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Canadian order of precedence (decorations and medals)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

The following is the Canadian order of precedence for decorations and medals in the Canadian Honours System. Where applicable, post-nominal letters are indicated.

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  • Order of precedence
  • 29th January 1856: The Victoria Cross medal for valour introduced by Queen Victoria
  • Order of Canada
  • Korean War Veterans' Medals, National Defense NDSM, Korean Campaign Medal KSM, UN and ROK Medals.
  • 29th January 1856: Victoria Cross introduced by Queen Victoria


Awards of valour

Ribbon Honour Post-nominal letters
Victoria Cross VC
Cross of Valour CV

National orders

Ribbon Honour Post-nominal letters
Member of the Order of Merit OM
Companion of the Order of Canada CC
Officer of the Order of Canada OC
Member of the Order of Canada CM
Commander of the Order of Military Merit CMM
Commander of the Order of Merit of the Police Forces COM
Commander of the Royal Victorian Order CVO
Officer of the Order of Military Merit OMM
Officer of the Order of Merit of the Police Forces OOM
Lieutenant of the Royal Victorian Order LVO
Member of the Order of Military Merit MMM
Member of the Order of Merit of the Police Forces MOM
Member of the Royal Victorian Order MVO
Bailiff/Dame Grand Cross of the Order of St. John GCStJ[n 1]
Knight/Dame of the Order of St. John KStJ/DStJ[n 1]
Commander of the Order of St. John CStJ[n 1]
Officer of the Order of St. John OStJ[n 1]
Member of the Order of St. John MStJ[n 1]
  1. ^ a b c d e Postnominal letters for this order are only used within the order itself.

Provincial orders

Ribbon Honour Post-nominal letters
Grand Officer of the National Order of Quebec GOQ
Officer of the National Order of Quebec OQ
Knight of the National Order of Quebec CQ
Member of the Saskatchewan Order of Merit SOM
Member of the Order of Ontario OOnt
Member of the Order of British Columbia OBC
Member of the Alberta Order of Excellence AOE
Member of the Order of Prince Edward Island OPEI
Member of the Order of Manitoba OM
Member of the Order of New Brunswick ONB
Member of the Order of Nova Scotia ONS
Member of the Order of Newfoundland and Labrador ONL

Territorial orders

Ribbon Honour Post-nominal letters
Member of the Order of Nunavut ONu
Member of the Order of the Northwest Territories ONWT
Member of the Order of Yukon OY

National decorations

Ribbon Honour Post-nominal letters
Star of Military Valour SMV
Star of Courage SC
Meritorious Service Cross (military division) MSC
Meritorious Service Cross (civilian division) MSC
Medal of Military Valour MMV
Medal of Bravery MB
Meritorious Service Medal (military division) MSM
Meritorious Service Medal (civil division) MSM
Royal Victorian Medal RVM

National decorations not included in order of precedence

The Royal Victorian Chain a personal award of the monarch that is of high status, but does not confer on the recipient any title or post-nominal letters, nor is it included in the order-in-council setting out the order of precedence for the wear of honours, decorations, and medals.

Ribbon Honour Post-nominal letters
Royal Victorian Chain

National medals

Ribbon Honour
Sacrifice Medal

National medals not included in order of precedence

Certain national medals are recognized as a part of the Canadian honours system but are not included in the Order in Council that sets out the precedence of honours, decorations, and medals in Canada.

Ribbon Honour
Memorial Cross

War and operational service medals

Ribbon Honour
Korea Medal
Canadian Volunteer Service Medal for Korea
Gulf and Kuwait Medal
Somalia Medal
South-West Asia Service Medal
General Campaign Star
  • Allied Force
  • South-West Asia
  • Expedition
General Service Medal
  • Allied Force
  • South-West Asia
  • Expedition
Operational Service Medal
  • Expedition

Special service medals

Ribbon Honour
Special Service Medal with Bars[n 1]
  • Pakistan 1989-90
  • Alert
  • Peace/Paix
  • Humanitas
  • Ranger
  • Expedition
Canadian Peacekeeping Service Medal
  1. ^ Bars worn with first earned nearest the medal; when ribbon is worn, a silver, gold or red maple leaf is worn to show a 2nd, 3rd, 4th or subsequent bar.

United Nations medals

Ribbon Honour
Korea Medal
Emergency Force (Egypt and Sinai) Medal
Truce Supervision Organization in Palestine (UNTSO) and
United Nations Observation Group in Lebanon (UNOGIL)
Military Observer Group in India and Pakistan Medal
Congo Medal
Temporary Executive Authority in West New Guinea Medal
Yemen Observer Mission Medal
Cyprus Medal
India/Pakistan Observation Mission Medal
Emergency Force Middle East Medal
Disengagement Observer Force in Golan Heights Medal
Interim Force in Lebanon Medal
Military Observer Group in Iran and Iraq Medal
Transition Assistance Group in Namibia Medal
Observer Group in Central America Medal
Observer Mission in Iraq and Kuwait Medal
Angola Verification Mission Medal
Mission for the Referendum in Western Sahara Medal
Observer Mission in El Salvador Medal
Protection Force in Yugoslavia Medal
Advance Mission in Cambodia Medal
Transitional Authority in Cambodia Medal
Operation in Somalia Medal
Operation in Mozambique Medal
Observation Mission in Uganda and Rwanda Medal
Assistance Mission in Rwanda Medal
Mission in Haiti Medal
Verification of Human Rights and Compliance with the Comprehensive Agreement on Human Rights in Guatemala Medal
Verification Mission in the Central African Republic Medal
Preventive Deployment Force in Macedonia Medal
Mission in Bosnia and Herzegovina Medal
Observer Group in Prevlaka Medal
Interim Administration Mission in Kosovo Medal
Observer Mission in Sierra Leone Medal
Transitional Administration in East Timor Medal
Mission in the Democratic Republic of the Congo Medal
Mission in Ethiopia and Eritrea Medal
Stabilization Mission in Haiti
Operation in Côte d'Ivoire
Mission in Sudan
Integrated Mission in Timor-Leste
Hybrid Mission with the African Union in Darfur
Mission in South Sudan
Multidimensional Integrated Stabilization Mission in Mali
Special Service Medal
Headquarters Medal

United Nations medals not included in order of precedence

Certain United Nations medals are recognized as a part of the Canadian honours system but are not included in the Order in Council that sets out the precedence of honours, decorations, and medals in Canada.

Ribbon Honour
UN Good Offices Mission in Afghanistan & Pakistan

North Atlantic Treaty Organization medals

Ribbon Honour
Medal for Yugoslavia
Medal for Kosovo
Medal for Macedonia
Article 5 Medal for Operation Eagle Assist
Article 5 Medal for Operation Active Endeavour
Non-Article 5 Medal for the Balkans
Non-Article 5 Medal for ISAF
Non-Article 5 Medal for Pakistan
Non-Article 5 Medal for Training Mission in Iraq
Non-Article 5 Medal for Logistical Support in Sudan
Non-Article 5 Medal for Africa
Non-Article 5 Medal for Operation Unified Protector
Non-Article 5 Medal for Operation Sea Guardian

International mission medals

Ribbon Honour
International Commission for Supervision and Control Medal; Indo-China, 1954–1973
International Commission of Control and Supervision Medal; Vietnam, 1973
Multinational Force and Observers Medal; Sinai, 1982-
European Community Monitor Mission Medal; Yugoslavia, 1991-
International Force East Timor Medal; 1999-2000
European Security and Defence Policy Service Medals

Polar and Volunteer medals

Ribbon Honour
Polar Medal
Sovereign's Medal for Volunteers

Commemorative medals

Ribbon Honour
Canadian Centennial Medal
Queen Elizabeth II Silver Jubilee Medal
125th Anniversary of the Confederation of Canada Medal
Queen Elizabeth II Golden Jubilee Medal
Queen Elizabeth II Diamond Jubilee Medal

Long service and good conduct medals

Ribbon Honour Post-nominal letters
Royal Canadian Mounted Police Long Service Medal
Canadian Forces' Decoration CD

Exemplary service medals

Ribbon Honour
Police Exemplary Service Medal
Corrections Exemplary Service Medal
Fire Services Exemplary Service Medal
Canadian Coast Guard Exemplary Service Medal
Emergency Medical Services Exemplary Service Medal
Peace Officer Exemplary Service Medal

Special medals

Ribbon Honour
Queen's Medal for Champion Shot

Other decorations and medals

Ribbon Honour Post-nominal letters
Ontario Medal for Good Citizenship OMC
Ontario Medal for Police Bravery
Ontario Medal for Firefighters Bravery
Saskatchewan Volunteer Medal SVM
Ontario Provincial Police Long Service and Good Conduct Medal
Service Medal of the Most Venerable Order of the Hospital of St. John of Jerusalem
Commissionaires Long Service Medal
Newfoundland and Labrador Bravery Award
Newfoundland and Labrador Volunteer Service Medal
British Columbia Fire Services Bravery Medal
British Columbia Fire Services Long Service Medal
Commemorative Medal for the Centennial of Saskatchewan
Alberta Centennial Medal
Queen Elizabeth II Platinum Jubilee Medal[a]
  • Commonwealth orders (approved by the King-in-Council)
  • Commonwealth decorations (approved by the King-in-Council)
  • Commonwealth medals (approved by the King-in-Council)
  • Foreign orders (approved by the King-in-Council)
  • Foreign decorations (approved by King-in-Council)
  • Foreign medals (approved by the King-in-Council)

There are a number of honours and medals administered by provincial, territorial, and municipal governments, which are not on the list, such as the Order of Polaris, membership in which is awarded by the government of Yukon's Transportation Hall of Fame. This means that they are not part of the Canadian honours system and their insignia must be worn on the right side of the chest, similar to organizational medals granted by the Royal Canadian Legion or the Canadian Cadet Organizations.

British awards granted prior to 1 June 1972

Any person who, prior to June 1, 1972, was a member of a British order or the recipient of a British decoration or medal may wear the insignia of the decoration or medal together with the insignia of any Canadian order, decoration or medal that the person is entitled to wear, the proper sequence being the following:

Orders and decorations

(post-nominal letters only for internal use by the Order of St John)

War and operational service medals

Special service medals

Order of Precedence as set out above in current precedence

United nations medals

Order of Precedence as set out above in current precedence

International Commission and Organizational medals

Order of Precedence as set out above in current precedence

Polar medals

The order of precedence is the date on which they are awarded.

Commemorative medals

Long service and good conduct medals

Exemplary service medals

Order of Precedence as set out above in current precedence

Special medal

Other decorations and medals

Order of Precedence as set out above in current precedence

Note—Canadians can still be awarded British Medals as well as Medals from other countries but they must first be approved by the Government of Canada. (See Nickle Resolution) These items are worn at the end of the current order of precedence, and one receiving a British Order, Decoration or Medal after 1 June 1972 will abide by the normal order of precedence, not the one catered to pre-1972 awardings.

See also


  1. ^ The lieutenant governors-in-council of six provinces created commemorative medals for the Platinum Jubilee of Elizabeth II. These medals were added to the order of precedence on November 3, 2022 by an Order-in-Council, ranking below the Alberta Centennial Medal.[1]



  • Elizabeth II (29 June 1988), Canadian Orders, Decorations and Medals Directive, 1998, Ottawa: Queen's Printer for Canada, archived from the original on 22 January 2010, retrieved 2 December 2009
  • Department of National Defence, Sequence for Wearing Orders, Decorations and Medals (PDF), Ottawa: Queen's Printer for Canada, retrieved 14 November 2014
  • Office of the Governor General of Canada, Wearing of Orders, Decorations and Medals (PDF), Ottawa: Queen's Printer for Canada, archived from the original (PDF) on 2007-12-02, retrieved 3 December 2009
  • P.C. 2002-1192 dates 3 Nov 2022

External links

This page was last edited on 19 July 2023, at 16:03
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