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Census in the Philippines

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Philippine census
A Philippine Statistics Authority (PSA) enumerator interviews a resident of Molino Homes II Subdivision.jpg
A census enumerator interviewing a resident of Dasmariñas in October 2020
FrequencyEvery five years
Inaugurated1877; 144 years ago (1877)
Most recent2020; 1 year ago
Next event2025; 4 years' time (2025)
Organized byPhilippine Statistics Authority (since 2015)

The Philippine census is a regularly occurring and official inventory of the human population and housing units in the Philippines. Since 1970, the population has been enumerated every five years.[a] Results from the censuses are used to allocate congressional seats and fund government programs.

The mid-year census is known as the Census of Population (POPCEN), while the decennial census is referred to as the Census of Population and Housing (CPH).

By virtue of Republic Act No. 10625, known as the Philippine Statistical Act of 2013, censuses in the Philippines are administered by the Philippine Statistics Authority (PSA) since the 2015 census.[1]


The first census in the Philippines in 1591, was based on tributes collected and yielded about 666,712 people in the islands. In 1799, Friar Manuel Buzeta estimated the population count as 1,502,574. However, the first official census in the Philippines was carried out by the Spanish government pursuant to a royal decree calling for the counting of persons living as of the midnight of December 31, 1877. Based on this census, the Philippines had a population of 5,567,685 as of the reference date.[2] This was followed by another censuses, the 1887 census that yielded a count of 5,984,727.[3]

The first census conducted by the U.S. military forces took place in 1903 to fulfill Public Act 467 which was approved by the United States Philippine Commission on October 6, 1902.[4]

A four-volume description of this census was on hand some years ago at the National Archives in San Bruno, California, but the volumes appear to have since been misplaced.[citation needed]


For years between the censuses, the PSA and its precursor agencies have been issuing estimates made using surveys and statistical systems.

Based on the 2020 Philippine census, the national population is 109,035,343 as of 1 May 2020. From 2015 to 2020, the population grew by 1.63% per year on the average.[5][6][7][8][9]

Year Population Change Most populated region Most populated city Notes Organized by
1877 5,567,685 First official census by the Spanish government; population excludes non-Christians Spanish colonial government
1887 6,984,727 Population excludes non-Christians
1903 7,635,426 Manila
First official census by the US government United States government
1918 10,314,310 Increase 2.03% Manila
1939 16,000,303 Increase 2.11% Manila
Only census of the Commonwealth of the Philippines
1948 19,234,182 Increase 2.07% Manila
First census of the independent Republic of the Philippines Bureau of the Census and Statistics
1960 27,087,685 Increase 2.89% Manila
1970 36,684,486 Increase 3.08% Manila
1975 42,070,660 Increase 2.79% Manila
National Census and Statistics Office
1980 48,098,460 Increase 2.71% Metro Manila
1985 No census was not held due to a political and economic crisis
1990 60,703,206 Increase 2.36% Metro Manila
Quezon City
1995 68,616,536 Increase 2.32% Metro Manila
Quezon City
National Statistics Office
2000 76,506,928 Increase 2.36% Metro Manila
Quezon City
2007 88,566,732 Increase 2.04% Metro Manila
Quezon City
The census was not taken in 2005 due to a reenacted budget that lasted until 2006
2010 92,337,852 Increase 1.53% Calabarzon
Quezon City
2015 100,981,437 Increase 1.72% Calabarzon
Quezon City
First census to record a population exceeding 100 million Philippine Statistics Authority
2020 109,035,343 Increase 1.63% Calabarzon
Quezon City


  1. ^ Except in 1985 and 2005, where the census in 2005 was moved to 2007.


  1. ^ "Republic Act  No. 10625". Retrieved August 7, 2017.
  2. ^ "Census of Population | Philippine Statistics Authority". Retrieved August 7, 2017.
  3. ^ Aurora E. Perez (1997). "The Population of The Philippines" (PDF).
  4. ^ "An act to provide for taking a census of the Philippine Islands". n.d. Retrieved April 8, 2011.
  5. ^ "Highlights of the Philippine Population  2015 Census of Population | Philippine Statistics Authority". Retrieved August 7, 2017.
  6. ^ Ordinario, Cai (April 17, 2008). "Population up to 88.57M in 2007". ABS-CBN News. Retrieved February 12, 2021.
  7. ^ [1] Manila Times Archived 2011-09-28 at the Wayback Machine
  8. ^ 2007 Census Results CD-ROM, DISDiv NSO, Manila
  9. ^ Retrieved July 23, 2021. Missing or empty |title= (help)

External links

This page was last edited on 16 September 2021, at 00:23
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