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Capital punishment in Illinois

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Capital punishment has been repealed in the U.S. state of Illinois since 2011.

Illinois used death by hanging as a form of execution until 1928. The last person executed by this method was the public execution of Charles Birger the same year. After being struck down by Furman v. Georgia in 1972, the death penalty was reinstated in Illinois on July 1, 1974 but voided by the Supreme Court of Illinois in 1975. Illinois officially reinstated the death penalty on July 1, 1977.

On September 8, 1983, the state adopted lethal injection as the default method of execution in Illinois, but the electric chair remained operational to replace lethal injection if needed.

In 1994, the state executed serial killer John Wayne Gacy, who sexually assaulted, tortured and murdered at least 33 teenage boys and young men between 1972 and 1978 in Cook County (a part of metropolitan Chicago). The last man executed in Illinois was the serial killer Andrew Kokoraleis in 1999.

On January 11, 2003 the Republican Governor George Ryan blanket commuted the sentences of all the 167 inmates condemned to death, and pardoned four of them, a gesture that his opponents attribute to the fact that he was rendered ineligible by his unpopularity and charged with conspiracy, racketeering and fraud.[1]

Democratic Governor Pat Quinn signed legislation on March 9, 2011 to abolish the death penalty in Illinois to go into effect July 1, 2011, and commuted the death sentences of the fifteen inmates on Illinois' death row to life imprisonment. Quinn was criticized for signing the bill after saying that he supported the death penalty during the 2010 gubernatorial campaign, after which he defeated the Republican candidate with 46.8% of the vote.[2]

In 2018, Governor Bruce Rauner called for the death penalty to be imposed on convicted cop killers.[3]

YouTube Encyclopedic

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  • ✪ The Illinois Death Penalty
  • ✪ Vanderbilt Law School Death Penalty Debate

Transcription

this is possibly the most morbid video that I have done and that is saying something because they did do a video about the st. Valentine's Day Massacre! I want to take a look at capital punishment and here in America the rules change state to state so specifically I want to focus on Illinois and the first known case of capital punishment in Illinois was in 1779 when a slave named Emmanuel was found guilty of poisoning and hung in Kaskaskia, Illinois. The first person to be hung in Chicago was that of John Stone in 1840 he was charged of the murder of Mrs Lucretia and it was a public execution which was held south of the city around 26th Street on the shoreline In Chicago the public hangings moved to what is now the University of Illinois Chicago on Ashland Avenue between Polk and Taylor in 1858 around 3,000 people gathered here to watch the public execution of Albert Staub, the Chicago Tribune mentioned the event was brutal to watch and called for executions to be a private affair which did happen the state of Illinois passed the law on February 18 1859 which allowed only certain people to attend executions which had to be held in the walled area of a prison. The hangings were moved to the courthouse which was on the block of Randolph, Clark, Washington and LaSalle that is the future location of all city halls in Chicago unfortunately this building was burned down in the great fire 1871 it's a good thing that the hangings became a private affair because the next criminal that went to the gallows had to be hung twice Micheal McNamee was charged with killing his wife and when they went to hanging the first time part of the noose actually broke so they had to walking back up the stairs again and hang him all over but this time there are a lot more successful there are about a hundred hangings in the area of Cook County and in 1929 they switched to the electric chair the first execution was of Charles Walz and Anthony Grecco for the killing of a Chicago police officer for the next 33 years there would be 67 inmates sentenced to death by the electric chair the last was James Dukes in 1962 who was also charged with the murder of a Chicago police officer in 1972 the William Henry Furman versus the state of Georgia went before the Supreme Court and ultimately it knocked down all death penalty schemes across America Illinois re-enacted its death penalty in 1974 and adopted the use of lethal injection for capital punishment twelve people were killed by this method in Illinois arguably the most famous of which was John Wayne Gacy the last person to be killed in Illinois under capital punishment was Andrew Kokoraleis who was part of the Ripper crew the death penalty was abolished in Illinois on July 1st 2011 in the end the state had executed 360 people

See also

References

  1. ^ "Moral Corruption in Illinois". The American Cause. January 25, 2003. Retrieved June 27, 2011.
  2. ^ "Illinois Governor Signs Capital Punishment Ban". nytimes.com. Retrieved June 24, 2017.
  3. ^ https://wqad.com/2018/09/27/rauner-doubles-down-on-call-to-reinstate-death-penalty/
This page was last edited on 16 March 2020, at 04:45
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