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Châtillon, Hauts-de-Seine

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

The town hall of Châtillon
The town hall of Châtillon
Coat of arms of Châtillon
Coat of arms
Location (in red) within Paris inner suburbs
Location (in red) within Paris inner suburbs
Location of Châtillon
Châtillon is located in France
Location (in red) within Paris inner suburbs
Châtillon is located in Île-de-France (region)
Châtillon (Île-de-France (region))
Coordinates: 48°48′00″N 2°17′24″E / 48.8000°N 2.2900°E / 48.8000; 2.2900
IntercommunalityGrand Paris
 • Mayor (2020–2026) Nadège Azzaz[1]
2.92 km2 (1.13 sq mi)
 (Jan. 2018)[2]
 • Density13,000/km2 (33,000/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (CEST)
INSEE/Postal code
92020 /92320
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

Châtillon (French pronunciation: [ʃatijɔ̃] (About this soundlisten)) is a commune in the southwestern suburbs of Paris, France. It is located 7 km (4.3 mi) from the center of Paris.

The town was formerly named Châtillon-sous-Bagneux, and a relic of this denomination remains in at least one road sign in Vanves (located at the junction Boulevard du Lycée and Avenue Charles de Gaulle, and written as Châtillon s/ B).

The TGV trains are maintained at the "Établissement Industriel de Maintenance du TGV de Châtillon" (EIM TGV de Châtillon).


The name of the town is first documented in 1192 in the archives of St-Martin-des-Champs Priory in Medieval Latin as "Castellio" ("little castle"). It is not known where this castle was located. Two possible locations are the heights of Châtillon (to the southwest) or in the former market town on the manor. This manor was owned by the Abbey of Saint-Germain-des-Prés until 1600, when it was sold to Richard Tardieu. The small town grew slowly. During the 14th century a chapel dedicated to a Saint Eutropius was built and a parish established. In addition to agriculture, the exploitation of a rock quarry provided an economic basis for the town.[3]

In 1417, during the Armagnac–Burgundian Civil War, John the Fearless, Duke of Burgundy, camped at Châtillon for eight days while his army pillaged the surrounding villages before laying siege to Montlhéry.

From 1790 to 1795 Châtillon was a canton of the district of Bourg-de-l'Égalité.

In 1815 the British, who had crossed the Seine at Sèvres, occupied the heights of Châtillon and pillaged the village. The Tour des Anglais, located in southwest part of the town, was built on the ruins of a former tower that was part of the fortifications of the area, and was later used as a windmill. During that year a quick engagement between British and Prussian troops took place near the tower.

During the Siege of Paris, Châtillon was the site of two battles: the First Battle of Châtillon (17–19 September 1870) as the Prussian army invested Paris, and the Second Battle of Châtillon (13 October 1870), in which the II Bavarian Corps was driven from Châtillon, although ultimately the French were forced to retire in face of Prussian artillery.


Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
1793 1,065—    
1800 769−4.55%
1806 755−0.31%
1821 793+0.33%
1831 1,098+3.31%
1836 1,148+0.89%
1841 1,416+4.29%
1846 1,556+1.90%
1851 1,329−3.10%
1856 1,810+6.37%
1861 2,050+2.52%
1866 2,238+1.77%
1872 1,807−3.50%
1876 2,080+3.58%
1881 2,260+1.67%
1886 2,389+1.12%
1891 2,426+0.31%
1896 3,096+5.00%
YearPop.±% p.a.
1901 3,353+1.61%
1906 3,535+1.06%
1911 4,203+3.52%
1921 5,588+2.89%
1926 7,488+6.03%
1931 9,701+5.31%
1936 10,895+2.35%
1946 11,673+0.69%
1954 12,526+0.89%
1962 20,934+6.63%
1968 24,640+2.75%
1975 26,574+1.09%
1982 24,834−0.96%
1990 26,411+0.77%
1999 28,622+0.90%
2007 32,609+1.64%
2012 34,960+1.40%
2017 37,355+1.33%
Source: EHESS[4] and INSEE (1968-2017)[5]

Adjacent communes


Châtillon is served by Châtillon – Montrouge station on Paris Métro Line 13.

Châtillon enjoys a well connected bus service: from Paris, the 68 comes all the way from the Place de Clichy to the metro station. Buses 194, 195 and 295 all leave Porte d'Orléans and pass by the Châtillon – Montrouge metro station from where they continue mostly in different directions. The 162 running east and west of Châtillon can take you to the RER station in Meudon, or the shopping centre to the east. The 394 which passes by the market is ideal for Clamart, Vanves, and Issy-les-Moulineaux. If you need to get to Issy from the metro, then take the 126.

Twin towns – sister cities

Châtillon is twinned with:[6]

See also


  1. ^ "Répertoire national des élus: les maires"., Plateforme ouverte des données publiques françaises (in French). 2 December 2020. Retrieved 7 December 2020.
  2. ^ "Populations légales 2018". INSEE. 28 December 2020.
  3. ^ "Historique". Ville de Châtillon. Archived from the original on 7 March 2013.
  4. ^ Des villages de Cassini aux communes d'aujourd'hui: Commune data sheet Châtillon, EHESS. (in French)
  5. ^ Population en historique depuis 1968, INSEE
  6. ^ "Les villes jumelles". (in French). Châtillon. Retrieved 20 November 2019.

External links

This page was last edited on 31 March 2021, at 11:30
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