine Fare control, station agent
Disabled access Elevator at northwest corner of Hudson and Chambers Streets
P
Platform level
Northbound local "1" train toward 242nd Street (Franklin Street)
Island platform Disabled access
Northbound express "2" train toward 241st Street (Franklin Street late nights, 14th Street other times)
"3" train toward 148th Street (14th Street)
Southbound express "2" train toward Flatbush Avenue (Park Place)
"3" train toward New Lots Avenue (Park Place)
Island platform Disabled access
Southbound local "1" train toward South Ferry (WTC Cortlandt)
Exit at Chambers Street and West Broadway
Exit at Chambers Street and West Broadway

This underground station has four tracks and two island platforms. The 1 and 2 trains stop here at all times, and the 3 train stops here at all times except late nights.[19][20][21] South of this station, the 2 and 3 trains curve sharply east and branch off to Park Place, Fulton Street, Wall Street, and then Brooklyn. The 1 train continues in a more direct southerly orientation towards its terminal, South Ferry.[22]

North of the station are diamond crossovers in both directions, allowing the 2 train to run local during late nights, switching over to the express tracks north of Chambers Street and then heading to Brooklyn.[22] These switches were also used after the September 11, 2001 attacks, when the South Ferry branch of the line was impassable, and the 1 train was routed to Brooklyn in place of the 3 train and all trains that stopped here were local in Manhattan.

Exits

The station's only exits are through the mezzanine above the center of the station. Street stairs lead to four of the five corners of the intersection of Chambers Street, Hudson Streets, and West Broadway. The only corner without a street stair is the wedge between Hudson Street and West Broadway on the intersection's northern side, where the James Bogardus Plaza is located. The southwest corner of the intersection has two stairs. There is an elevator located at the northwestern corner of Chambers and Hudson Streets.[23]

Lower Manhattan transit
 1  2  3  Chambers Street
Chambers Street  J  Z 
 A  C  (  E ) Chambers Street–WTC
City Hall  R  W 
 2  3  Park Place
Fulton Street  2  3  4  5  A  C  J  Z 
Rector Street  R  W 
 4  5  Wall Street
Wall Street  2  3 
 4  5  Bowling Green
Broad Street (  J  Z )

Nearby points of interest

References

  1. ^ "Borough of Manhattan, New York City". Government of New York City. Retrieved December 28, 2020.
  2. ^ "Glossary". Second Avenue Subway Supplemental Draft Environmental Impact Statement (SDEIS) (PDF). Vol. 1. Metropolitan Transportation Authority. March 4, 2003. pp. 1–2. Archived from the original (PDF) on February 26, 2021. Retrieved January 1, 2021.
  3. ^ "Manhattan Bus Map" (PDF). Metropolitan Transportation Authority. July 2019. Retrieved December 1, 2020.
  4. ^ "Station Developers' Information". Metropolitan Transportation Authority. Retrieved June 13, 2017.
  5. ^ "Facts and Figures: Annual Subway Ridership 2014–2019". Metropolitan Transportation Authority. 2020. Retrieved May 26, 2020.
  6. ^ "NPS Focus". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. Retrieved December 23, 2011.
  7. ^ New Subways For New York: The Dual System of Rapid Transit. New York State Public Service Commission. March 19, 1913. Retrieved February 16, 2015.
  8. ^ The Dual System of Rapid Transit. New York State Public Service Commission. September 1912. Retrieved May 30, 2017.
  9. ^ "Most Recent Map of the Dual Subway System Which Shows How Brooklyn Borough Is Favored In New Transit Lines". The Brooklyn Daily Eagle. September 9, 1917. p. 37. Retrieved August 23, 2016 – via Brooklyn Public Library; newspapers.com.
  10. ^ Engineering News-record. McGraw-Hill Publishing Company. 1916. p. 846.
  11. ^ a b Whitney, Travis H. (March 10, 1918). "The Seventh and Lexington Avenue Subways Will Revive Dormant Sections". The New York Times. p. 12. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved August 26, 2016.
  12. ^ "Public Service Commission Fixes July 15 For Opening of The New Seventh and Lexington Avenue Subway Lines". The New York Times. May 19, 1918. p. 32. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved November 6, 2016.
  13. ^ "Open New Subway to Regular Traffic". The New York Times. July 2, 1918. p. 11. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved November 6, 2016.
  14. ^ "Open New Subway Lines to Traffic; Called a Triumph". The New York Times. August 2, 1918. p. 1. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved April 21, 2020.
  15. ^ "City Transit Unity Is Now a Reality; Title to I.R.T. Lines Passes to Municipality, Ending 19-Year Campaign". The New York Times. June 13, 1940. ISSN 0362-4331. Archived from the original on January 7, 2022. Retrieved May 14, 2022.
  16. ^ "Transit Unification Completed As City Takes Over I. R. T. Lines: Systems Come Under Single Control After Efforts Begun in 1921; Mayor Is Jubilant at City Hall Ceremony Recalling 1904 Celebration". New York Herald Tribune. June 13, 1940. p. 25. ProQuest 1248134780.
  17. ^ "IRT Riders To Get More Train Room; $8.5 Million Is Allocated for Longer Stations and for 3 New Car Washers". The New York Times. August 10, 1964. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved January 4, 2021.
  18. ^ "2/3 Chambers Street Elevator Installation". Lower Manhattan Construction Command Center. Archived from the original on June 30, 2009. Retrieved June 27, 2009.
  19. ^ "1 Subway Timetable, Effective December 19, 2021". Metropolitan Transportation Authority. Retrieved February 3, 2022.
  20. ^ "2 Subway Timetable, Effective September 13, 2020". Metropolitan Transportation Authority. Retrieved December 9, 2020.
  21. ^ "3 Subway Timetable, Effective September 13, 2020". Metropolitan Transportation Authority. Retrieved December 9, 2020.
  22. ^ a b Dougherty, Peter (2006) [2002]. Tracks of the New York City Subway 2006 (3rd ed.). Dougherty. OCLC 49777633 – via Google Books.
  23. ^ a b c d e f "Chambers Street Neighborhood Map". mta.info. Metropolitan Transportation Authority. April 2018. Retrieved January 7, 2021.

Further reading

External links

This page was last edited on 24 May 2022, at 18:38
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