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Chamber of Deputies (Mexico)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Chamber of Deputies

Cámara de Diputados
LXV Legislature
Seal of the Chamber of Deputies
Type
Type
Term limits
Renewable once consecutively
History
FoundedOctober 4, 1824 (1824-10-04)
Leadership
Sergio Gutiérrez Luna (MORENA)
since September 1, 2021
Structure
Seats500
Mexico Chamber of Deputies 2021 Corrected
Political groups
Government (278)
  •   MORENA (202)
  •   PVEM (43)
  •   PT (33)
  • Opposition (222)

    Length of term
    3 years
    Elections
    Parallel voting
    300 Seats elected by first-past-the-post
    200 seats elected by largest remainder method
    [1]
    Last election
    June 6, 2021 (2021-06-06)
    Next election
    July 7, 2024<span style="display:none"> (<span class="bday dtstart published updated">2024-07-07</span>)</span>
    Meeting place
    Mexico Chamber of Deputies backdrop.jpg
    Chamber of Deputies
    San Lázaro Legislative Building
    Mexico City
    Mexico
    Website
    Official website
    Footnotes
    http://sitl.diputados.gob.mx/LXV_leg/info_diputados.php

    The Chamber of Deputies (Spanish: Cámara de Diputados, pronounced [ˈkamaɾa de dipuˈtados]) is the lower house of the Congress of the Union, the bicameral parliament of Mexico. The other chamber is the Senate. The structure and responsibilities of both chambers of Congress are defined in Articles 50 to 70 of the constitution.

    History

    Bicameral legislature, including the Chamber of Deputies, was established on October 4, 1824. Unicameral Congress was in place from September 7, 1857 to November 13, 1874.[2]

    After being drafted, one copy of the Declaration of Independence of the Mexican Empire was given to the Provisional Governmental Board, which was later put on display in the Chamber of Deputies until 1909, when fire destroyed the location.[3]

    Composition

    The Chamber of Deputies is composed of one federal representative (in Spanish: diputado federal) for every 200,000 citizens. The Chamber has 500 members, elected using the parallel voting system. Elections are every 3 years.

    Of these, 300 "majority deputies" are directly elected by plurality from single-member districts, the federal electoral districts (with each state divided into at least two districts). The remaining 200 "party deputies" are assigned through rules of proportional representation in 5 multi-state, 40-seat constituencies. These seats are not tied to districts; rather, they are allocated to parties based on each party's share of the national vote. The 200 party deputies are intended to counterbalance the sectional interests of the district-based representatives. Substitutes are elected at the same time as each deputy, so special elections are rare.

    From 1917 to 2015, deputies were barred from serving consecutive terms in accordance with the Constitution's ban on immediate re-election to the legislature. Thus, the Chamber of Deputies was one of the few legislative bodies in the world that was completely renewed at an election. However, this changed with the 2018 elections, and deputies are now permitted to run for re-election once consecutively. A deputy who has served two terms may serve again after sitting out one term. Congressional elections held halfway into the president's six-year mandate are known as mid-term elections.

    The current composition of the Chamber of Deputies is as follows:

    Party Single-member
    districts
    Proportional
    representation
    Total seats
    MRN 125 77 202
    PAN 73 40 113
    PRI 31 40 71
    PVEM 31 12 43
    PT 26 7 33
    MC 7 16 23
    PRD 7 8 15

    Last election

    2021

    Party District Proportional Total

    seats

    +/–
    Votes % Seats Votes % Seats
    MORENA–PT–PVEM 12,802,391 26.19 65 21,025,742 42.77 214 279
    PAN–PRI–PRD 12,575,879 25.73 63 19,477,887 39.62 153 216
    National Regeneration Movement 6,571,127 13.45 64 16,759,917 34.10 133 197 +8
    National Action Party 3,828,228 7.83 33 8,969,288 18.25 78 111 +28
    Institutional Revolutionary Party 2,715,123 5.56 11 8,715,899 17.73 58 69 +24
    Party of the Democratic Revolution 248,505 0.51 0 1,792,700 3.64 17 17 -4
    Ecologist Green Party 992,320 2.03 1 2,670,997 5.43 43 44 +28
    Citizens' Movement 3,430,507 7.02 7 3,449,982 7.02 18 25 -2
    Labor Party 538,832 1.10 0 1,594,828 3.24 38 38 -23
    Solidarity Encounter Party 1,345,858 2.75 0 1,352,544 2.75 0 0 -8
    Progressive Social Networks 865,215 1.77 0 868,515 1.77 0 0 0
    Force for Mexico 1,211,824 2.48 0 1,217,084 2.48 0 0 0
    Independents 44,311 0.09 0 44,311 0.09 0 0 0
    Invalid/blank votes 1,662,323 3.40
    Total 48,874,040 100 300 100 200 500 0
    Registered voters/turnout
    Source: INE

    a Of the 210 seats won by the MORENA-PT–PES alliance, 97 were taken by MORENA, 57 by the PT, and 56 by the PES

    b Of the 63 seats won by the PAN–PRD–MC alliance, 37 were taken by the PAN, 17 by the MC, and 9 by the PRD

    c Of the 13 seats won by the PRI–PVEM–PNA alliance, 6 were taken by the PRI, 5 by the PVEM, and 2 by the PNA

    Popular Vote - District
    MORENA
    13.44%
    PAN
    7.83%
    MC
    7.01%
    PRI
    5.55%
    PES
    2.75%
    PVEM
    2.03%
    RSP
    1.77%
    PT
    1.10%
    PRD
    0.50%
    Independents
    0.09%
    Popular Vote (alliances) - District
    JHH
    26.19%
    VPM
    25.73%
    Independents
    0.09%

    See also

    References

    1. ^ "Mexico: Democratization Through Electoral Reform". aceproject.org. Retrieved July 6, 2019.
    2. ^ [1]
    3. ^ "Celebra SEGOB los 187 años de la firma del acta de Independencia". Presidencia de la Republica. Retrieved March 24, 2014.

    External links

    This page was last edited on 8 January 2022, at 17:36
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