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Carl Countryman

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Carl Countryman
Carl Countryman.jpg
Carl Countryman, 2004
Carl Countryman

(1946-08-19)August 19, 1946[1]
San Francisco, California, United States
DiedOctober 26, 2006(2006-10-26) (aged 60)
OccupationInventor, audio engineer

Carl Countryman was President and Chief Engineer of Countryman & Associates of Menlo Park, California. He died on October 20, 2006.

Countryman was most recognized for designing a number of complex and effective microphones for performance. He is best known for the E6 earset and Type 85 Direct Box. His work was nominated for the 2002 National Association of Music Merchants Technical Excellence & Creativity Awards.[2]

Countryman engineered a number of devices that enabled the multimedia and psychedelic art scenes of the 1960s and 1970s. Multimedia artist Tony Martin (artist) cited Countryman's custom electronics as key to his cybernetic feedback art in the 1960s. Countryman's electronics coupled photosensors, microphones, and other electronics in two briefcases Martin could use as he staged shows in different cities.[3] Martin cites Countryman's electronic innovations as crucial to his art.[3][4] In the early 1970s, his piano pickups enabled the Grateful Dead's Keith Godchaux to use Steinway and Yamaha grand pianos as part of their famous Wall of Sound.[5][6][7] The pickups worked similarly to condenser mics, allowing the musicians to produce "truly brilliant" sound compared to microphone amplification, according to Owsley Stanley.[8] The pickup technology used the piano string itself as part of the circuit.[9] The technology, developed for the Grateful Dead, became a part of many musical performers' rigs.[9] Other custom amplification included a clavichord pickup built for keyboardist Jim Lowe.[10]

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  1. ^ "CARL COUNTRYMAN California, Birth Record Index".
  2. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2013-09-15. Retrieved 2012-12-15. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link) CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  3. ^ a b Bernstein, David (July 2008). The San Francisco Tape Music Center: 1960s Counterculture and the Avant-Garde. University of California Press. pp. 158–159. ISBN 9780520256170.
  4. ^
  5. ^
  6. ^
  7. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2017-01-05. Retrieved 2014-09-01.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  8. ^ Jackson, Blair (2006). Grateful Dead Gear: The Band's Instruments, Sound Systems, and Recording Sessions from 1965-1995. San Francisco, CA: Backbeat Books. p. 112. ISBN 978-0-87930-893-3.
  9. ^ a b "Recording the Piano: A REP Forum" (PDF). Recording Engineer and Producer. 2 (2). March–April 1971. pp. 16–17.
  10. ^ Lowe, Jim (Jan 2010). "Letters". Keyboard. 36 (1). ProQuest 1366770.

External links

This page was last edited on 8 December 2019, at 09:55
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