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Career development

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Career Development refers to the process an individual may undergo to evolve their occupational status. It is the process of making decisions for long term learning, to align personal needs of physical or psychological fulfillment with career advancement opportunities.[1] Career Development can also refer to the total encompassment of an individual's work-related experiences, leading up to the occupational role they may hold.[2]

Career Development can occur on an individual basis or a corporate and organizational level.


In educational development, career development provides a person, often a student, focus for selecting a career or subject(s) to undertake in the future. Often educational institutions provide career counselors to assist students with their educational development.

In organizational development (or OD), the study of career development looks at:

  • how individuals manage their careers within and between organizations and,
  • how organizations structure the career progress of their members, it can also be tied into succession planning within most of the organizations.

In today's world, more employers are looking for ways to facilitate career development and encourage their employees to drive their own careers.

In personal development, career development is:

  • " ... the total constellation of psychological, sociological, educational, physical, economic, and chance factors that combine to influence the nature and significance of work in the total lifespan of any given individual."[3]
  • The evolution or development of a career – informed by (1) Experience within a specific field of interest (with career, job, or task specific skills as by-product) (2) Success at each stage of development, (3) educational attainment commensurate with each incremental stage, (4) Communications (the capacity to analytically reflect your suitability for a given job via cover letter, resume, and/or the interview process), and (5) understanding of career development as a navigable process. (Angelo J. Rivera)
  • "... the lifelong psychological and behavioral processes as well as contextual influences shaping one’s career over the life span. As such, career development involves the person’s creation of a career pattern, decision-making style, integration of life roles, values expression, and life-role self concepts."[4]

Career development plan

Career development plan is a process that supports the progress of an individual professional life. It helps customize the strategy to achieve career goals. It begins when the person realizes it is time to start looking for a job and supports the management of the professional's training, education, work, and leisure activities to achieve the desired professional future.

To develop a solid career development plan, the professional should follow a few necessary steps: Determine the professional field of interest, identify the career goals, evaluate current job position and opportunities, establish timelines, identify challenges and obstacles to reach these goals, write down the plan, assess and adapt it from time to time.

A career development plan can also be organized by a company, aiming to retain its best talents. The process is the same, but companies usually have their own method to prioritize the key employees to create the plan.[5]

Figures in career development

See also

References

  1. ^ Driver., and Cooper, Michael J., and Ivan T. (1988). International review of industrial and organizational psychology. Los Angeles, CA: University of South California. pp. 245–277. ISBN 0-471-91844-X.
  2. ^ McDonald., and Hite, Kimberly., and Linda (2016). Career development: a human resource development perspective. New York, New York: Oxfordshire, [England]: Routledge. pp. 3–4. ISBN 9781138786127.
  3. ^ Career Development: A Policy Statement of the National Career Development Association Board of Directors (Adopted March 16, 1993; revised 2003) PDF HTML Archived June 16, 2010, at the Wayback Machine
  4. ^ Herr, E.L., & Cramer, S. H. (1996). Career guidance and counseling through the lifespan: Systematic approaches. New York: HarperCollins) (Niles, S. G. & Harris-Bowlsbey, J (2002) Career Development Interventions in the 21st Century. Columbus, OH: Merrill Prentice Hall., p7
  5. ^ "Career Development Plan: Create Your Own in Seven Steps". Totempool. 2020-06-18. Retrieved 2020-09-01.
  6. ^ Pope, M. (2009). Jesse Buttrick Davis (1871-1955): Pioneer of vocational guidance in the schools. Career Development Quarterly, 57, 278-288.


This page was last edited on 24 November 2020, at 05:58
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