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Capture of Bougie (1555)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Capture of Bougie
Part of The Ottoman–Habsburg wars
Algiers and Bejaia by Piri Reis.jpg

Historic map of Algiers and Bougie by Piri Reis
Bougie (in present-day Algeria)
Result Regency of Algiers victory
Bougie under Ottoman rule
Ottoman Empire
Regency of Algiers
Flag of Kuku (West of Kabylia).png
Kingdom of Kuku[1]
Spain Spain
Commanders and leaders
Salah Rais
Ou l-Qadi [1]
Spain Luis Peralta
Spain Alonso Peralta
Andrea Doria (too late to help)
6,000 including a contingent of 3,000 Kabyles [2] 500–1000 men

The Capture of Bougie occurred in 1555 when Salah Rais, the Ottoman ruler of Algiers, took the city of Béjaïa from the Spaniards. The main fortification in Bougie was the Spanish presidio, occupied by about 100 men under first under Luis Peralta, and then his son Alonso Peralta.[3]

The city was captured by Salah Rais from his base of Algiers, at the head of several thousand men and a small fleet consisting in 2 galleys, a barque, and a French saëte ("flèche", or "arrow") requisitioned in Algiers.[3] Peralta had sent messages to Spain for help, and Andrea Doria prepared to leave with a fleet from Naples, but it was too late.[3]

The Spanish force was defeated, but Salah Rais promised that Alonso Peralta was allowed to leave unharmed with 40 men of his choice. The promise was violated by the Turks and Kabyles who captured the soldiers with the exception of don Alonso and Luis.[2] On the 28th of September the Algerians indefinitely occupied the city, took a rich booty and divided amongst themselves 600 slaves.[2] Don Alonso was severely criticized upon his return to Spain, and was beheaded in Valladolid on 4 May 1556.[3]

The capture of Bougie permitted the Ottomans to encircle the Spanish position at Goletta and that of their ally Ahmad Sultan in Tunis, as they now had strong bases in Béjaïa and Tripoli.[4]


  1. ^ a b Hugh Roberts, Berber Government: The Kabyle Polity in Pre-colonial Algeria , IB Tauris , 2014, p.  195
  2. ^ a b c p.81 Grammont, H. D. de (1887). Histoire d'Alger sous la domination turque (1515-1830) (in French). E. Leroux
  3. ^ a b c d The Mediterranean and the Mediterranean world in the age of Philip II Fernand Braudel p.933- [1]
  4. ^ The Last Great Muslim Empires H. J. Kissling,Bertold Spuler,F. R. C. Bagley p.128 [2]

This page was last edited on 22 June 2021, at 20:14
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