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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Challenge Cup
Current season or competition:
2021 Challenge Cup
Rugby league challenge cups.jpg
The women's, men's, and wheelchair Challenge Cup trophies
SportRugby league
Instituted1896
Inaugural season1896–97
CountryEngland England
Canada Canada
France France
Republic of Ireland Ireland
Scotland Scotland
Serbia Serbia
Wales Wales
Winners
Rhinoscolours.svg
Leeds Rhinos (14th title) (2020)
Most titles
Wigancolours.svg
Wigan (19 titles)
WebsiteChallenge Cup
Broadcast partnerSky Sports
BBC
Fox League
Related competitionSuper League
Championship
League 1
National Conference League

The Challenge Cup is a knockout rugby league cup competition organised by the Rugby Football League,[1] held annually since 1896, with the exception of 1915–1919 and 1939–1940, due to World War I and World War II respectively. It involves amateur, semi-professional and professional clubs.

The final of the Challenge Cup at Wembley Stadium, London, is one of the most prestigious matches in world rugby league[2] and is broadcast around the world. "Abide with Me", sung before the game, has become a rugby league anthem.

The current holders of the Challenge Cup are Leeds Rhinos, beating Salford Red Devils, 17–16 in the 2020 Final on 17 October 2020 at Wembley Stadium, winning the competition for the fourteenth time.

Wigan are the most successful club in the history of the competition, winning the Cup a record 19 times.

History

The clubs that formed the Northern Union had long been playing in local knock-out cup competitions under the auspices of the Rugby Football Union. The rugby union authorities refused to sanction a nationwide tournament, however, fearing that this would inevitably lead to professionalism. After the schism of 1895, the northern clubs were free to go ahead, and they started the Northern Rugby Football Union Challenge Cup. In 1896 Fattorini's of Bradford were commissioned to manufacture the Challenge Cup at a cost of just £60. Fattorini's also supplied three-guineas winners' medals then valued at thirty shillings (£1.50).

The first competition was held during the 1896–97 season (the second season of the new game), and 52 clubs entered to compete for the trophy. The first final was held at Headingley in Leeds, on 24 April 1897. Batley defeated St. Helens 10–3[3] in front of a crowd of 13,492 (see picture). The St Helens side did not play in a standardised team jersey.

The competition was later interrupted by the Great War, although it was held in 1915, when the season that had begun before the war was completed. It was then suspended until the end of hostilities. Initially, the final tie was held at one of the larger club grounds in the north, however, noting the excitement in Huddersfield that the town’s football team were playing at Wembley in the FA Cup Final and the increasing difficulty for any of the rugby league grounds to satisfy spectator demand to see the final tie, the rugby league authorities voted 13–10 to move to the recently built Wembley Stadium in London, aiming to emulate the FA Cup's success and to put the game on the national stage.[4]

The first final held at Wembley was in 1929 when Wigan beat Dewsbury 13–2 in front of a crowd of 41,500. At the start of the Second World War, rugby league suspended its season immediately, but the Challenge Cup took a single year’s break before restarting, on a limited basis and with the support of the authorities, as part of keeping up morale. The Challenge Cup finals, which took place in the game’s Northern heartland, got big crowds as the game raised money for prisoners of war and for Lord Beaverbrook’s armaments programme.

In 1946, the Lance Todd Trophy was introduced and awarded to the man of the match. The first winner was Billy Stott of Wakefield Trinity while the first winner of the trophy on the losing team was Frank Whitcombe of Bradford Northern in 1948. In itself, it is a prestigious trophy presented only at the Challenge Cup Final. The winner is selected by the members of the Rugby League Writers' Association present at the game and the trophy was presented at a celebratory dinner at the Willows, the home of Salford.

1954 saw the Challenge Cup final drawn and the replay set the record for a rugby league match attendance. The match was on 5 May and 102,569 was the official attendance at Odsal Stadium, although it is believed that up to 120,000 spectators were present to see Warrington defeat Halifax 8–4.

The first final that was played under limited tackle rules (Originally 4, later changed to 6) Was the 1967 final between Barrow and Featherstone Rovers.

Wigan became well known for their successes in the Challenge Cup competition, winning every Challenge Cup Final from 1988 to 1995.

Until the 1993–94 season there were very few amateur clubs included in the cup, typically two. For part of the 1980s, and the 1992–93 season the cup was solely for professional clubs. The competition was then opened up to large numbers of amateur clubs as part of a deal between the Rugby Football League and British Amateur Rugby League Association over bridging the gap between the professional and amateur leagues.

In 1997, a Challenge Cup Plate[clarification needed] took place for teams knocked out in the early rounds of the competition. The final took place at Wembley and was won by Hull Kingston Rovers who beat Hunslet 60–14.

The first final that featured use of the Video Referee, for try decisions, was the 1999 final between Leeds Rhinos and London Broncos, which saw the Broncos beaten by a record margin of 52–16 in a Challenge Cup Final.[2]

The 1999 Challenge Cup Final was also the last to be played at the old Wembley Stadium before the construction of the new Wembley Stadium began in 2003. During this time a variety of venues were used to hold the Final including Twickenham, Murrayfield and the Millennium Stadium. The Challenge Cup Final moved back into the new Wembley Stadium for the 2007 Final.

There was a belief that the Challenge Cup final taking place early in the season had led to a decline in the prestige of the cup,[5] so the timing of the competition was altered in 2005

On 26 August 2006 St. Helens scrum-half Sean Long became the first player in the history of the Challenge Cup to collect a third Lance Todd trophy following his man-of-the-match performance in the final against Huddersfield. His other Lance Todd trophy wins came in the 2001 and 2004 Challenge Cup Finals.

On 25 August 2018, Catalans Dragons became the first non-English team to win the Challenge Cup as they defeated Warrington Wolves 20-14 at Wembley.

Format

The modern Challenge Cup has eight rounds prior to the final. Teams are seeded, entering at different stages. The precise format has altered slightly from year to year, however the current format is as follows:

  • First round: Amateur teams from around the United Kingdom are invited to participate. Most of the teams are English and affiliated to BARLA. Also included are, or have been, the national champions of the Irish, Welsh and Scottish rugby leagues; teams representing the British Army, Royal Navy, Royal Air Force, the police, and student rugby league teams. Occasionally other teams have been invited such as the inclusion for 2019 of Serbian side Red Star Belgrade.[6]
  • Second round: The first round winners play again.
  • Third round: The League 1 clubs enter the draw with the winners from the second round.
  • Fourth round: The Championship teams enter the draw with the third round winners.
  • Fifth round: The bottom four Super League teams enter the draw with the fourth round winners.
  • Sixth round: The top eight Super League teams enter the draw with the eight fifth round winners.
  • Quarter finals: Last eight.
  • Semi finals: Played at neutral venue(s).
  • Final: Played at Wembley Stadium, on the Saturday of the August bank holiday weekend until 2019; will be played in July from 2020 onwards.[7]

Venues

Since 2007 the final has been held at Wembley Stadium
Since 2007 the final has been held at Wembley Stadium

During the first round right through to the quarter finals the cup is hosted at the stadium of the team who has been drawn at home. The semi finals are hosted at neutral venues so there is no advantage for the home team. In the event of a draw in the final a replay will be played at a neutral venue somewhere else. The final is played at Wembley traditionally and was first played there in 1928–29 season. Before, the final had been held in different neutral venues, including Leeds, Huddersfield, Manchester, Wigan, Salford and Rochdale. The first Challenge Cup final was held at Headingley, Leeds between Batley and St. Helens in front of a crowd of 13,492.

Trophy

NRFU Challenge Cup first presented 1896–97
NRFU Challenge Cup first presented 1896–97

The Challenge Cup trophy was designed by silversmiths Fattorini & Sons of Bradford in 1897.[4] The trophy stood 36 inches high manufactured of solid silver and stood on a black ebony base approximately 8 inches deep.

Tony Collins, the Rugby Football League's archivist, stated in 2007 that, "Fattorini's weren't given any particular commission, just told to come up with something prestigious".[4] The trophy cost £60.[4] The average wage in 1897 was around £2 per week which suggests an equivalent 2007 price of £16,000, although Collins says, "if you wanted something made of silver and with that level of craftsmanship these days, it would be far more expensive. In terms of its subsequent value, the RFL got a bargain."[4]

The trophy currently presented to the winners after the final is not the original which had to be withdrawn due to its delicate condition.[4] As well as the silver wearing thin, it had lost its fluted top and the players on each of the handles had been damaged.[4] The original Fattorini trophy was last presented at the 2001 Challenge Cup Final to St Helens captain Chris Joynt after his team had beaten Bradford.[8] The original trophy is now stored at the RFL's headquarters at Red Hall and only used for promotional appearances.[4]

The trophy used today was created by Jack Spencer (goldsmith) of Sheffield in 800 man-hours and is an almost exact replica of the Fattorini piece.[4][8] One improvement made with the new version is that the small shields displaying each winning team and captain are now the same size, whereas they had been getting smaller as space ran out on the original.[4] The new trophy's neck has been strengthened.[8] The second trophy was first presented to Wigan, winners of the 2002 Challenge Cup Final.[8]

The winners of the cup in looking after the trophy must "follow a certain code of practice," says Collins.[4] When not in a secure cabinet, the trophy must always be in the presence of someone.[4] When the trophy is taken out overnight, somebody must sleep in the same room and if taken in a car there must be two people in attendance.[4] Collins reveals that, "When it went down to France for some Catalans publicity photos, it even had its own seat on the plane."[4]

Awards

The Lance Todd Trophy, named in memory of Lance Todd, is awarded to the man-of-the-match in the Challenge Cup Final.[9] The winner is decided each year by those members of the Rugby League Writers' Association present at the match.[9]

The Trophy was first presented in 1946 to William "Billy" Stott of Wakefield Trinity.[9][10]

Sponsorship

The Challenge Cup has been sponsored since 1980, with the sponsor being able to determine the cup's sponsorship name. There have been eight sponsors with Betfred being the current sponsors.[11]

The official rugby ball supplier is Steeden.[12]

Period Sponsor Name
1980–1985 State Express State Express Challenge Cup
1985–2001 Silk Cut Silk Cut Challenge Cup
2002–2003 Kellogg's Nutrigrain Kellogg's Nutrigrain Challenge Cup
2004–2007 Powergen Powergen Challenge Cup
2008–2012 Leeds Met Carnegie Carnegie Challenge Cup
2013–2014 Tetley's Tetley's Challenge Cup
2015–2018 Ladbrokes Ladbrokes Challenge Cup
2019–2020 Coral Coral Challenge Cup
2021 Betfred Betfred Challenge Cup

Notable events in finals

The most tries scored in a final was 5 scored by Tom Briscoe (Leeds Rhinos v Hull KR in 2015), who also holds the record for most tries in total from one player (7 for Leeds, 2014 - 1, 2015 - 5, 2020 - 1) one ahead of Kevin Iro (6 for Wigan, 1988 – 2, 1989 – 2, 1990 – 2).

The first hat trick of tries in a final was scored by Robbie Paul for Bradford Bulls v St Helens in 1996. Three years later, Leroy Rivett scored 4 for Leeds Rhinos against London Broncos in 1999. Some players previously missed out on becoming the first to score a hat trick due to tries being disallowed, such as Martin Offiah (Wigan v Castleford in 1992), Tony Iro (Wigan v Halifax in 1988) & Kevin Iro (Wigan v Warrington in 1990).

Graham Rees scored the quickest Challenge Cup Final try after just 35 seconds for St Helens against Leeds in 1972.

The most famous final was the 1968 'Watersplash' game between Leeds and Wakefield Trinity. Due to a heavy thunderstorm both before and during the match, the pitch became totally waterlogged. In the final minute, with Leeds 11 - 7 in front, Wakefield winger Ken Hurst scored under the posts, and Don Fox (Who had already won the Lance Todd Trophy that day) had a match winning conversion to take in injury time. But due to the saturated pitch, he miskicked the ball, sending it wide of the posts. Despite a successful career for both club and country, Fox has always been remembered for that one infamous moment.

The first player to be sent off in a final was Syd Hynes, for Leeds against Leigh in 1971, for headbutting Alex Murphy. Hynes has always protested his innocence over the incident. Richard Eyers of Widnes was shown a red card for an off the ball elbow on Martin Offiah of Wigan in the 1993 final, and was banned for 6 games as a result.[13] Steve Hampson was the first player to be sin binned for 10 minutes, during the 1991 final for Wigan against St Helens.

Challenge Cup Finals

In total, 26 different clubs have won the Challenge Cup and 30 different teams have appeared in the final. Wigan Warriors hold the record for most wins with 19 and have appeared in 30 finals. In 2007, Catalans Dragons became the first non English team to reach the final but lost to St. Helens.

Year Winners Score Runner–up
1896–97
Batley colours.svg
Batley
10–3
Saintscolours.svg
St. Helens
1897–98
Batley colours.svg
Batley
7–0 Bradford F.C.
1898–99
Oldhamcolours.svg
Oldham
19–9
Hunsletcolours.svg
Hunslet
1899–1900
Swintoncolours.svg
Swinton
16–8
Redscolours.svg
Salford
1900–01
Batley colours.svg
Batley
6–0
Wolvescolours.svg
Warrington
1901–02 Broughton Rangers 25–0
Redscolours.svg
Salford
1902–03
Faxcolours.svg
Halifax
7–0
Redscolours.svg
Salford
1903–04
Faxcolours.svg
Halifax
8–3
Wolvescolours.svg
Warrington
1904–05
Wolvescolours.svg
Warrington
6–0
HKRcolours.svg
Hull Kingston Rovers
1905–06 Bradford F.C. 5–0
Redscolours.svg
Salford
1906–07
Wolvescolours.svg
Warrington
17–3
Oldhamcolours.svg
Oldham
1907–08
Hunsletcolours.svg
Hunslet
14–0
Hullcolours.svg
Hull F.C.
1908–09
Wcatscolours.svg
Wakefield Trinity
17–0
Hullcolours.svg
Hull F.C.
1909–10
Rhinoscolours.svg
Leeds
7–7
Hullcolours.svg
Hull F.C.
Replay
Rhinoscolours.svg
Leeds
26–12
Hullcolours.svg
Hull F.C.
1910–11 Broughton Rangers 4–0
Wigancolours.svg
Wigan
1911–12
Ramscolours.svg
Dewsbury
8–5
Oldhamcolours.svg
Oldham
1912–13
Giantscolours.svg
Huddersfield
9–5
Wolvescolours.svg
Warrington
1913–14
Hullcolours.svg
Hull F.C.
6–0
Wcatscolours.svg
Wakefield Trinity
1914–15
Giantscolours.svg
Huddersfield
37–3
Saintscolours.svg
St. Helens
1919–20
Giantscolours.svg
Huddersfield
21–10
Wigancolours.svg
Wigan
1920–21
Leigh colours.svg
Leigh
13–0
Faxcolours.svg
Halifax
1921–22
Rochdale colours.svg
Rochdale Hornets
10–9
Hullcolours.svg
Hull F.C.
1922–23
Rhinoscolours.svg
Leeds
28–3
Hullcolours.svg
Hull F.C.
1923–24
Wigancolours.svg
Wigan
21–4
Oldhamcolours.svg
Oldham
1924–25
Oldhamcolours.svg
Oldham
16–3
HKRcolours.svg
Hull Kingston Rovers
1925–26
Swintoncolours.svg
Swinton
9–3
Oldhamcolours.svg
Oldham
1926–27
Oldhamcolours.svg
Oldham
26–7
Swintoncolours.svg
Swinton
1927–28
Swintoncolours.svg
Swinton
5–3
Wolvescolours.svg
Warrington
1928–29
Wigancolours.svg
Wigan
13–2
Ramscolours.svg
Dewsbury
1929–30
Widnes colours.svg
Widnes
10–3
Saintscolours.svg
St. Helens
1930–31
Faxcolours.svg
Halifax
22–8
Balmain colours.svg
York
1931–32
Rhinoscolours.svg
Leeds
11–8
Swintoncolours.svg
Swinton
1932–33
Giantscolours.svg
Huddersfield
21–17
Wolvescolours.svg
Warrington
1933–34
Hunsletcolours.svg
Hunslet
11–5
Widnes colours.svg
Widnes
1934–35
Castleford colours.svg
Castleford
11–8
Giantscolours.svg
Huddersfield
1935–36
Rhinoscolours.svg
Leeds
18–2
Wolvescolours.svg
Warrington
1936–37
Widnes colours.svg
Widnes
18–5
Cougscolours.svg
Keighley
1937–38
Redscolours.svg
Salford
7–4
Barrowcolours.svg
Barrow
1938–39
Faxcolours.svg
Halifax
20–3
Redscolours.svg
Salford
1940–41
Rhinoscolours.svg
Leeds
19–2
Faxcolours.svg
Halifax
1941–42
Rhinoscolours.svg
Leeds
15–10
Faxcolours.svg
Halifax
1942–43
Ramscolours.svg
Dewsbury
16–15
Rhinoscolours.svg
Leeds
1943–44
Bullscolours.svg
Bradford Northern
8–3
Wigancolours.svg
Wigan
1944–45
Giantscolours.svg
Huddersfield
13–9
Bullscolours.svg
Bradford Northern
1945–46
Wcatscolours.svg
Wakefield Trinity
13–12
Wigancolours.svg
Wigan
1946–47
Bullscolours.svg
Bradford Northern
8–4
Rhinoscolours.svg
Leeds
1947–48
Wigancolours.svg
Wigan
8–3
Bullscolours.svg
Bradford Northern
1948–49
Bullscolours.svg
Bradford Northern
12–0
Faxcolours.svg
Halifax
1949–50
Wolvescolours.svg
Warrington
19–0
Widnes colours.svg
Widnes
1950–51
Wigancolours.svg
Wigan
10–0
Barrowcolours.svg
Barrow
1951–52
Workingtoncolours.svg
Workington Town
18–10
Fevcolours.svg
Featherstone Rovers
1952–53
Giantscolours.svg
Huddersfield
15–10
Saintscolours.svg
St. Helens
1953–54
Wolvescolours.svg
Warrington
4–4
Faxcolours.svg
Halifax
Replay
Wolvescolours.svg
Warrington
8–4
Faxcolours.svg
Halifax
1954–55
Barrowcolours.svg
Barrow
21–12
Workingtoncolours.svg
Workington Town
1955–56
Saintscolours.svg
St. Helens
13–2
Faxcolours.svg
Halifax
1956–57
Rhinoscolours.svg
Leeds
9–7
Barrowcolours.svg
Barrow
1957–58
Wigancolours.svg
Wigan
13–9
Workingtoncolours.svg
Workington Town
1958–59
Wigancolours.svg
Wigan
30–13
Hullcolours.svg
Hull F.C.
1959–60
Wcatscolours.svg
Wakefield Trinity
38–5
Hullcolours.svg
Hull F.C.
1960–61
Saintscolours.svg
St. Helens
12–6
Wigancolours.svg
Wigan
1961–62
Wcatscolours.svg
Wakefield Trinity
12–6
Giantscolours.svg
Huddersfield
1962–63
Wcatscolours.svg
Wakefield Trinity
25–10
Wigancolours.svg
Wigan
1963–64
Widnes colours.svg
Widnes
13–5
HKRcolours.svg
Hull Kingston Rovers
1964–65
Wigancolours.svg
Wigan
20–16
Hunsletcolours.svg
Hunslet
1965–66
Saintscolours.svg
St. Helens
21–2
Wigancolours.svg
Wigan
1966–67
Fevcolours.svg
Featherstone Rovers
17–12
Barrowcolours.svg
Barrow
1967–68
Rhinoscolours.svg
Leeds
11–10
Wcatscolours.svg
Wakefield Trinity
1968–69
Castleford colours.svg
Castleford
11–6
Redscolours.svg
Salford
1969–70
Castleford colours.svg
Castleford
7–2
Wigancolours.svg
Wigan
1970–71
Leigh colours.svg
Leigh
24–7
Rhinoscolours.svg
Leeds
1971–72
Saintscolours.svg
St. Helens
16–13
Rhinoscolours.svg
Leeds
1972–73
Fevcolours.svg
Featherstone Rovers
33–14
Bullscolours.svg
Bradford Northern
1973–74
Wolvescolours.svg
Warrington
24 –9
Fevcolours.svg
Featherstone Rovers
1974–75
Widnes colours.svg
Widnes
14–7
Wolvescolours.svg
Warrington
1975–76
Saintscolours.svg
St. Helens
20–5
Widnes colours.svg
Widnes
1976–77
Rhinoscolours.svg
Leeds
16–7
Widnes colours.svg
Widnes
1977–78
Rhinoscolours.svg
Leeds
14–12
Saintscolours.svg
St. Helens
1978–79
Widnes colours.svg
Widnes
12–3
Wcatscolours.svg
Wakefield Trinity
1979–80
HKRcolours.svg
Hull Kingston Rovers
10–5
Hullcolours.svg
Hull F.C.
1980–81
Widnes colours.svg
Widnes
18–9
HKRcolours.svg
Hull Kingston Rovers
1981–82
Hullcolours.svg
Hull F.C.
14–14
Widnes colours.svg
Widnes
Replay
Hullcolours.svg
Hull F.C.
18–9
Widnes colours.svg
Widnes
1982–83
Fevcolours.svg
Featherstone Rovers
14–12
Hullcolours.svg
Hull F.C.
1983–84
Widnes colours.svg
Widnes
19–6
Wigancolours.svg
Wigan
1984–85
Wigancolours.svg
Wigan
28–24
Hullcolours.svg
Hull F.C.
1985–86
Castleford colours.svg
Castleford
15–14
HKRcolours.svg
Hull Kingston Rovers
1986–87
Faxcolours.svg
Halifax
19–18
Saintscolours.svg
St. Helens
1987–88
Wigancolours.svg
Wigan
32–12
Faxcolours.svg
Halifax
1988–89
Wigancolours.svg
Wigan
27–0
Saintscolours.svg
St. Helens
1989–90
Wigancolours.svg
Wigan
36–14
Wolvescolours.svg
Warrington
1990–91
Wigancolours.svg
Wigan
13–8
Saintscolours.svg
St. Helens
1991–92
Wigancolours.svg
Wigan
28–12
Castleford colours.svg
Castleford
1992–93
Wigancolours.svg
Wigan
20–14
Widnes colours.svg
Widnes
1993–94
Wigancolours.svg
Wigan
26–16
Rhinoscolours.svg
Leeds
1994–95
Wigancolours.svg
Wigan
30–10
Rhinoscolours.svg
Leeds
1996
Saintscolours.svg
St. Helens
40–32
Bullscolours.svg
Bradford
1997
Saintscolours.svg
St. Helens
32–22
Bullscolours.svg
Bradford
1998
Sheffeagles colours.svg
Sheffield Eagles
17–8
Wigancolours.svg
Wigan
1999
Rhinoscolours.svg
Leeds
52– 16
Broncoscolours.png
London Broncos
2000
Bullscolours.svg
Bradford
24–18
Rhinoscolours.svg
Leeds
2001
Saintscolours.svg
St. Helens
13–6
Bullscolours.svg
Bradford
2002
Wigancolours.svg
Wigan
21–12
Saintscolours.svg
St. Helens
2003
Bullscolours.svg
Bradford
22–20
Rhinoscolours.svg
Leeds
2004
Saintscolours.svg
St. Helens
32–16
Wigancolours.svg
Wigan
2005
Hullcolours.svg
Hull F.C.
25–24
Rhinoscolours.svg
Leeds
2006
Saintscolours.svg
St. Helens
42–12
Giantscolours.svg
Huddersfield
2007
Saintscolours.svg
St. Helens
30–8
Catalanscolours.svg
Catalans Dragons
2008
Saintscolours.svg
St. Helens
28–16
Hullcolours.svg
Hull F.C.
2009
Wolvescolours.svg
Warrington
25–16
Giantscolours.svg
Huddersfield
2010
Wolvescolours.svg
Warrington
30–6
Rhinoscolours.svg
Leeds
2011
Wigancolours.svg
Wigan
28–18
Rhinoscolours.svg
Leeds
2012
Wolvescolours.svg
Warrington
35–18
Rhinoscolours.svg
Leeds
2013
Wigancolours.svg
Wigan
16–0
Hullcolours.svg
Hull F.C.
2014
Rhinoscolours.svg
Leeds
23–10
Castleford colours.svg
Castleford
2015
Rhinoscolours.svg
Leeds
50–0
HKRcolours.svg
Hull Kingston Rovers
2016
Hullcolours.svg
Hull F.C.
12–10
Wolvescolours.svg
Warrington
2017
Hullcolours.svg
Hull F.C.
18–14
Wigancolours.svg
Wigan
2018
Catalanscolours.svg
Catalans Dragons
20–14
Wolvescolours.svg
Warrington
2019
Wolvescolours.svg
Warrington
18–4
Saintscolours.svg
St. Helens
2020
Rhinoscolours.svg
Leeds
17–16
Redscolours.svg
Salford

Winners

Clubs ordered by number of wins, then by number of runners-up appearances, then by how recently they last won a final, then finally by how recently they last made a runners-up appearance. Only the aggregate winner/loser for the years during the Second World War has been counted.

Club Wins Last win Runners-up Last final lost Total finals
1
Wigancolours.svg
Wigan
19 2013 13 2017 32
2
Rhinoscolours.svg
Leeds
14 2020 12 2012 26
3
Saintscolours.svg
St. Helens
12 2008 10 2019 22
4
Wolvescolours.svg
Warrington
9 2019 10 2018 19
5
Widnes colours.svg
Widnes
7 1984 6 1993 13
6
Giantscolours.svg
Huddersfield
6 1953 4 2009 10
7
Hullcolours.svg
Hull
5 2017 12 2013 17
8
Faxcolours.svg
Halifax
5 1987 7 1988 12
9
Bullscolours.svg
Bradford
5 2003 6 2001 11
10
Wcatscolours.svg
Wakefield
5 1963 3 1979 8
11
Castleford colours.svg
Castleford
4 1986 2 2014 6
12
Oldhamcolours.svg
Oldham
3 1927 4 1926 7
13
Fevcolours.svg
Featherstone Rovers
3 1983 2 1974 5
13
Swintoncolours.svg
Swinton
3 1928 2 1932 5
15
Batley colours.svg
Batley
3 1901 0 3
16
Hunsletcolours.svg
Hunslet §
2 1934 2 1965 4
17
Ramscolours.svg
Dewsbury
2 1943 1 1929 3
18
Leigh colours.svg
Leigh
2 1971 0 2
18 Broughton Rangers 2 1911 0 2
20
Redscolours.svg
Salford
1 1938 7 2020 8
21
HKRcolours.svg
Hull Kingston Rovers
1 1980 6 2015 7
22
Barrowcolours.svg
Barrow
1 1955 4 1967 5
23
Workingtoncolours.svg
Workington Town
1 1952 2 1958 3
24
Catalanscolours.svg
Catalans Dragons
1 2018 1 2007 2
24 Bradford F.C. § 1 1906 1 1898 2
26
Sheffeagles colours.svg
Sheffield Eagles
1 1998 0 1
26
Rochdale colours.svg
Rochdale Hornets
1 1922 0 1
28
Broncoscolours.png
London Broncos
0 1 1999 1
28
Cougscolours.svg
Keighley
0 1 1937 1
28
Balmain colours.svg
York §
0 1 1931 1
  • GOLD Denotes current holders
  • § Denotes club now defunct

The Double

In Rugby League, the term 'the Double' is referring to the achievement of a club that wins the Super League (Rugby Football League Championship First Division before 1996) and Challenge Cup in the same season. To date, this has been achieved by ten different clubs.

Club Wins Winning Years
1
Wigancolours.svg
Wigan
7 1989–90, 1990–91, 1991–92, 1992–93, 1993–94, 1994–95, 2013
2
Saintscolours.svg
St. Helens
3 1965–66, 1996, 2006
3
Giantscolours.svg
Huddersfield
2 1912–13, 1914–15
4
Barrowcolours.svg
Broughton Rangers
1 1901–02
5
Faxcolours.svg
Halifax
1 1902–03
6
Hunsletcolours.svg
Hunslet
1 1907–08
7
Swintoncolours.svg
Swinton
1 1927–28
8
Wolvescolours.svg
Warrington
1 1953–54
9
Bullscolours.svg
Bradford
1 2003
10
Rhinoscolours.svg
Leeds
1 2015

The Treble

The Treble refers to the team who wins all three domestic honours on offer during the season; Grand Final, League Leaders' Shield and Challenge Cup. To date seven teams have won the treble, only Bradford, St. Helens and Leeds have won the treble in the Super League era.

Club Wins Winning years
1
Wigancolours.svg
Wigan
3 1991–92, 1993–94, 1994–95
2
Giantscolours.svg
Huddersfield
2 1912–13, 1914–15
3
Saintscolours.svg
St. Helens
2 1965–66, 2006
4
Hunsletcolours.svg
Hunslet
1 1907–08
5
Swintoncolours.svg
Swinton
1 1927–28
6
Bullscolours.svg
Bradford
1 2003
7
Rhinoscolours.svg
Leeds
1 2015

The Quadruple

The Quadruple refers to winning the Super League, League Leaders' Shield, Challenge Cup and World Club Challenge in one season.

Club Wins Winning years
1
Wigancolours.svg
Wigan
1 1994–95
2
Bullscolours.svg
Bradford
1 2003–04
3
Saintscolours.svg
St Helens
1 2006–07

All Four Cups

Winning all Four Cups referred to winning the RFL First Division Championship, Challenge Cup, County League and County Cup in one season.

Club Wins Winning years
1
Hunsletcolours.svg
Hunslet
1 1907–08
2
Giantscolours.svg
Huddersfield
1 1914–15
3
Swintoncolours.svg
Swinton
1 1927–28

Broadcast

The BBC first covered the final of this competition when Wigan beat Bradford Northern in 1948. At that time though the only TV transmitter was in London, so fans up North never got to see it. It was another four years before another final was covered when Workington Town beat Featherstone Rovers in 1952. The cup final was not broadcast on TV again until the 1958 final between Wigan and Workington Town since when it has been shown every year. The inception of Grandstand also saw coverage of earlier rounds start to be shown during the 1960s with ITV's World of Sport even showing games as well for a short period.

The BBC has been the predominant broadcaster, showing every final live since 1958 (except the 1982 Final Replay shown as highlights). Eddie Waring was the first commentator for BBC coverage. When he retired, commentary was covered by Ray French and he continues to work for the BBC albeit in semi-retirement, with his last Challenge Cup Final in 2008. From 2009, the present day main commentator is Dave Woods. He usually commentates with Brian Noble, Jonathan Davies, Iestyn Harris or Ian Millward. Nowadays, the BBC continues to broadcast the tournament with Clare Balding hosting from 2006 to 2012 until her move to Channel 4 Racing. Mark Chapman was secondary host in 2012 when Balding was unavailable for the cup and international matches, and previous hosts for the BBC are John Inverdale and Steve Rider. The current main hosts (2018) are Mark Chapman and Super League Show presenter Tanya Arnold.

Sky Sports currently have the rights for the early rounds with one match each round and two quarter finals; whilst BBC Sport show two sixth round matches, two quarter finals, both semi-finals and the final.

Duration Broadcaster
1958–2011 BBC Sport
2012–2016 BBC Sport (2 R6 matches, 2 Quarter finals, 2 Semi finals and Final only)
Sky Sports (1 R5 match, 1 R6 match, and 2 Quarter finals only)
2017–2020 BBC Sport

International

Country/ Region Broadcaster
 France beIn Sports
 New Zealand Sky Sport
Māori Television
 United States Fox Soccer Plus
 Brazil BandSports
 Russia NTV+
Balkans Sportklub
 Australia Fox League
 Canada Game TV and CBC Sports

See also

References

  1. ^ RFL. "About the Competition". Rugby Football League. Archived from the original on 3 April 2009. Retrieved 8 May 2009.
  2. ^ a b Demsteader, Christine (1 October 2000). "Rugby League's home from home". BBC Sport. UK: BBC. Retrieved 4 December 2009.
  3. ^ Baker, Andrew (20 August 1995). "100 years of rugby league: From the great divide to the Super era". Independent, The. Retrieved 25 September 2009.
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n Julian Shea (22 August 2007). "Rugby league's precious metal". BBC. Archived from the original on 17 August 2010. Retrieved 2009-07-23.
  5. ^ Kelner, Simon (4 May 1997). "Saints go shining through the hype". The Independent. UK. Retrieved 5 December 2009.
  6. ^ "Red Star Belgrade to join First Round draw for 2019 Challenge Cup". RFL. 6 December 2018. Retrieved 26 January 2019.
  7. ^ "Wembley: Rugby League Challenge Cup final to move from August to July in 2020". BBC Sport. 13 November 2018.
  8. ^ a b c d BBC (27 February 2004). "Profile: Challenge Cup Trophy". BBC Sport. Archived from the original on 17 August 2010. Retrieved 2010-08-16.
  9. ^ a b c RFL. "Lance Todd Trophy". Rugby Football League. Archived from the original on 1 May 2009. Retrieved 8 May 2009.
  10. ^ BBC Sport (26 August 2008). "Lance Todd Trophy winners". BBC. Retrieved 8 May 2009.
  11. ^ "Betfred up for the Cups". www.rugby-league.com. RFL. 4 February 2021. Retrieved 4 February 2021.
  12. ^ https://www.rugby-league.com/article/54111/steeden-become-official-match-ball-partner
  13. ^ "Rugby League: Elbow costly for Eyres: Forward's six-game ban for". The Independent. 7 May 1993. Retrieved 18 September 2020.

External links

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