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Capital punishment in West Virginia

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Capital punishment is abolished in the U.S. State of West Virginia since 1965.

Prior to secession from the Confederacy and admission to the Union on June 20, 1863, West Virginia was a part of Virginia. 43 people were executed under Virginia's authority, 112 after statehood.

The first two people executed in the State of West Virginia were Daniel Grogan and Thomas Boice, both convicted of murder. After secession, no women have been executed in West Virginia. Hanging was an official method until 1949.

In 1949, West Virginia was the last state to adopt the electric chair as its only means of execution. The two first inmates electrocuted were Harry Burdette and Fred Painter. Then-State Delegate Robert Byrd was among the official witnesses during their executions.[1] Byrd recalled this event, stating "It's not a beautiful thing."[2]

Until 1959, 102 people were hanged, nine electrocuted and one hung in chains.[citation needed]

The last person executed by West Virginia was Elmer Brunner on April 3, 1959, for the robbery-murder of Ruby Miller committed with the claw-end of a hammer in Huntington.

No federal executions have taken place in West Virginia,[3] but two were sentenced to death in 2007, George Lecco and Valerie Friend, for the murder of a informant who was supplying federal law enforcement with information about the Leccos cocaine drug ring. [4] Those verdicts and sentences were overturned in 2009 due to juror misconduct,[5] and the retrials ended with life without parole and 35 years for Lecco and Friend respectively.[6][7]

Along with Iowa,[8] West Virginia became the final pre-Furman state to abolish capital punishment in 1965.[9]

See also

References

  1. ^ Time Trail, West Virginia, February 1998 Programs
  2. ^ Clarey, Brian (June 2, 2008). "Ten Best: Kennedy/Byrd moments". Yes! Weekly. Archived from the original on 2009-10-23. Retrieved August 20, 2009.
  3. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2003-04-13. Retrieved 2012-02-23.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  4. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2009-03-15. Retrieved 2008-10-14.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  5. ^ Anderson, Justin. "New trial in Mingo drug murder". The West Virginia Record. Retrieved 2 September 2012.
  6. ^ "Lecco Lives". WV Metro News. 5 March 2010. Archived from the original on 5 May 2010. Retrieved 2 September 2012.
  7. ^ "UPDATE: Mingo County Woman Sentenced in Slaying of Drug Informant". WSAZ. 27 July 2010. Retrieved 2 September 2012.
  8. ^ NCADP Affiliate: Iowans Against the Death Penalty Archived October 8, 2007, at the Wayback Machine
  9. ^ NCADP Affiliate: ACLU of West Virginia Archived October 10, 2007, at the Wayback Machine
This page was last edited on 16 December 2019, at 18:15
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