To install click the Add extension button. That's it.

The source code for the WIKI 2 extension is being checked by specialists of the Mozilla Foundation, Google, and Apple. You could also do it yourself at any point in time.

4,5
Kelly Slayton
Congratulations on this excellent venture… what a great idea!
Alexander Grigorievskiy
I use WIKI 2 every day and almost forgot how the original Wikipedia looks like.
Live Statistics
English Articles
Improved in 24 Hours
Added in 24 Hours
Languages
Recent
Show all languages
What we do. Every page goes through several hundred of perfecting techniques; in live mode. Quite the same Wikipedia. Just better.
.
Leo
Newton
Brights
Milds

Calty Design Research

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Calty Design Research Incorporated (also simply known as Calty) is a Toyota design studio established in 1973. They have two facilities: one in Newport Beach, California - concept designs, and another in Ann Arbor, Michigan - production designs. Calty provides both interior and exterior styling proposals for future Toyota vehicles. [1] Calty provides advanced design, production color and wheel design concepts for Toyota's product development operations.[2]

Calty Design Research Office in Newport Beach, CA
Calty Design Research Office in Newport Beach, CA

Calty was initially created by Noritsuna Watanabe and David J. Stollery in 1973 at El Segundo, California. In 1976, Toyota sent Kazuo Morohoshi to rebuild the design center into a much stronger entity. Morohoshi was an assistant manager in Toyota who had recent completed work on the third generation Corolla and the Tercel and Corsa. His task was to build a long term design center in America to cater for American tastes and styles rather than catering to Japanese tastes and styles. Morohoshi had to develop both the direction for the new center and physical realities such as selecting the building, fitting it out and hiring staff. He choose to staff it with Americans, even though there were often cultural misunderstandings between himself and the American staff for a while. After one year under Morohoshi's management, Calty started working on the second generation Celica, aimed at the American market. American sales soon picked up as a result of the styling being aim at American tastes. [3]

With the aid of design consultant and longtime Art Center faculty member Strother MacMinn, pure research was also undertaken in the form of concept cars. These paved the way for features incorporated into future Toyota cars. Feedback about the concept cars also allowed Toyota to gauge how American audiences perceived styling issues, which were often different from how the Japanese perceived them.[3][4]


Morohoshi was called back to Japan in 1983 to head up Advanced Design at the Nagoya Design Division in Japan. The building he choose for Calty in Newport Beach is still being used by Calty.[3]

When Toyota decided to build a luxury car (the Lexus LS400), it was aimed at the 43 year old white American male earning $100,000 per year (in 1987 dollars). A team of Japanese designers was sent to California to discover what this demographic looked for in a car and how it reflected their lifestyle. This team worked closely with Calty. As representatives of the target market, Calty was also involved in the exterior and interior design. However, Calty's sporty designs came into conflict with executives in Japan, who favored a more conservative car that appealed to middle-aged Japanese executives.[citation needed] Calty was also involved with the design of the new Lexus dealerships and the early training of these new dealers.[5]

Toyota's design centers around the world often participated together to design new cars. For example, in February 1996 there was a competition among the design centers for the design of the first generation Prius. The Calty design was chosen, although the detailed work to turn it into a production car was done by Development Center 2 in Japan.[6]


Here is a time line (model years) and list of vehicles Calty has contributed to:

See also

References

  1. ^ "Calty Design Research Fact Sheet" (Press release). US: Toyota. 2017-04-17. Retrieved 2017-07-04.
  2. ^ "Calty Design Research, Inc. located in Newport Beach, California". Automotive Industry Facts. US. 2011. Archived from the original on 2011-07-07.
  3. ^ a b c Cinti, Fulvio; Gandini, Marzia (2003). Kazuo Morohoshi – Toyota Design. Car Men. Milan: Automobilia. ISBN 88-7960-145-8.
  4. ^ Rechtin, Mark (2007-10-29). "Creation of Calty launched new era of California car design". Automotive News. Retrieved 2016-06-18.
  5. ^ Lui, Erwin (2011). foreword. Lexus: The Relentless Pursuit. By Dawson, Chester. US: John Wiley & Sons. ISBN 9780470828076.
  6. ^ Motoyama, Yasuyuki (2016). Global Companies, Local Innovations: Why the Engineering Aspects of Innovation Making Require Co-location. Britain: Routledge. p. 64. ISBN 978-1317128021.

External links

This page was last edited on 13 September 2020, at 23:58
Basis of this page is in Wikipedia. Text is available under the CC BY-SA 3.0 Unported License. Non-text media are available under their specified licenses. Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc. WIKI 2 is an independent company and has no affiliation with Wikimedia Foundation.