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Chalbury Hillfort

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Chalbury Hillfort
Green Hill - geograph.org.uk - 831511.jpg
Viewed from Green Hill to the north
Shown within Dorset
LocationNear Bincombe, Dorset
grid reference SY 695 838
Coordinates50°39′13″N 2°25′56″W / 50.65361°N 2.43222°W / 50.65361; -2.43222
Altitude116 m (381 ft)
TypeHillfort
Area3.4 hectares (8.4 acres)
History
PeriodsBronze Age
Iron Age

Chalbury Hillfort is an Iron Age hillfort about 1 mile (1.6 km) south-east of the village of Bincombe in Dorset, England.

It is a Scheduled Ancient Monument.[1]

Location and description

The site is in a strategic position, 380 feet (116 m) above sea level; Weymouth Bay is about 1.5 miles (2.4 km) to the south. The hill is an outcrop of the Dorset Ridgeway.[2][3]

There is a single rampart in roughly a D-shape and an external ditch, enclosing about 3.4 hectares (8.4 acres). The rampart is about 0.3–1.0 metre (1 ft 0 in–3 ft 3 in) above the interior for most of its length, and about 6.5 metres (21 ft) above the external ditch. There is a gap entrance in the south-east.[4][3]

There are medieval strip lynchets surrounding the fort, and running into the rampart on the north side.[3][1]

There are many circular depressions within the enclosure, and at least 20 are probably contemporary storage pits. Around the perimeter are at least 30 platforms, which are thought to be huts. Also within the enclosure are two Bronze Age bowl barrows, 18.5–20 metres (61–66 ft) in diameter and about 1.7 metres (5.6 ft) high.[3][1]

There is an interior quarry ditch behind the rampart north of the entrance, from which material was used to construct the fort.[4][3]

The site was excavated by Miss M. Whitley in 1939. The rampart was found to have limestone revetments. Apart from a few finds of the late Bronze Age and the Romano-British period, most of the finds showed two phases of occupation in the Early Iron Age.[4][3]

See also

References

  1. ^ a b c Historic England. "Multi-period archaeological landscape centred on and including a slight univallate hillfort called Chalbury, two bowl barrows, part of a Bronze Age urnfield and a series of medieval strip fields (1002711)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 12 January 2018.
  2. ^ Prehistory of Sutton Poyntz Sutton Poyntz. Retrieved 12 January 2018.
  3. ^ a b c d e f 'Hill-Forts', in An Inventory of the Historical Monuments in Dorset, Volume 2, South east (London, 1970) pp483-501 British History Online. Retrieved 12 January 2018.
  4. ^ a b c Richard Wainwright. A Guide to the Prehistoric Remains in Britain. Volume 1: South and East. Constable, 1979. Page 110.
This page was last edited on 4 April 2019, at 01:01
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