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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Calverley
WilfredsCalverley.JPG

Calverley Parish Church
Calverley is located in Leeds
Calverley
Calverley
Calverley is located in West Yorkshire
Calverley
Calverley
Location within West Yorkshire
Population22,594 (Ward. Calverley and Farsley. 2011 census)[1]
OS grid referenceSE209368
• London170 mi (270 km) SSE
Metropolitan borough
Metropolitan county
Region
CountryEngland
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Post townPUDSEY
Postcode districtLS28
Dialling code0113
PoliceWest Yorkshire
FireWest Yorkshire
AmbulanceYorkshire
UK Parliament
List of places
UK
England
Yorkshire
53°49′36″N 1°41′27″W / 53.8266°N 1.6908°W / 53.8266; -1.6908

Calverley is a village in the City of Leeds metropolitan borough in West Yorkshire, England, on the A657 road, about ten miles (16 km) from Leeds city centre and four miles (7 km) from Bradford. The population of Calverley in 2011 was 4,328.[2] It is part of the City of Leeds ward Calverley and Farsley, with a population of 22,594 at the 2011 Census.[1]

Etymology

The name of Calverley is first attested in the 1086 Domesday Book, as Caverlei and Caverleia.[3] Spellings including the l, such as Kalverlay, are found in twelfth-century sources. The name comes from the Old English words calfra, the genitive plural of calf ('calf'), and lēah ('open ground in woodland'). Thus the name once meant "calves' clearing" or something similar.[4]

History

Historically, Calverley was a parish in the district of Bradford and the Morley wapentake, but was incorporated into the municipal borough of Pudsey in 1937, of which it remained a part until its abolition in 1974.[5]

Calverley is a rural village with a medieval manor house, Calverley Old Hall, which dates back to the 14th century and was home to the Calverley family. In 1605 the landowner, Walter Calverley, went insane and murdered some of his children in Calverley Hall. He refused to plead and was ordered to be pressed to death, a method used to try to force a confession. He died without confessing his crime in order to ensure that his estate was not taken from his remaining family.[6]

Houses in the village are mostly constructed of sandstone, darkened by the soot of the Industrial Revolution, though there are brick buildings to the south of the original village. The Anglican parish church St Wilfrid's has parts dating from the 11th or 12th century. The tower was added and increased in the 13th to 15th century.[7] The Methodist church beside Victoria Park opened in 1872. Both churches are Grade II listed buildings.[8]

Calverley Cutting, a straight road which was intended to replace the old winding packhorse way through the woods between Carr Road in Calverley and Apperley Bridge, was cut through the local sandstone rock by 1856. It was meant to be part of a scheme to develop the area for luxurious residential purposes which, however, failed. Local residents objected to the closure of the old route because the new road proved to be very steep.[9][10]

Calverley and Rodley railway station on the line of the former Leeds and Bradford Railway was opened in 1846, closed to passengers in 1965 and to freight in 1968.

Administration

The village was part of the Municipal Borough of Pudsey alongside Farsley until 1974, though for centuries previously both Pudsey and Farsley were part of the Calverley parish.[11]

Sports and recreation

The recreation ground in Victoria Park is home to Calverley St Wilfrid's Cricket Club.[12] There are two golf courses to the south of the village: Woodhall Hills (established 1905) off Woodhall Road, and Calverley Golf Club off Woodhall Lane.

Notable people

Gallery

Location grid

References

  1. ^ a b UK Census (2011). "Local Area Report – Calverley and Farsley  Ward (as of 2011) (E05001418)". Nomis. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 7 June 2019.
  2. ^ http://www.neighbourhood.statistics.co.uk/ Archived 13 October 2016 at the Wayback Machine Census 2011 Output Areas E00058402-E00058405 and E00048441-E00058450
  3. ^ "Place: Calverley". Open Domesday. Archived from the original on 8 December 2015. Retrieved 2 December 2015.
  4. ^ Harry Parkin, Your City's Place-Names: Leeds, English Place-Name Society City-Names Series, 3 (Nottingham: English Place-Name Society, 2017), p. 32.
  5. ^ "Calverley West Riding". A Vision of Britain through Time. Archived from the original on 1 December 2017. Retrieved 10 May 2017.
  6. ^ "The History of Calverley". Archived from the original on 5 May 2009. Retrieved 2 April 2009.
  7. ^ Calverley Today David Weldrake (20 December 2007) Calverley Village History
  8. ^ Claverley Today Archived 3 April 2009 at the Wayback Machine Faith
  9. ^ "Calverley Cutting". Leodis. A photographic Archive of Leeds.
  10. ^ "Calverley Cutting, top, from a watercolour by Fred Swaine". Leodis. A photographic Archive of Leeds. Archived from the original on 1 December 2017. Retrieved 10 May 2017.
  11. ^ "Calverley Parish past boundaries". Archived from the original on 2 December 2005. Retrieved 27 March 2006.
  12. ^ Calverley St Wilfrid's Cricket Club Archived 19 April 2013 at Archive.today
  13. ^ Watson, Giles C. "Blunt, Alfred Walter Frank (1879–1957)". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/49183. Archived from the original on 6 January 2018. Retrieved 5 January 2018. (Subscription or UK public library membership required.)
  14. ^ Gilley, Sheridan. "Faber, Frederick William (1814–1863)". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/9050. Archived from the original on 6 January 2018. Retrieved 5 January 2018. (Subscription or UK public library membership required.)
  15. ^ O'Connor, W.J. (1990). British physiologists, 1885–1914 : a biographical dictionary. Manchester: Manchester University Press. p. 464. ISBN 0-7190-3282-2.
  16. ^ "Charles Smith". ESPNcricinfo. Archived from the original on 8 November 2017. Retrieved 5 January 2018.

External links

This page was last edited on 20 September 2020, at 18:13
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