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Canadian online media

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Canadian online media is content aimed at a Canadian audience through the medium of the Internet. Presently, online media can be accessed by computers, smart-phones, gaming consoles, Smart TVs, MP3 players, and tablets. The characteristics of Canadian online media are strongly shaped by the Canadian communications industry, even though their statistics and findings are more often than not associated with American research. Large media companies are increasingly on the move to start up online platforms for news and television content. The exponential growth of Canadians' dependency on online content for entertainment and information has been evident in the recent decades. However, it has proven slow for Canadian online media to catch up with the constant increase of American online media. Regardless of medium, entertainment and information hubs are not solely focusing on satisfying the audience they have, but are also heavily expanding their reach to new global audiences.

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  • Unboxing Canada's BIGGEST Supercomputer!
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Transcription

Behind me right now is the biggest supercomputer in the country! It will be serving researchers across Canada studying the human genome and bioinformatics, particle physics, materials research even humanity's research! It's called Cedar, It costed the federal government through the Canadian Foundation for Innovation over 16 million dollars, and we get to be the first to unbox this beast! Savage Jerky is created without the use of nitrates or preservatives. Use offer code LTT to save 10% at the link in the video description. So Cedar is a big data machine! It takes up a quarter of the 5000 square foot datacenter it occupies, meaning actually that there's room for it to grow, but right now it has 27,000 Intel Xeon processing cores, 190 terabytes of RAM, 64 petabytes of storage 584 GPUs and a total power draw of 560 thousand watts! Though, with that said, its efficiency is a shocking 1.07 on the PUE scale, where 1 would be perfect and a typical data center would be 1.5 to 2. We'll get into how they did that a little bit later though. So our tour starts right here. Behind me are what they call the "high availability racks". So everything back there has dual power supplies for redundancy with a battery backup for that, and a diesel generator, backing up that. Everything back here is mission-critical. Things like networking, login servers and management servers are all here, and this is also where you'll find the bulk of Cedar's storage. Let's get in for a closer look at Cedar's connection to the outside world. This networking appliance from Huawei has a street price of around a million dollars! Woah! And right here, this is where it gets really bananas. These guys are Cedar's dual 100 gigabit connections through Vancouver, And then as if that wasn't enough, these orange ones here are dual 40 gigabit connections, through nearby Surrey, just in case somebody puts a backhoe through one of these other fiber lines and they would have otherwise lost their Internet connectivity. I mean... that's their backup! Backup! But Ethernet is not really the way you want to connect high-performance computing nodes. This. This right here is the true networking heart of Cedar. These are 48 port omni-path switches, and they're configured in what's called an "island topology". So the island is in almost all cases 32 compute nodes. Each of those compute nodes is connected to 32 ports on one of these switches in its rack. Then, the remaining 16 ports come back to here. That means that every island gets a dedicated line to each of the core switches, giving you failover and massive bandwith. Each one of these fiber links right here is capable of 100 gigabit per second. So even though between islands, we are - let's say - bottlenecked by our 16 connections. That's only half the total theoretical speed within an island, we're still talking about a hundred gigabyte per second. So it's not really an issue. OK, now let's move on to SFU and Compute Canada's version of Petabyte Project. Spoiler alert: theirs is better in every conceivable way! So in the five cabinets behind me, we've got Cedar's 50 petabyte IBM tape library system. They have a 40 gigabit link to the rest of the supercomputer, and each of the five thousand, ten terabyte magnetic tapes inside can be grabbed out of storage, moved with like a robotic arm into a reader and the data can be accessed when needed and this is done automatically. Cool, right? Okay, yeah, but due to the slowness of that swapping process, this is still what we would consider to be cold or archival storage. Next up here is general purpose storage land, where any data that's being used for any current research project would be housed. So here, they're using off-the-shelf 5U racks, each of which contains-let's see if we can crack one open here-a total of two kind of trays here, and 84 8 terabytes of -let's have a look here- enterprise capacity SAS drives from Seagate. But there's actually more to this system than meets the eye. Every 4 of these storage nodes requires 2 nodes of what they're calling "object storage servers". These act as a high-speed cache with their SAS 10,000 RPM drives as well as as kind of like a... ..."a traffic cop" for everything behind it. So every single read or write to these hard drives actually goes through these nodes. So right now, general storage land is 10 petabytes, but in the near to mid future, it will be expanding to 20. Twenty! Now that DIY approach to storage is great for scaling up at a low cost. But when it comes to performance, they went for this Data Direct Network storage appliance, because it has got the real goods. Now in the rack next to this brain, you'll find a mere four petabytes of actual storage due to its higher cost. But thanks to its proprietary hardware, custom software, and solid-state burst buffers, this thing can handle up to 40 gigabytes per second of sustained throughput, making it perfect for data intensive applications that rely on humongous data sets. Now let's get into compute. There are about half a dozen different types of compute nodes all connected to the same high speed on these half network backbone that are optimized for different types of research. We'll begin with the base compute node. A very whopping 576 of these each of these is a computer, so there's actually four in a single 2U shell each of which contains: 2 Xeon E5 2683 16 core processors, 128 gigs of RAM and about a Terabyte of raid 0 SSD storage for scratch. So, each rack here contains two islands, so that's a total of 64 compute node giving us a whopping 2048 compute units per rack. So these nodes are the basic workhorse of Cedar, handling everything, from Monte Carlo simulations for material science, to simulating dynamic processes in nature with a high degree of randomness, like snowfall or rainfall. They would also be used in any highly parallelized workload because, if you need - you know - 10,000 CPU cores for one job, there aren't enough cores in any other class of servers to handle that kind of load. Moving right on up. We've got the big memory nodes. There are 48 of these and half of them are just like the basic node except with 512 gigs of Ram, while the other half of them, these puppies, have one and a half terabytes of system memory. These ones take up twice as much rack space though, each of these one use is a single dual socket system. Because... you know what? There just wasn't enough gosh darned room for all 24 64 gig memory modules that are required for that much RAM. First world problem? Yes. These guys are really special. These are the aptly named "three terabyte nodes" There are only a handful of them, but these are quad socket machines with Xeon 4809-v4. Four of them! But wait a tick! Those are only 8 core processors! These don't even have more processing cores, then those little tiny ones that take half a U. What's the deal here? Well, it turns out that some vital informatics workloads, like genome sequencing, don't actually scale very well with more processors. They just need massive amounts of memory to hold the datasets that they need to work on. So, while the team here probably isn't super stoved on using up 4Us, just so they can stuff more memory into the system, until Intel Optane reaches a higher level of maturity, this is the only choice they have. Now finally we're getting to my favorite nodes, the most expensive nodes. These are the GPU nodes... and while they're actually quite similar to the base nodes, with respect to their CPU and RAM configurations, what's got the researchers in the fields of molecular dynamics, AI and machine learning all amped up about these, are the quad Nvidia Tesla P100 graphics cards that they have crammed into each one. I mean, seriously! With 1500 watts of power being consumed by each one of these is it an engineering marvel that they've crammed enough power and cooling to make this whole thing work. So, actually, now that you think about it. How exactly did they do that? So the key knight among you might have already caught a couple of hints earlier in this video But the secret lies in the rear doors on the server racks. Look how thick this is. Yes, my friends this entire door is a gigantic heat exchanger, so their servers don't actually have water blocks. That would be more expensive. What they're doing is they've just got the front of the rack all sealed up, so there's no back draft pressure And they've got normal air-cooled servers, that pass the air from the front, where they just draw in room temperature air in here and it comes out hot like 30-plus degrees and push it through the heat exchanger, where it is actually cool to my skin. That's how efficient these are. And that cooling system is massively expandable, too. You can actually see, above me I am standing where we got a blue and green cooling pipe connected to a whole bunch of quick-release fittings ready to add more racks right here. But to see what they actually do with the heat. We're actually going to have to go upstairs... ...where we'll find the final and perhaps the "coolest" stuff in our tour here. This is the mechanical room, where the pumps and these freakin' pipes take all the water from downstairs and dump it into 3 cooling towers outside the building. Now, right now the weather is favorable to cooling, the ambient temperature is quite low, so it's just operating as gigantic radiators. But get this: when the conditions become less favorable in the summer, they kick things into high gear with an automated system that sprays water onto the fins of the radiators in the cooling towers, and if you watched our bong cooling video, which you can check out right here, you'll be familiar with this concept already. But this is called evaporative cooling and, by these means, even in ambient temperatures up to 30 degrees Celsius, they can achieve the 17 degree coolant levels that they need to, without employing the massive chiller unit that they have over on the other side of the room. Squarespace is the way to build a website, whether it's for your small business or for your, you know, local freaking book club. It doesn't matter! If you want a web presence affordably and quickly Squarespace gets it done for you. It starts at just 12 bucks a month and you get a free domain if you buy Squarespace for the year, you just pick one of their templates and... Boom! you upload some pictures, you fill in some text. It's all cloud-based and your website will ...simple as that... look great on any device. Every website comes with a free online store and their cover pages feature allows you to set up a beautiful one-page online presence in just minutes. So start a trial, with no credit card required and start building your website today. Then, when you decide to sign up for Squarespace, don't forget, head over to Squarespace.com/LTT and use offer code LTT to get 10% off your first purchase. So, a massive thank you to SFU and Compute Canada for allowing us to run a mock in their data center. Thanks to you guys for watching. If you disliked this video you know what to do, but if you liked it, hit that like button, get subscribed, maybe consider checking out where to buy the stuff we feature at the link in the video description. Also, down there you'll find a link to our merch store, which has cool shirts like this one and our community forum, which you should totally join!

Contents

Types of online media

News and magazines

As information is increasingly going digital, the Newspaper Audience Databank (NADbank) claims online readership for most Canadian newspapers have surpassed the numbers in print readership.[1] However, there is also lack of evidence that newspapers are coming to an end in Canada. For some of Canada's larger newspapers, readership has increased in both print and online formats. After The Globe and Mail's redesign, they claim to have fueled a 10.2% increase in both their print and online readers.[2] Highlights from a 2010 study conducted by NADbank revealed the national newspaper readership remains high. Though the migration from print to online newspapers is still ongoing, print editions are still the most popular amongst Canadians.[3]

Many news writers are beginning to have an active Twitter presence to communicate with their audiences. Large newspapers[which?] are urging writers to have a public persona on blogs or Twitter. Instant connection is becoming more substantial, as journalists are encouraged to interact with the public. Canadians are also becoming active participants in the journalistic process as journalists are realizing citizens' ability to perform fragments of journalism, such as taking on-the-scene pictures, tweeting, commenting online or simply editing a Wikipedia entry. Alfred Hermida of the University of British Columbia asserts that participatory journalism reinforces the public sphere, while news specialization ironically undermines it.[4]

Online-only news

Openfile.ca was an online-only newspaper that concentrated on community-powered news, with the intent of connecting people with reporters to cover specific communities. Launched in May 2010, OpenFile aimed to promote citizen journalism by enabling anyone to suggest a story to cover, and then a paid journalist would conduct research and produce a polished piece. Stories were also geotagged to improve accessibility to citizens who wanted stories in their immediate neighbourhoods.[5] By 2012, the site saw about 400,000 unique visitors per month, but it was suddenly shuttered in September of that year due to reported financial problems.[6] As of 2014, the Openfile website simply states, "on hiatus".

Though news and magazine companies are increasing their presence online, publications such as Dose magazine have discontinued their print editions, but have gone on to develop their news website as it strategically targets a younger demographic.

Rabble.ca, another online-only news site, is a non-profit organization that publishes a mixture of original content and those of alternative publications. In 2008, they created rabbletv in an effort to branch out their multi-media presence. Rabble also hosts Babble, a forum pertaining mostly to political discussions, and most recently the Activist Toolkit, a wiki project that aims to enable members of the rabble community to engage in collaborative writing of content.[7]

The Canoe Network is an online-only news site in Canada with a network of French and English news content, as well as sub-divisions of a job-listing site, TV programs, e-commerce and others.[8]

Television

In the digital age, large media conglomerates are taking the opportunity to broaden their audiences by pushing to start up their own online platforms for multimedia content. Rogers, one of Canada's largest communication companies, made the move in 2009 to create its version of Hulu.com, a popular on-demand streaming video service from the US. The concept was to provide free television programs in pursuance of promoting online content in Canada. It has also been noted as a way to secure Canada's future in broadcasting, as major cable companies were already losing customers to service cancellations in the United States. Much of the efforts to promote Canadian online content have proven to be difficult as the federal broadcast regulators are still in uncharted territories.[9]

Many satellite companies in Canada also own TV stations. In September 2011, the Canadian Radio-television and Telecommunications Commission (CRTC) decided against the hoarding of specific televised programs by such companies for fair competition. Bell Canada has made such offerings with NFL games on Bell's Mobile TV package, as well as select NHL and CFL games on TSN.ca. Many communications companies[which?] compete to provide instant entertainment content.[10]

Launched in June 2011, Shaw Communications have received legal complaints that their online video-streaming consists of movies from major film studios, some of which aren't licensed to be broadcast through their video-streaming platform. The objective was to work towards a development that would adjust to the shifting viewer trends.[11]

Entertainment and gaming consoles

Microsoft Corporation plans to launch its on-demand and live TV service for the Xbox 360 gaming console in the winter of 2011. The Canadian service would include MLSE, UFC, Vevo, Rogers on Demand, Telus OPtik, YouTube, Facebook, Twitter, MSN Canada and the involvement of other companies.[12]

Rogers Communications have started targeting specific Toronto Blue Jays fans by supplying them with the major league team's live games online, regardless if they have cable or not.[13]

Online content on other media platforms

On November 2011, Amazon released the Kindle Fire, but it has not yet been released in Canada.[14]

For four days in October, the Canadian company Research in Motion's BlackBerry Internet Service experienced a service outage.[15]

Research has also revealed more than 50% of Canadians are banking and shopping online. The demographics for these statistics no longer side with the younger generation, as older people are finding instant online transactions convenient.[16]

Social media

American online content is popular in Canada. In the spring of 2011, the Canadian federal election was reported as the "Twitter election" by news media,[17][18] as the result of the wide usage of online social media for citizen discussions and for candidates' exposure. It was not possible to prevent the transmission of poll results to a district (in a different time zone) whose polls had yet to close. This objective is nearly impossible with the vast amount of instant blogging and sharing of information on the election. Hashtags along the lines of #tweettheresults were being used by tweeters. Citizens discussed and deliberated that certain laws had to be changed to adjust to present day conditions.[19][20]

Elections Act: Section 329

No person shall transmit the result or purported result of the vote in an electoral district to the public in another electoral district before the close of all of the polling stations in that other electoral district.[21]

The 73-year-old law became the subject of debate with the advent of instant social media. Meant to prevent influencing citizens of the West coast whose time zone is about four and a half hours behind the East coast, bloggers had the possibility of receiving a fine of $25,000 for prematurely releasing the election results before all polls close. Under the Canada Elections Act, Section 329 applies to all forms of transmission regardless of the medium. In earlier days the Act was only directed towards television and radio outlets. Though a large amount of violation was anticipated in the 2011 Federal Election, only one case was prosecuted with a minimal fine.[citation needed] While some Tweeters and bloggers[who?] believe this is a violation of their freedom of expression, Elections Canada noted that results could be sent between individuals without breaching Section 329, though it was illegal to broadcast them on social media such as a Facebook Wall.[22] Information technology specialists from Sequentia Environics and the Social Media Group have stated that people would not be able to conform to the policy conscientiously, and that enforcing confidentiality with the likes of Facebook and Twitter is nearly impossible.[22] Other professionals[who?] have even stated there is no use of a law that cannot be enforced effectively. The numerous links and components to all growing social media platforms would necessite detailed examination of acceptable and prohibited sharing of election data.

A recent study conducted by the Print Measurement Bureau (PMB) on Canadians' social media usage patterns showed that one third of Canadian social networkers are under the age of 25. Compared with the rest of the nation, social networkers are also twice as likely to visit online magazines, newspapers, television and radio.[23]

Social media use in agricultural and rural development sectors in Canada is rapidly growing in recent years. Facebook and Twitter are the most used social media tools by the stakeholders of agriculture and rural development. Although there are numerous research and development initiatives of social and collaborative media the interest about social media in agriculture has just grown recently. Some of the few researches done on this topic indicates that social media use is mainly realized as a linear communication flows[24] among stakeholders of Canadian agriculture. Therefore, it is necessary to move beyond and include strategies and capacity building initiatives for dialogical and social interaction approach to support innovative practices of stakeholders in this sector.

Interactive media and advertisements

As a consequence of increased online audience, the Canadian online ad revenue rose to $2.2 billion in 2010.[citation needed] Advertisers are now aiming to measure the attention of online users via clickthrough rate. The Interactive Advertising Bureau of Canada reported that the online ad revenue surpassed newspapers ad revenues dramatically.[21] Newspapers have always made revenue from advertisements, and not subscriptions,[citation needed] and in recent years, this has not changed. Online newspapers are keen on increasing their readership to be more valuable to advertising.

Ethnic online media

In Canada, immigrant minorities' access to ethnic media online serves as a source of news from their home countries.

Multicultural marketing is growing in Canada,[citation needed] with advertisers hoping to reach the country's hundreds of ethnic communities. In 2009, a study by Solutions Research Group revealed that the Internet has become the preferred medium amongst Chinese Canadians and South Asian Canadians, two of the country's largest cultural groups.[citation needed] Community portals in particular are popular amongst Canada's ethnic groups.[citation needed] Web portal 51.ca is an example of a common online networking site for the Chinese community. In Canada, advertisers place geo-targeted ads in foreign and online newspapers like TimesOfIndia.com to reach local audiences. Though there is abundant web activity amongst the minority population, they remain loyal to traditional media that communicate in their native languages.[25]

Canadian laws on online media

The Canadian Radio and Television Commission (CRTC) had recently deliberated on revising broadcasting rights from the many incoming internet-based broadcasters from other countries. Video streaming sites such as Hulu are not available to Canadians because Canadian broadcasters have rights to programming, and controls on how they are broadcast.[26]

The request to conduct a formal review on TV content on the internet was turned down. Companies like Netflix Inc. were criticized[by whom?] for posing a threat to the domestic broadcasting system, and accused of having a competitive advantage. Since the prolonged consultation revealed there is no evidence that these internet-based movie services are negatively affecting the Canadian broadcasting system, companies like Netflix aren't compelled to follow the same rules and regulations, and don't have to fund Canadian broadcasting content or face the same regulations as cable and satellite distributors.[27][28]

Immediacy of communication and advanced connectivity

In the summer of 2011, a study by Angus Reid revealed that an approximate one half of online Canadians surveyed would give up cable service before they would give up the Internet. It is considered standard for digital home owners to spend over $100 per month for faster internet plans.[29]

Fibre to the home replaces the traditional copper telephone wires with optical fiber cable, enabling it to surpass cable limitations. Well established in Asia, the infrastructure is being implemented in various parts of the United States but remains unrecognized to Canadians. In Ontario, Bell Canada has strategically started selling internet packages called Fibre 6,12,16, and 25, despite not being a FTTH service.[29]

As usage of data and bandwidth is increasing due to the growing availability of high definition videos online, CRTC recently created a pricing model for ISP providers to follow. The model, which acts as a usage cap, allows for internet wholesalers to charge based on download speed and notby volume of data, the latter proposed by Bell and declined by CRTC.[30]

Arctic communities in Canada have poor communication infrastructures. Due to the residents' geographical isolation, proper access to web content can act as their window to domestic affairs and global matters.[31]

Specialization

Canadian telecommunications and media companies are also taking the opportunity to provide specialized content online as a means to cater to and attract specific audiences. Rogers Communications recently started making Toronto Maple Leafs hockey games accessible on the web for their cable subscribers as a television on-demand service. The media company acquired the Toronto Blue Jays baseball team in 2000, anticipating an increase in on-demand viewership.[32]

Criticism

In 2011 Arianna Huffington of The Huffington Post asserted that Canadians need to put more effort into producing online media content and not perceive it as a taboo. She claimed that news scoops that are posted immediately online have more effect than those being held for the front page the next day.[33]

Future trends

As viewership steadily overtakes readership, a survey conducted by Rogers has revealed that Canadians' lives are continually becoming richer online and the sharing of photos are growing exponentially more popular. For the youth in Canada, digital media is the only media they have grown to know, and the Internet is the primary source of information and entertainment they have grown accustomed to.[34] The research of journalism professor Alfred Hermida at the University of British Columbia shows a total of 17 million Facebook users in Canada.[35] With social media, individuals tailor the news that comes to them as a means of efficiency, and share specific news to their immediate online community.[34]

See also

References

  1. ^ Krashinsky, Susan (March 17, 2010). "Online news readership rising: NADbank". The Globe and Mail.
  2. ^ "Globe readership grows, both for print and online". The Globe and Mail. September 28, 2011.
  3. ^ "2010 Overview of Results".
  4. ^ Lynch, Lisa (Nov 10, 2011). "Participatory Journalism: an interview with Alfred Hermida". The Canadian Journalism Project.
  5. ^ "About Openfile". Openfile. Archived from the original on 2011-12-28. Retrieved 2011-12-14.
  6. ^ Houpt, Simon (21 February 2013). "We wanted to believe in OpenFile's community journalism - but the dream is dead". The Globe and Mail. Retrieved 8 April 2014.
  7. ^ "Welcome to rabble.ca". rabble.ca.
  8. ^ "Corporate Profile". Canoe inc.
  9. ^ Surridge, Grant (March 10, 2009). "Rogers talks up Canadian version of Hulu.com". Financial Post.
  10. ^ "Rogers hopes Leafs score with subscribers". The Globe and Mail. Oct 13, 2011.
  11. ^ Sturgeon, Jamie (Aug 26, 2011). "Shaw steps on Hollywood's toes over rights". National Post.
  12. ^ "Microsoft to offer Canadians TV over their Xbox". The Globe and Mail. Oct 5, 2011.
  13. ^ Sturgeon, Jamie (Aug 3, 2011). "Jays games go online - if you're with Rogers". The National Post.
  14. ^ Braga, Matthew (Sep 30, 2011). "Kindle's Fire will be dampened in Canada by lack of streaming services". The Globe and Mail.
  15. ^ Elizabeth, Renzetti (Oct 14, 2011). "The Great Berry Crisis of '11: We almost had to actually speak to each other". The Globe and Mail.
  16. ^ "Online life increasing for Canadians". Canada AM - CTV Television. Apr 28, 2008.
  17. ^ "The House: The Twitter election". CBC News. Retrieved 2017-12-08.
  18. ^ "The Big Data Election: Political parties building detailed voter records". Ottawa Citizen. 2014-10-18. Retrieved 2017-12-08.
  19. ^ "'Tweet-in' to flout Elections Canada blackout law". CBC News. April 21, 2011.
  20. ^ Norris, Gary (May 2, 2011). "Canada Election Result Bloggers Face Fines Under 1938 Law". Bloomberg.
  21. ^ a b Dobby, Christine (August 2, 2011). "Canadian Internet ads hit $2.2-billion, outpace print in 2010". Financial Post.
  22. ^ a b Humphreys, Adrian (Apr 20, 2011). "Elections Canada warns against posting results on social media". The National Post.
  23. ^ "Canadians' Usage of Social Media" (PDF). PMB Print Measurement Bureau. 2011. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2011-11-25. Retrieved 2011-12-14.
  24. ^ Chowdhury, Ataharul; Odame, Helen Hambly (2014-02-03). "Social Media for Enhancing Innovation in Agri-food and Rural Development: Current Dynamics in Ontario, Canada". Journal of Rural and Community Development. 8 (2). ISSN 1712-8277.
  25. ^ Semansky, Matt (Mar 22, 2010). "New Canadians Migrating Online" (Web). Marketing. 115 (4). Canada, Toronto: Rogers Publishing Limited: 44–45. ISSN 1196-4650. Retrieved Nov 23, 2011.
  26. ^ Sturgeon, Jamie (October 6, 2011). "CRTC won't regulate online streaming". Financial Post.
  27. ^ Argitis, Theophilos (October 1, 2011). "Netflix won't face Canadian regulations". Financial Post.
  28. ^ Sturgeon, Jamie (Oct 5, 2011). "CRTC punts prospect of online television regulations to next year". The National Post.
  29. ^ a b Thompson, Hugh (October 5, 2011). "With Fibre Internet, the future is here, but not for most Canadians".
  30. ^ Marlow, Iain (Nov 15, 2011). "CRTC unveils compromise for usage-based billing". The Globe and Mail.
  31. ^ Weber, Bob (Sep 3, 2011). "Poor Arctic communications threaten development, Canadian sovereignty: study". The Globe and Mail.
  32. ^ Krashinsky, Susan (October 13, 2011). "Rogers hopes Leafs score with subscribers". The Globe and Mail.
  33. ^ Wyatt, Nelson (September 16, 2011). "Huffington Post creator says Canadian media need to focus more effort online". The Canadian Press. Marketing Magazine.
  34. ^ a b Murray, James (October 6, 2011). "CRTC Gets It Right with New Media". Net News Ledger.
  35. ^ McKeon, Lauren (Nov 16, 2011). "Future of News: What happens next?". The Canadian Journalism Project.

External links

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