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Central Queensland

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Central Queensland is an ambiguous geographical division of Queensland (a state in Australia) that centres on the eastern coast, around the Tropic of Capricorn. Its major regional centre is Rockhampton. The region extends from the Capricorn Coast west to the Central Highlands at Emerald, north to the Mackay Regional Council southern boundary, and south to Gladstone. The region is also known as Capricornia. It is one of Australia's main coal exporting regions.

At the 2011 Australian Census the region recorded a total population from the six local government areas of 233,931.[1]

Industry

Gold processing plant at Mount Morgan, 1903
Gold processing plant at Mount Morgan, 1903

Economically, Central Queensland is an important centre of primary industries, particularly for food and fibre production.[2] Central Queensland includes the Bowen Basin which is rich in high quality coking coal, the Port of Gladstone produces 40% of the state's export earnings, the Fitzroy River is the second-largest river system in Australia and commands significant water resources such as Fairbairn Dam. Gladstone has a significant aluminium smelter.

Beef

Rockhampton is claimed to be the beef capital of Australia, a title which is disputed by Casino in New South Wales.[3] Beef production in the region is centered on Brigalow and speargrass land types.[4] There are three abattoirs in the region.[2] Every three years, Rockhampton holds the national Beef Australia exposition to celebrate the cattle industry as well as to facilitate trade opportunities for Australian beef producers.[5]

Mining

The Big Sapphire Ring, Sapphire, 2012
The Big Sapphire Ring, Sapphire, 2012

Central Queensland is one of the world's leading producers and exporters of black coal.[6] Ludwig Leichhardt was the first European to discover coal deposits in the region in 1845.[7] In the 2011-2012 financial year the region produced 40% of the state's total coal production.[8]

Coal is extracted from the Bowen Basin and transported to port facilities at Port of Gladstone via the Blackwater railway system or to both Hay Point and Abbot Point via the Goonyella railway line. Coal mining is expanding west into the Galilee Basin and requires an extension of the Goonyella line to transport coal to port. Many mines in the region, particularly those within the Fitzroy River basin, were severely impacted by flooding during the 2010–11 Queensland floods.[9]

Gold, silver, limestone, coal seam gas, magnesite and gemstones are also mined.[6] Sapphires were discovered here in 1875.[10] Gold was discovered in the Mount Morgan region around 1865. Mount Morgan Mine has since gone on to become one of Australia's richest mines.[11]

Purpose built mining towns in Central Queensland include Dysart, Middlemount, Moranbah, Mount Morgan and Moura. Three mining disaster have occurred at Moura since 1975, resulting in the loss of 36 lives.[12]

Citrus canker outbreak

In 2004, an orchard on Evergreen farm was the site of the first detection of citrus canker in Central Queensland. A significant part of the citrus growing industry was devastated when a total of 6,000 acres (24 km2) of crop had to be destroyed so the disease would not spread across the country.[13] In 2005 several fresh outbreaks were reported so the eradication expanded to include private backyard trees.[14] The outbreak's cause has not been fully explained despite a federal inquiry.[13] In 2009 authorities from the Government of Queensland declared the eradication program complete.

Protected areas

Carnarvon Gorge from Boolimba Bluff, 2010
Carnarvon Gorge from Boolimba Bluff, 2010
Mount Castletower and Lake Awoonga
Mount Castletower and Lake Awoonga

The region contain 33 national parks. Great Keppel Island has been an island tourist attraction since the 1960s. It and several other islands in the area are surrounded by coral reefs.[15] In the west of the region is Queensland's central highlands and the Carnarvon Gorge, which is protected within the Carnarvon National Park. Carnarvon Gorge features white sandstone cliffs, steep-sided gorges a diverse range of significant plant and animal species and many walking tracks.[16] Kroombit Tops National Park provides habitat for the endemic Kroombit tinker frog. Deepwater National Park is good place for turtle watching. From November to March three species of turtle lay their eggs on beaches protected within the park.[17]

Communities

For this purpose the area of Central Queensland was restricted to the areas encircled by the Dawson Highway between Gladstone and Springsure; the Gregory Highway between Springsure and Clermont, and the Peak Downs Highway between Clermont and enters North Queensland via Mackay - extended right to the eastern coastline.

Major cities in the region are Emerald, Gladstone and Rockhampton. Some communities on the Capricorn Coast include Byfield, Yeppoon, Great Keppel Island, Emu Park and Cawarral.

History

Gungabula (also known as Kongabula and Khungabula) is an Australian Aboriginal language of the headwaters of the Dawson River in Central Queensland. The language region includes areas within the local government area of Maranoa Region, particularly the towns of Charleville, Augathella and Blackall and as well as the Carnarvon Range.[18]

Wadja (also known as Wadjigu, Wadya, Wadjainngo, Mandalgu, and Wadjigun) is an Australian Aboriginal language in Central Queensland. The language region includes the local government areas of the Aboriginal Shire of Woorabinda and Central Highlands Region, including the Blackdown Tablelands. the Comet River, and the Expedition Range, and the towns of Woorabinda, Springsure and Rolleston.[19]

Yagalingu (also known as Jagalingu, Auanbura, Kokleburra, Owanburra, Kowanburra, Wagalbara, and Djagalingu) is an Australian Aboriginal language of Central Queensland. Its traditional language region was within the local government area of Isaac Region, from the headwaters of the Belyando River south to Avoca, north to Laglan, west to the Great Dividing Range, and east and south to Drummond Range.[20]

Yambina (also known as Jambina and Jambeena) is an Australian Aboriginal language of Central Queensland. Its traditional language region is the local government area of Central Highlands Region, including Peak Downs, Logan Creek, south to Avon Downs, east to Denham Range and Logan Downs, west to Elgin Downs and at Solferino.[21]

Yetimarala (also known as Jetimarala, Yetimaralla, and Bayali) is an Australian Aboriginal language of Central Queensland. Its traditional language region is within the local government areas of Central Highlands Region, on the Boomer Range and Broadsound Range and the Fitzroy River, Killarney Station, Mackenzie River and Isaac River.[22]

Education

Central Queensland University has a campus at Emerald, Gladstone and Rockhampton.

Library Service

The Central Highlands Regional Council operates the following library branches:[23]

See also

References

  1. ^ a b "Census data". 2011 Census of Population and Housing. Australian Bureau of Statistics. Retrieved 3 August 2014.
  2. ^ a b "An Overview of Food and Fibre Industries in Central Queensland" (PDF). Regional Development Australia. Retrieved 20 June 2014.[permanent dead link]
  3. ^ Paul Robinson, Elloise Farrow-Smith & Miranda Saunders (17 April 2014). "An ownership row has erupted over who holds Australia's Beef Capital title". ABC News. Australian Broadcasting Corporation. Retrieved 19 June 2014.
  4. ^ "The economics of beef in Central Queensland" (PDF). Department of Primary Industries and Fisheries. Retrieved 20 June 2014.
  5. ^ About Beef Australia, Beef Australia website. Accessed 10 December 2017.
  6. ^ a b "Central Queensland information and maps". Department of Natural Resources and Mines. The State of Queensland. 27 February 2014. Archived from the original on 4 July 2014. Retrieved 19 June 2014.
  7. ^ "Coal Mining in Blackwater". Blackwater International Coal Centre. Archived from the original on 29 July 2013. Retrieved 3 August 2014.
  8. ^ "Central Queensland Regional Plan". Department of Infrastructure, Local Government and Planning. 24 April 2015. Archived from the original on 7 May 2015. Retrieved 26 April 2015.
  9. ^ "Return to full production for flood affected mines in Central Queensland". Queensland Reconstruction Authority. Queensland Government. Retrieved 19 June 2014.
  10. ^ "History of the Sapphire Industry - Central Queensland". Australian Sapphire. Retrieved 19 June 2014.
  11. ^ "Mount Morgan Mine Site (entry 600751)". Queensland Heritage Register. Queensland Heritage Council. Retrieved 19 June 2014.
  12. ^ "Moura inquiries". The State of Queensland. Archived from the original on 21 March 2014. Retrieved 3 August 2014.
  13. ^ a b "Spot of Trouble". Landline. 29 March 2009.
  14. ^ "Citrus canker outbreak to impact on residents". ABC News Online. Australian Broadcasting Corporation. 7 September 2005. Retrieved 29 March 2008.[permanent dead link]
  15. ^ "About Keppel Bay Islands". Department of National Parks, Recreation, Sport and Racing. 6 January 2014. Retrieved 19 June 2014.
  16. ^ "About Carnarvon Gorge". Department of National Parks, Recreation, Sport and Racing. Retrieved 19 June 2014.
  17. ^ "Nature, culture and history". Department of National Parks, Recreation, Sport and Racing. Retrieved 19 June 2014.
  18. ^
    CC-BY-icon-80x15.png
    This Wikipedia article incorporates CC-BY-4.0 licensed text from: "Gungabula". Queensland Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander languages map. State Library of Queensland. Retrieved 28 January 2020.
  19. ^
    CC-BY-icon-80x15.png
    This Wikipedia article incorporates CC-BY-4.0 licensed text from: "Wadja". Queensland Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander languages map. State Library of Queensland. Retrieved 5 February 2020.
  20. ^
    CC-BY-icon-80x15.png
    This Wikipedia article incorporates CC-BY-4.0 licensed text from: "Yagalingu". Queensland Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander languages map. State Library of Queensland. Retrieved 30 January 2020.
  21. ^
    CC-BY-icon-80x15.png
    This Wikipedia article incorporates CC-BY-4.0 licensed text from: "Yambina". Queensland Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander languages map. State Library of Queensland. Retrieved 30 January 2020.
  22. ^
    CC-BY-icon-80x15.png
    This Wikipedia article incorporates CC-BY-4.0 licensed text from: "Yetimarala". Queensland Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander languages map. State Library of Queensland. Retrieved 30 January 2020.
  23. ^ "Central Highlands Regional Libraries Locations and Hours". Retrieved 1 May 2017.

External links

Media related to Central Queensland at Wikimedia Commons

This page was last edited on 22 June 2020, at 05:35
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