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Carlos Julio Arosemena Tola

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Carlos Julio Arosemena Tola
Arosemena tola cj.png
28th President of Ecuador
In office
September 16, 1947 – August 31, 1948
Vice PresidentJosé Rafael Bustamante
Preceded byMariano Suárez
Succeeded byGalo Plaza
Vice President of Ecuador
In office
September 16, 1947 – September 16, 1947
PresidentMariano Suárez
Preceded byMariano Suárez
Succeeded byJosé Rafael Bustamante
Personal details
Born(1888-04-12)April 12, 1888
Guayaquil, Ecuador
DiedFebruary 20, 1952(1952-02-20) (aged 63)
Guayaquil, Ecuador
Cause of deathStroke
NationalityEcuadorian
Spouse(s)
Laura Monroy Garaycoa (m. 1915)
Children7 including Carlos Julio Arosemena Monroy

Carlos Julio Arosemena Tola (12 April 1888 in Guayaquil – 20 February 1952) was President of Ecuador 16 September 1947 to 1 September 1948. He was also the father of future president Carlos Julio Arosemena Monroy.

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Transcription

Contents

Early life

Carlos Julio Arosemena Tola was born in Guayaquil on April 12, 1888. He was founder of the Discount Bank in Guayaquil in 1920, being its Manager until February 20, 1952. Principal Director of the Board of Charities of Guayaquil, President of LEA, Executive Director of the Guayas Road Committee.

Presidency

He assumed power during a political crisis, having been overthrown José María Velasco Ibarra by Carlos Mancheno, who did not exercise power for a long time due to pressure from the Military High Command, who favored the constitutional order, giving power to Mariano Suárez Veintimilla, be Vice President of Velasco Ibarra, who immediately convened an Extraordinary Congress to elect the new president and vice president, resulting constitutionally elected as vice president, but immediately assuming as Constitutional President, according to what the Constitution of the time ruled, by presenting his resignation Mariano Suárez immediately after his possession. José Rafael Bustamante was elected the same day as Vice President.

The president and vice president complemented each other: good judgment and balance were the strong of Arosemena Tola, convictions of freedom and natural talent were the strong of Bustamante. Both imposed the task of fostering openness to the international, adapting the economy to the post-war world situation and combating political cannibalism. The Government of Arosemena Tola was consistent with its bourgeois origin, with the cosmopolitan spirit of the upper class in Guayaquil and with the growing influence of the United States, the great Western winner in the Second War: Arosemena broke relations with the Soviet Union, signed the Charter of the Organization of American States and inaugurated the First Grand Colombian Economic Conference, whose final document, the Charter of Quito, was the antecedent of what would be called the Andean Pact.

Arosemena Tola promulgated on March 13, 1948 the Monetary Regime Law, a substitute for the Organic Law of the Central Bank. The new law put the Central Bank under the direction of the Monetary Board that should design the monetary, credit and exchange policy. He arranged for national production to support the currency and that gold reserves serve to determine the international parity of the sucre. This law, advised by the Triffin Mission of the International Monetary Fund, responded to the conditions of the post-war economy.

The task of combating cannibalism was put to the test in the presidential campaign that the Government prepared carefully. The Supreme Electoral Tribunal (TSE), autonomous with respect to the Ministry of Government, could already operate. The TSE worked well.

Personal life

On December 30, 1915 he married Laura Monroy Garaycoa , 1 a young woman ten years younger than him and who was a great-granddaughter of the independence hero Lorenzo de Garaycoa. 2 The couple have a long progeny, with seven children namely: 2 3

  • María Laura Arosemena Monroy. Married to Carlos Gangotena and Fernández Salvador , with offspring.
  • Leticia Arosemena Monroy. Married to Guillermo José Arosemena Coronel , with offspring.
  • María de Jesús Arosemena Monroy.
  • Carlos Julio Arosemena Monroy . Married to Gladys Peet Landin , with offspring.
  • Eduardo Arosemena Monroy. Married to Genoveva Gómez Lince , with offspring.
  • Gustavo Arosemena Monroy.
  • Beatriz Graciela Arosemena Monroy. Married to Juan José Orrantia González , with offspring.

His son Carlos Julio also became president of the Republic. While one of his nephews, Otto Arosemena Gómez , held the same position years later he married.

External links

Political offices
Preceded by
Mariano Suárez
President of Ecuador
1947–1948
Succeeded by
Galo Plaza
This page was last edited on 3 September 2019, at 11:09
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