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California's congressional districts

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

California's Congressional districts since 2013.

California is the most populous U.S. state and as a result has the most representation in the United States House of Representatives, with 53 Representatives. Each Representative represents one congressional district.

Starting in the 2022 midterms, per the 2020 United States census, California will lose a new congressional seat.[1] This marked the first time in the state's history where it will lose a seat.[2]

1992: Court ordered districts

The 1990 census gave California seven additional congressional seats. Attempts by the legislature to draw up new districts were unsuccessful, as three different plans drawn up by the Democratic-controlled Legislature were vetoed by Republican governor Pete Wilson. In September 1991 the California Supreme Court took jurisdiction over the redistricting process to break the stalemate.[3][4] Districts were drawn up by a panel of retired judges.

2002: Bipartisan redistricting

After the 2000 census, the California State Legislature was obliged to complete redistricting[5] for House of Representatives districts (in accordance with Article 1, Section 4 of the United States Constitution) as well as California State Assembly and California State Senate districts. It was mutually decided by legislators that the status quo in terms of balance of power would be preserved - a so-called Incumbent Protection Plan.[6] A bipartisan gerrymandering effort was done, and districts were configured in such a way that they were dominated by one or the other party, with few districts that could be considered competitive. In some cases this resulted in extremely convoluted boundary lines.

In the 2004 elections, a win by less than 55 percent of the vote was quite rare. This was seen in only five out of 80 State Assembly seats and two out of 20 State Senate seats up for election. The congressional seats were even less competitive than the state legislative districts - just three of the 53 districts were won with less than 60 percent of the vote in 2004.

2012: Citizens Redistricting Commission

Proposition 11, a California ballot proposition known as the Voters FIRST Act, was approved by the voters on November 4, 2008. It removed from the California Legislature the responsibility for drawing the state's congressional districts, and gave the responsibility instead to a 14-member Citizens Commission.[7] The U.S. Supreme Court upheld the constitutionality of removing the responsibility from the legislature. The proposition also required that the districts drawn up (1) comply with the federal Voting Rights Act; (2) make districts contiguous; (3) respect, to the extent possible, the integrity of cities, counties, neighborhoods and "communities of interest"; and (4) to the extent possible, make districts compact. Several of these terms are not defined in law.

Governor Arnold Schwarzenegger had earlier proposed placing the redistricting process in the hands of retired judges, which was on the November ballot as an initiative in a special election (called by the Governor on June 14, 2005), Proposition 77. The special election was held on November 8, 2005. However, the initiative was overwhelmingly defeated, with 59 percent voting no. All initiatives, including those proposed by the Governor's allies and several independent initiatives, failed that year.

The California Citizens Redistricting Commission certified final district maps on August 15, 2011, and they took effect with the 2012 election.[8] The new districts are described as more "purple" than "red" or "blue" - that is, more mixed in electoral composition compared to the mostly "safe" districts of the previous decade, where incumbents were almost guaranteed re-election. These new districts, combined with demographic trends over several decades that favored the Democratic party, resulted in a gain of four House of Representatives seats for California Democrats in the 2012 elections.

Current districts and representatives

List of members of the California United States House delegation, their terms in office, district boundaries, and their political ratings according to the CPVI. The delegation for the 117th Congress has a total of 53 members, with 42 Democrats (including Speaker of the House Nancy Pelosi) and 11 Republicans (including minority leader Kevin McCarthy).

District Representative Party CPVI Incumbent time in office District map
1st
Doug LaMalfa 113th Congress official photo.jpg
Doug LaMalfa (R-Oroville)
Republican R+11 January 3, 2013 – present California US Congressional District 1 (since 2013).tif
2nd
Jared Huffman official photo.png
Jared Huffman (D-San Rafael)
Democratic D+23 January 3, 2013 – present California US Congressional District 2 (since 2013).tif
3rd
John Garamendi official photo.jpg
John Garamendi (D-Walnut Grove)
Democratic D+5 November 3, 2009 – present California US Congressional District 3 (since 2013).tif
4th
Tom McClintock, Official Portrait.JPG
Tom McClintock (R-Elk Grove)
Republican R+8 January 3, 2009 – present California US Congressional District 4 (since 2013).tif
5th
Mike Thompson.jpg
Mike Thompson (D-St. Helena)
Democratic D+22 January 3, 1999 – present California US Congressional District 5 (since 2013).tif
6th
Doris Matsui Official Photo.JPG
Doris Matsui (D-Sacramento)
Democratic D+21 March 10, 2005 – present California US Congressional District 6 (since 2013).tif
7th
Ami Bera official portrait (cropped).jpg
Ami Bera (D-Elk Grove)
Democratic D+5 January 3, 2013 – present California US Congressional District 7 (since 2013).tif
8th
Jay Obernolte 117th U.S Congress.jpg
Jay Obernolte (R-Big Bear Lake)
Republican R+8 January 3, 2021 – present California US Congressional District 8 (since 2013).tif
9th
Jerry McNerney (2014).jpg
Jerry McNerney (D-Stockton)
Democratic D+8 January 3, 2007 – present California US Congressional District 9 (since 2013).tif
10th
Josh Harder, official portrait, 116th Congress.jpg
Josh Harder (D-Turlock)
Democratic EVEN January 3, 2019 – present California US Congressional District 10 (since 2013).tif
11th
Mark DeSaulnier-1.jpeg
Mark DeSaulnier (D-Concord)
Democratic D+24 January 3, 2015 – present California US Congressional District 11 (since 2013).tif
12th
Official photo of Speaker Nancy Pelosi in 2019.jpg
Nancy Pelosi (D-San Francisco)
Democratic D+38 June 2, 1987 – present California US Congressional District 12 (since 2013).tif
13th
Barbara Lee official portrait.jpg
Barbara Lee (D-Oakland)
Democratic D+40 April 21, 1998 – present California US Congressional District 13 (since 2013).tif
14th
Jackie Speier official photo (cropped).jpg
Jackie Speier (D-Hillsborough)
Democratic D+28 April 8, 2008 – present California US Congressional District 14 (since 2013).tif
15th
Eric Swalwell 114th official photo (cropped).jpg
Eric Swalwell (D-Dublin)
Democratic D+22 January 3, 2013 – present California US Congressional District 15 (since 2013).tif
16th
Jim Costa official portrait (cropped).jpg
Jim Costa (D-Fresno)
Democratic D+9 January 3, 2005 – present California US Congressional District 16 (since 2013).tif
17th
Ro Khanna, official portrait, 115th Congress.jpg
Ro Khanna (D-Fremont)
Democratic D+24 January 3, 2017 – present California US Congressional District 17 (since 2013).tif
18th
Anna Eshoo official photo.jpg
Anna Eshoo (D-Atherton)
Democratic D+27 January 3, 1993 – present California US Congressional District 18 (since 2013).tif
19th
Zoe Lofgren, Official Portrait, 112th Congress.jpg
Zoe Lofgren (D-San Jose)
Democratic D+23 January 3, 1995 – present California US Congressional District 19 (since 2013).tif
20th
Jimmy Panetta official portrait.jpg
Jimmy Panetta (D-Carmel Valley)
Democratic D+23 January 3, 2017 – present California US Congressional District 20 (since 2013).tif
21st
David Valadao 117th U.S Congress.jpg
David Valadao (R-Hanford)
Republican D+5 January 3, 2021 – present California US Congressional District 21 (since 2013).tif
22nd
Devin Nunes (cropped).jpg
Devin Nunes (R-Tulare)
Republican R+6 January 3, 2003 – present California US Congressional District 22 (since 2013).tif
23rd
House Maj. Leader Kevin McCarthy official photo.jpg
Kevin McCarthy (R-Bakersfield)
Republican R+12 January 3, 2007 – present California US Congressional District 23 (since 2013).tif
24th
Salud Carbajal official photo (cropped).jpg
Salud Carbajal (D-Santa Barbara)
Democratic D+10 January 3, 2017 – present California US Congressional District 24 (since 2013).tif
25th
Mike Garcia, official portrait, 116th Congress.jpg
Mike Garcia (R-Santa Clarita)
Republican D+3 May 19, 2020 – present California US Congressional District 25 (since 2013).tif
26th
Julia Brownley official photo.jpg
Julia Brownley (D-Westlake Village)
Democratic D+10 January 3, 2013 – present California US Congressional District 26 (since 2013).tif
27th
Judy Chu official photo (cropped).jpg
Judy Chu (D-Monterey Park)
Democratic D+18 July 14, 2009 – present California US Congressional District 27 (since 2013).tif
28th
Adam Schiff official portrait (cropped).jpg
Adam Schiff (D-Burbank)
Democratic D+23 January 3, 2001 – present California US Congressional District 28 (since 2013).tif
29th
Tony Cárdenas 114th Congress (cropped).jpg
Tony Cárdenas (D-Pacoima)
Democratic D+27 January 3, 2013 – present California US Congressional District 29 (since 2013).tif
30th
Brad Sherman official photo.jpg
Brad Sherman (D-Sherman Oaks)
Democratic D+20 January 3, 1997 – present California US Congressional District 30 (since 2013).tif
31st
Pete Aguilar Official Portrait, 115th Congress.jpg
Pete Aguilar (D - Redlands)
Democratic D+9 January 3, 2015 – present California US Congressional District 31 (since 2013).tif
32nd
Rep-Napolitano.jpg
Grace Napolitano (D-Norwalk)
Democratic D+17 January 3, 1999 – present California US Congressional District 32 (since 2013).tif
33rd
Congressman Ted W. Lieu Official Photo.jpg
Ted Lieu (D-Torrance)
Democratic D+19 January 3, 2015 – present California US Congressional District 33 (since 2013).tif
34th
Jimmy Gomez official portrait (cropped).jpg
Jimmy Gomez (D-Eagle Rock)
Democratic D+34 July 11, 2017 – present California US Congressional District 34 (since 2013).tif
35th
Norma Torres 115th official photo.jpg
Norma Torres (D-Pomona)
Democratic D+17 January 3, 2015 – present California US Congressional District 35 (since 2013).tif
36th
Raul Ruiz, official portrait, 113th congress.jpg
Raul Ruiz (D-Coachella)
Democratic D+4 January 3, 2013 – present California US Congressional District 36 (since 2013).tif
37th
Karen-Bass-2012.jpg
Karen Bass (D-Baldwin Vista)
Democratic D+36 January 3, 2011 – present California US Congressional District 37 (since 2013).tif
38th
Linda Sánchez, 116th Congress, official photo.jpg
Linda Sánchez (D-Whittier)
Democratic D+17 January 3, 2003 – present California US Congressional District 38 (since 2013).tif
39th
Young Kim 117th U.S Congress.jpg
Young Kim (R-La Habra)
Republican D+3 January 3, 2021 – present California US Congressional District 39 (since 2013).tif
40th
Lucille Roybal-Allard official photo.jpg
Lucille Roybal-Allard (D-Downey)
Democratic D+31 January 3, 1993 – present California US Congressional District 40 (since 2013).tif
41st
Mark Takano 113th Congress official photo.jpg
Mark Takano (D-Riverside)
Democratic D+12 January 3, 2013 – present California US Congressional District 41 (since 2013).tif
42nd
Ken Calvert official photo.jpg
Ken Calvert (R-Corona)
Republican R+7 January 3, 1993 – present California US Congressional District 42 (since 2013).tif
43rd
Congresswoman Waters official photo.jpg
Maxine Waters (D-Windsor Square)
Democratic D+29 January 3, 1991 – present California US Congressional District 43 (since 2013).tif
44th
Nanette Barragan official portrait.jpg
Nanette Barragán (D-San Pedro)
Democratic D+32 January 3, 2017 – present California US Congressional District 44 (since 2013).tif
45th
Katie Porter, official portrait, 116th Congress.jpg
Katie Porter (D-Irvine)
Democratic D+3 January 3, 2019 – present California US Congressional District 45 (since 2013).tif
46th
Lou Correa official portrait.jpg
Lou Correa (D-Santa Ana)
Democratic D+16 January 3, 2017 – present California US Congressional District 46 (since 2013).tif
47th
Alan Lowenthal 113th Congress Portrait.jpeg
Alan Lowenthal (D-Long Beach)
Democratic D+14 January 3, 2013 – present California US Congressional District 47 (since 2013).tif
48th
MichelleSteel.jpg
Michelle Steel (R-Surfside)
Republican R+1 January 3, 2021 – present California US Congressional District 48 (since 2013).tif
49th
Mike Levin.jpg
Mike Levin (D-San Juan Capistrano)
Democratic D+4 January 3, 2019 – present California US Congressional District 49 (since 2013).tif
50th
Darrell Issa 117th Congress.jpg
Darrell Issa (R-Bonsall)
Republican R+8 January 3, 2021 – present California US Congressional District 50 (since 2013).tif
51st
Juan Vargas official photo.jpg
Juan Vargas (D-San Diego)
Democratic D+20 January 3, 2013 – present California US Congressional District 51 (since 2013).tif
52nd
Scott Peters official portrait 116th Congress.jpg
Scott Peters (D-La Jolla)
Democratic D+12 January 3, 2013 – present California US Congressional District 52 (since 2013).tif
53rd
Sara Jacobs 117th U.S Congress.jpg
Sara Jacobs (D-Bankers Hill)
Democratic D+17 January 3, 2021 – present California US Congressional District 53 (since 2013).tif

Historical district boundaries

See also

References

  1. ^ Merica, Dan; Stark, Liz (April 26, 2021). "Census Bureau announces 331 million people in US, Texas will add two congressional seats". CNN. Retrieved April 26, 2021. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  2. ^ Mason, Melanie; Mehta, Seema (April 26, 2021). "California to lose a congressional seat, according to new census data". The Los Angeles Times. Retrieved April 26, 2021. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  3. ^ "Supreme Court takes over remapping job". Sacramento Bee. September 26, 1991. Retrieved September 3, 2011.
  4. ^ "Court Remap Plan Could Cut Democrats' Clout in California". Washington Post. December 4, 1991. Retrieved September 3, 2011.
  5. ^ The word "gerrymandering" is replaced with redistricting as the word "gerrymandering" refers, by definition, to the redrawing of districts to the advantage of a single party or for partisan gain
  6. ^ "Latinos May Gain Few Seats in Redistricting; Politics: Their push for more representation in Congress clashes with Democrats' desire to protect incumbents as district boundaries are redrawn". Los Angeles Times. August 26, 2001. Retrieved September 5, 2011.
  7. ^ "Citizens Commission website: background". Archived from the original on September 2, 2011. Retrieved September 3, 2011.
  8. ^ "California Citizens Redistricting Commission | "Fair Representation - Democracy at Work!"".
This page was last edited on 15 May 2021, at 16:10
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