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Campbell County, Wyoming

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Campbell County, Wyoming
Campbell County Courthouse in Gillette, Wyoming.jpg
Campbell County Courthouse
Flag of Campbell County, Wyoming

Flag
Map of Wyoming highlighting Campbell County

Location within the U.S. state of Wyoming
Map of the United States highlighting Wyoming

Wyoming's location within the U.S.
FoundedFebruary 21, 1911
SeatGillette
Largest cityGillette
Area
 • Total4,807 sq mi (12,450 km2)
 • Land4,803 sq mi (12,440 km2)
 • Water4.0 sq mi (10 km2), 0.08%
Population (est.)
 • (2016)48,803
 • Density9.6/sq mi (3.7/km2)
Congressional districtAt-large
Time zoneMountain: UTC−7/−6
Websitewww.ccgov.net

Campbell County is a county in the U.S. state of Wyoming. As of the 2010 United States Census, the population was 46,133,[1] making it the third-most populous county in Wyoming. Its county seat is Gillette.[2]

Campbell County comprises the Gillette, WY Micropolitan Statistical Area.

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Transcription

Welcome to Campbell County, a land rich in history and natural resources. Located between the Bighorn Mountains and the Black Hills of Wyoming is this rugged prairie landscape, known as the Powder River Basin. Early settlement of the area began in the late 1860s and 1870s when herds of cattle came up the Texas Trail, to graze the vast, open plains of northern Wyoming. The brutal winter of 1886 and 1887 decimated these herds of cattle and forever changed the settlement of this area. Smaller ranching outfits soon established, that used the more managed practices of stringing up fence and growing hay to ensure feed for livestock through the winter months. Land that was once valuable for large cattle enterprises, later became sought after as a nationwide energy source. Coal was first mined in Campbell County in 1909. Early coal mining was done with 2 and 4 horse teams that pulled earth scrapers, known as “fresnos” to gain access to the seams of coal. Oil was discovered in the mid-1900s and this, in conjunction with coal mining, led to major population booms throughout the years. So come visit the “Energy Capital of the Nation” and discover the cowboy and mining culture that it has to offer! From the University of Wyoming Extension, I’m Blake Hauptman, exploring the nature of Wyoming.

Contents

History

Campbell County was created in 1911 of land annexed from Crook and Weston counties.[3]

Campbell County was named either for John Allen Campbell, a governor of the Wyoming Territory or for Robert Campbell, an early trapper, who was a fur trader associated with William Henry Ashley.[4]

Geography

Eagle Butte coal mine north of Gillette
Eagle Butte coal mine north of Gillette

According to the US Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 4,807 square miles (12,450 km2), of which 4,803 square miles (12,440 km2) is land and 4.0 square miles (10 km2) (9.6%) is water.[5]

Adjacent counties

Major highways

National protected area

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
19205,233
19306,72028.4%
19406,048−10.0%
19504,839−20.0%
19605,86121.1%
197012,957121.1%
198024,36788.1%
199029,37020.5%
200033,69814.7%
201046,13336.9%
Est. 201648,803[6]5.8%
US Decennial Census[7]
1870–2000[8] 2010–2016[1]

2000 census

As of the 2000 United States Census,[9] there were 33,698 people, 12,207 households, and 9,008 families in the county. The population density was 7 people per square mile (3/km²). There were 13,288 housing units at an average density of 3 per square mile (1/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 96.06% White, 0.15% Black or African American, 0.93% Native American, 0.32% Asian, 0.09% Pacific Islander, 1.12% from other races, and 1.34% from two or more races. 3.53% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 30.3% were of German, 11.4% English, 11.0% Irish, 8.5% American and 6.2% Norwegian ancestry.

There were 12,207 households out of which 43.10% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 59.80% were married couples living together, 8.80% had a female householder with no husband present, and 26.20% were non-families. Of 12,207 households, 785 were unmarried partner households: 675 heterosexual, 52 same-sex male, and 58 same-sex female.

20.20% of all households were made up of individuals and 3.90% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.73 and the average family size was 3.16.

The county population contained 31.00% under the age of 18, 9.50% from 18 to 24, 32.30% from 25 to 44, 21.90% from 45 to 64, and 5.30% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 32 years. For every 100 females there were 105.60 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 104.10 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $76,576, and the median income for a family was $53,927. Males had a median income of $41,814 versus $21,914 for females. The per capita income for the county was $20,063. About 5.60% of families and 7.60% of the population were below the poverty line, including 7.70% of those under age 18 and 12.40% of those age 65 or over.

2010 census

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 46,133 people, 17,172 households, and 11,933 families in the county.[10] The population density was 9.6 inhabitants per square mile (3.7/km2). There were 18,955 housing units at an average density of 3.9 per square mile (1.5/km2).[11] The racial makeup of the county was 93.2% white, 1.2% American Indian, 0.6% Asian, 0.3% black or African American, 2.7% from other races, and 2.1% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 7.8% of the population.[10] In terms of ancestry, 32.2% were German, 15.9% were Irish, 10.8% were English, 5.5% were American, and 5.1% were Norwegian.[12]

Of the 17,172 households, 39.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.0% were married couples living together, 8.6% had a female householder with no husband present, 30.5% were non-families, and 22.4% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.66 and the average family size was 3.11. The median age was 31.9 years.[10]

The median income for a household in the county was $76,576 and the median income for a family was $83,965. Males had a median income of $61,393 versus $31,769 for females. The per capita income for the county was $31,968. About 5.9% of families and 6.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 10.5% of those under age 18 and 3.9% of those age 65 or over.[13]

Communities

City

Downtown Gillette on South Gillette Avenue looking south
Downtown Gillette on South Gillette Avenue looking south

Town

Census-designated places

Unincorporated communities

Wyodak seen from Wyoming Highway 51
Wyodak seen from Wyoming Highway 51

Politics

Owing to its coal mining and oil wealth, Campbell County is overwhelmingly Republican. No Democratic Presidential candidate has carried Campbell County since Franklin D. Roosevelt won 46 of 48 contemporary states against Alf Landon in 1936. Since 1950, the only Democrat to have won forty percent of the county's vote is Lyndon Johnson in his 1964 landslide victory against Barry Goldwater, and in the subsequent half-century no Democrat has passed one-third of the county's vote. In 2016, indeed, Campbell came to rival Crook and Johnson counties for the unofficial title of “reddest county in the reddest state”, with Donald Trump outpolling Hillary Clinton by a twelve-to-one margin.

Presidential elections results
Presidential elections results[14]
Year Republican Democratic Third parties
2016 86.7% 15,778 7.3% 1,324 6.0% 1,097
2012 85.1% 14,953 12.3% 2,163 2.6% 455
2008 79.7% 13,011 18.3% 2,990 2.0% 319
2004 82.2% 12,415 16.3% 2,464 1.5% 220
2000 81.4% 10,203 15.7% 1,967 3.0% 370
1996 53.7% 6,382 29.2% 3,468 17.2% 2,039
1992 47.4% 5,315 24.2% 2,709 28.4% 3,184
1988 73.6% 6,702 25.1% 2,288 1.3% 122
1984 83.9% 8,387 15.3% 1,525 0.8% 83
1980 73.2% 5,613 18.3% 1,400 8.6% 656
1976 66.2% 3,306 32.4% 1,620 1.4% 69
1972 78.6% 2,953 20.9% 783 0.5% 19
1968 66.7% 1,694 22.0% 558 11.4% 289
1964 57.3% 1,606 42.7% 1,196
1960 64.7% 1,575 35.3% 861
1956 69.2% 1,473 30.8% 656
1952 73.1% 1,823 26.7% 666 0.2% 5
1948 58.0% 1,201 41.3% 856 0.7% 14
1944 62.9% 1,514 37.1% 894
1940 57.6% 1,540 42.2% 1,128 0.3% 7
1936 47.5% 1,322 51.5% 1,435 1.0% 27
1932 39.0% 1,161 58.0% 1,728 3.1% 91
1928 66.5% 1,528 32.4% 744 1.1% 25
1924 52.4% 1,121 27.0% 577 20.7% 443
1920 66.7% 1,027 32.0% 493 1.3% 20
1916 38.6% 448 59.5% 690 1.9% 22
1912 25.1% 186 48.8% 361 26.1% 193

Notable people

See also

References

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". US Census Bureau. Retrieved January 25, 2014.
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on May 31, 2011. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
  3. ^ Long, John H. (2006). "Wyoming: Individual County Chronologies". Wyoming Atlas of Historical County Boundaries. The Newberry Library. Archived from the original on July 18, 2011. Retrieved September 6, 2011.
  4. ^ Urbanek, Mae (1988). Wyoming Place Names. Missoula MT: Mountain Press Pub. Co. ISBN 0-87842-204-8.
  5. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". US Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Retrieved August 5, 2015.
  6. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017.
  7. ^ "US Decennial Census". US Census Bureau. Archived from the original on April 26, 2015. Retrieved August 5, 2015.
  8. ^ "Historical Decennial Census Population for Wyoming Counties, Cities, and Towns". Wyoming Department of Administration & Information, Division of Economic Analysis. Retrieved January 25, 2014.
  9. ^ "American FactFinder". US Census Bureau. Archived from the original on September 11, 2013. Retrieved May 14, 2011.
  10. ^ a b c "Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data". US Census Bureau. Retrieved January 12, 2016.
  11. ^ "Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - County". US Census Bureau. Retrieved January 12, 2016.
  12. ^ "Selected Social Characteristics in the US – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". US Census Bureau. Retrieved January 12, 2016.
  13. ^ "Selected Economic Characteristics – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". US Census Bureau. Retrieved January 12, 2016.
  14. ^ Leip, David. "Atlas of US Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved April 5, 2018.

External links

This page was last edited on 9 July 2019, at 01:27
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