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Castlegate (York)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

View south-west along Castlegate
View south-west along Castlegate

Castlegate is a historic street in York, England which leads to York Castle.[1]

History

The street roughly follows the line of Roman road, which ran between the fortress of Eboracum and the River Ouse, and remains of residential Roman buildings have been found in excavations. A hoard from the Viking Jorvik period has also been found, while St Mary's Church, on the street's north-east side, appears to have pre-Conquest origins.[2][3]

In the Mediaeval period, it linked the city of York with the bailey of York Castle, although no references to it are known from before the 14th-century. In this period, its north-east side was dominated by St Mary's, and its south-west side by the York Franciscan Friary.[3]

In the Georgian period, the street was a desirable location to live, and the mansions of Fairfax House and Castlegate House were erected. Castlegate was shortened slightly in 1826, when the castle's prison was extended, and the street lost importance after 1881, when Clifford Street was constructed to its west, providing a more direct route out of the city.[2][3]

From 1913 until 1954, the headquarters of the Yorkshire Gazette were on Castlegate, while in 1921, the St George's Hall cinema opened, closing in 1959.[2] The street currently hosts a mixture of commercial and residential uses, including a small chocolate factory, and was pedestrianised in 2020.[4][5]

Layout and architecture

The street runs south-east, from the junction of Clifford Street, Coppergate, King Street and Nessgate; to its junction with Tower Street, at the Castle Car Park. Friargate leads off its south-west side, while there is access to the Coppergate Shopping Centre from its north-east side.[3]

Notable buildings on the north-east side include 1-5 Castlegate, built about 1730; 7 Castlegate, which is mid-18th century; 9-11 Castlegate, built in 1766; St Mary's Church; Fairfax House; and large 19th-century houses at 29 and 31 Castlegate. On the south-west side lie 12-16 Castlegate, built about 1730; 18 Castlegate, also early 18th-century; 22 Castlegate, built in the late-18th century but including part of the wall of the Franciscan Friary; and Castlegate House.[3]

Gallery

References

  1. ^ "Castlegate, York". Jorvik.co.uk. Jorvik. 30 January 2013. Retrieved 18 March 2020.
  2. ^ a b c A History of the County of York: the City of York. London: Victoria County History. 1961. Retrieved 7 August 2020.
  3. ^ a b c d e An Inventory of the Historical Monuments in City of York, Volume 5, Central. London: HMSO. 1981. Retrieved 7 August 2020.
  4. ^ Knowlson, Laura (29 March 2018). "New chocolate factory opens in York city centre". The Press. Retrieved 21 September 2020.
  5. ^ "Castlegate to be closed to cars". The Press. 30 June 2020. Retrieved 21 September 2020.

External links

This page was last edited on 30 September 2020, at 10:46
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