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Carl Weinmüller

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Carl Weinmüller
Carl Weinmüller.jpg
Carl Weinmüller, engraving by David Weiss after a painting by Karl Mahnke, c. 1820
Carl Friedrich Clemens Weinmüller

(1764-11-08)8 November 1764
Died16 March 1828(1828-03-16) (aged 63)

Carl Friedrich Clemens Weinmüller (also Karl Weinmiller) (8 November 1764 – 16 March 1828)[1] was an operatic bass and theatre director. A bass with the imperial court opera in Vienna, he is known for performing Rocco in the premiere of Beethoven's Fidelio.


Born in Dillingen an der Donau, Weinmüller received first musical instruction in the church choir of his hometown.[1] He studied in Vienna.[1] In 1783, he joined a travelling troupe that played in Wiener Neustadt, St. Pölten, Burg Haimburg and other small towns.[1][2] In 1788, he moved to Ofen and Pest, where he was the first bass and the opera director.[1][2]

On 6 November 1796 he started with the Viennese imperial court opera, appearing as the pharmacist Stößel in Dittersdorf's Doktor und Apotheker [de]. He was then engaged permanently, together with his wife, by the imperial court opera.[2] He was soon regarded as one of the most important bass singers and also known for his considerable acting talent.[1] From July 1798 until his death, he also belonged to the Wiener Hofmusikkapelle [de].[2][3] He enjoyed performing as a concert singer as well, for example at the academies of Joseph Haydn. His voice ranged from D to f′ at the height of his career.[1]

In recognition of his numerous merits, Weinmüller received the citizens diploma of the City of Vienna in 1810.[1] Together with Ignaz Saal and Johann Michael Vogl, he was instrumental in making Beethoven revise his only opera, which had failed in the premiere.[1] Titled Fidelio in its third and final version, it was premiered on 23 May 1814 at the court theatre, with Weinmüller as Rocco.[1][2]

Weinmüller retired on 30 November 1821. His last residence was Ledererhof Nr. 337,[4] near the Altes Rathaus [de], where he died on March 1828 from "hardening of the liver" at age 63.[5]


Weinmüller's wife was Aloisia Weinmüller, née Moerisch (1761-1852), who worked at the Viennese court theatres from 1796 to 1798.[2]

Further reading


  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j Heinrich Welti 1896.
  2. ^ a b c d e f "Weinmüller, Carl". Carl-Maria von Weber /Gesamtausgane (in German). Retrieved 28 October 2019.
  3. ^ Köchel, Ludwig Ritter von (1869). Bassisten. Die Kaiserliche Hof-Musikkapelle in Wien von 1543 bis 1867 (in German). Vienna: Beck. p. 96. Retrieved 28 October 2019.
  4. ^ Bassisten. Hof- und Staats-Schematismus des österreichischen Kaiserthums (in German). Vienna: Aus der k. k. Hof- und Staats-Aerarial-Druckerey. 1827. p. 109. Retrieved 28 October 2019.
  5. ^ Wiener Zeitung, No. 70 dated 24 March 1828, p. 319 (online)

Cited sources

This page was last edited on 11 November 2019, at 07:56
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