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Calder Publishing

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Calder Publishing
Parent companyAlma Classics
Founded1949
FounderJohn Calder
Country of originUnited Kingdom
Headquarters locationRichmond, London
DistributionMacmillan Distribution[1]
Publication typesBooks
Official websitehttps://almabooks.com/

Calder Publications is a publisher of books. Since 1949, the company has published many books on all the arts, particularly subjects such as opera and painting, the theatre and critical and philosophical theory. Calder's authors have achieved nineteen Nobel Literature Prizes and three for Peace.[citation needed]

History

John Calder started his publishing house in 1949 when manuscripts were plentiful and many books that were in demand were out of print – in the immediate post-war years paper was scarce and severely rationed.

During the 1950s he built up a list of translated classics, which included the works of Chekhov, Tolstoy, Dostoevsky, Goethe and Zola among others.[2] Calder then began to publish American titles.[citation needed] As a result of Senator Joe McCarthy's "witch-hunt" he was able to acquire significant American authors as well as books on issues of civil liberty that mainstream publishers in New York City were afraid to keep on their lists.[citation needed] This led to the development of close ties with those smaller American firms who resisted the McCarthyite pressure.[citation needed]

By the late 1950s, Calder was publishing a group of new writers who would change the face of twentieth-century literature.[citation needed] One of these was Samuel Beckett, all of whose novels, poetry, criticism, and some of his plays were published by Calder.[3] Several writers on the Calder list became synonymous with the school of the "nouveau roman" or "new novel", including Alain Robbe-Grillet, Marguerite Duras, Claude Simon, Nathalie Sarraute and Robert Pinget.[4] Other European novelists, playwrights and poets included Heinrich Böll, Dino Buzzati, Eugène Ionesco, Fernando Arrabal, René de Obaldia, Peter Weiss and Ivo Andric.[2] Calder was soon launching new experimental British writers such as Ann Quin, Alan Burns, Eva Tucker and R. C. Kennedy – who, influenced by their European counterparts, became part of the avant-garde of the early 1960s.[citation needed]

From his experience of authors' tours, John Calder saw that readers much enjoyed hearing authors air their ideas in public – often in heated debate.[citation needed] He persuaded the Edinburgh Festival to stage large literary conferences – the first of their kind – which in 1962 and 1963 were immensely successful.[citation needed] They attracted many of the world's leading writers, as well as others whose names were not yet familiar to the public.[citation needed]

Controversy

Following their visit to Scotland, Calder began to publish the previously banned work of writers Henry Miller and William S. Burroughs.[citation needed] Controversy also surrounded the publication of Alexander Trocchi's Cain's Book, which was a success despite a minor obscenity trial in Sheffield.[citation needed] Hubert Selby's Last Exit to Brooklyn, although well reviewed, had a more serious case brought against it, first in a private prosecution by Tory MP Cyril Black,[5] and then at the Old Bailey.[citation needed] John Mortimer led a successful appeal and the company was vindicated after losing in both lower courts.[5]

Ownership

In 1963 the company changed its name to Calder and Boyars to accommodate a new partner (Marion Boyars, who subsequently founded Marion Boyars Publishers),[6] but the company went back to its original name when the partnership was dissolved in 1975.

In 2007, Calder Publications was acquired by Oneworld Classics, a joint venture between Alma Books and Oneworld Publications. In 2012, Alma Books acquired full ownership of Calder and Oneworld Classics, renaming the latter Alma Classics.[7]

Book series

  • Calderbooks[8]
  • English National Opera Guides
  • European Classics (also known as: Translations of European Classics)[9]
  • German Expressionism
  • German Writing in Translation
  • Illustrated Calderbooks[10]
  • Jupiter Books
  • New Writers
  • Opera Library
  • Profile Books
  • Signature

References

  1. ^ "Macmillan Distribution - Publishers". Retrieved 25 December 2017.
  2. ^ a b Lawless, Jill. "John Calder, British publisher and champion of avant-garde, dies at 91". Washington Post. Retrieved 21 March 2020.
  3. ^ "Nobel Prize to Samuel Beckett", The Guardian, 13 November 1969, p. 8.
  4. ^ Sayers, Stuart (11 February 1984), "Not a man for allowing remainders", The Age, p. 169.
  5. ^ a b Hodgkinson, Will (16 October 2004). "Culture quake: Last Exit to Brooklyn". The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 21 March 2020.
  6. ^ Owen, Peter (2 February 1999). "Marion Boyars obituary: Pioneer publisher of the avant-garde". The Guardian. Retrieved 21 March 2020.
  7. ^ Williams, Charlotte (2 April 2012), "Alma gets classical with 300-strong list", The Bookseller.
  8. ^ Calderbooks (John Calder (Publishers) Ltd.; Calder & Boyars; Calderbooks) - Book Series List, publishinghistory.com. Retrieved 24 April 2020.
  9. ^ European Classics, owu.edu. Retrieved 21 April 2020.
  10. ^ Illustrated Calderbooks (John Calder (Publishers) Ltd.) - Book Series List, publishinghistory.com. Retrieved 25 April 2020.

External links

This page was last edited on 15 April 2022, at 06:43
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