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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

A cabal is a group of people who are united in some close design, usually to promote their private views or interests in an ideology, a state, or another community, often by intrigue and usually unbeknownst to those who are outside their group. The use of this term usually carries negative connotations of political purpose, conspiracy and secrecy.[1][2]

It can also refer to a secret plot or a clique, or it may be used as a verb (to form a cabal or secretly conspire).[1]

Etymology

The term cabal derives from Kabbalah (a word that has numerous spelling variations), the Jewish mystical and spiritual interpretation of the Hebrew scripture (קַבָּלָה). In Hebrew, it means "reception" or "acceptance", denoting the sod (secret) level of Jewish exegesis.[3] In European culture (Christian Cabala, Hermetic Qabalah) it became associated with occult doctrine or a secret.[4]

It came into English via the French cabale from the medieval Latin cabbala, and was known early in the 17th century through usages linked to Charles II and Oliver Cromwell. By the middle of the 17th century, it had developed further to mean some intrigue entered into by a small group and also referred to the group of people so involved, i.e. a semi-secret political clique.[5]

There is a theory that the term took on its present meaning from a group of ministers formed in 1668 - the "Cabal ministry" of King Charles II of England. Members included Sir Thomas Clifford, Lord Arlington, the Duke of Buckingham, Lord Ashley, and Lord Lauderdale, whose initial letters coincidentally spelled CABAL, and who were the signatories of the public Treaty of Dover that allied England to France in a prospective war against the Netherlands, and served as a cover for the Secret Treaty of Dover.[6] The theory that the word originated as an acronym from the names of the group of ministers is a folk etymology, although the coincidence was noted at the time and could possibly have popularized its use.[7]

Usage in the Netherlands

In Dutch, the word "kabaal", also "kabale" or "cabale" was used during the 18th century in the same way. The Friesche Kabaal (The Frisian Cabal) denoted the Frisian pro-Orange nobility which supported the Stadholderate, but also had great influence on Stadtholders Willem IV and Willem V and their regents, and therefore on the matters of state in the Dutch Republic.[8] This influence came to an end when the major Frisian nobles at the court fell out of favor. The word nowadays has the meaning of noise, uproar, racket.[9] It was derived as such from French and mentioned for the first time in 1845.[10] Conspiracy theorists in the Netherlands have begun using the word Cabal to denote a secret worldwide elite organisation.[citation needed]

See also

References

  1. ^ a b "Collins English Dictionary: Cabal". Retrieved 2018-05-01.
  2. ^ "Wordpandit: Cabal". Retrieved 2018-05-01.
  3. ^ "Judaism 101: Kabbalah and Jewish Mysticism". www.jewfaq.org. Retrieved 2018-02-08.
  4. ^ Dan, Joseph (2007). Kabbalah : a very short introduction. New York, NY: Oxford University Press. p. 67. ISBN 9780195327052. OCLC 60664380.
  5. ^ "World Wide Words: Cabal". Archived from the original on 2018-05-01. Retrieved 2018-05-01.
  6. ^ Durant, Will and Ariel. The Age of Louis XIV. (page 277) New York: Simon And Schuster, 1963.
  7. ^ Girdlestone, Henry Clapcott (1926). Europe: Its Influence on South Africa (11th impression, revised & enlarged by Cecil Lewis ed.). Cape Town: Juta & Co. p. 178.
  8. ^ see nl:Fries_Cabaal
  9. ^ see nl:kabaal
  10. ^ Kabaal in: DBnl.org

External links

  • The dictionary definition of Cabalism at Wiktionary
  • Quotations related to cabalism at Wikiquote
This page was last edited on 8 January 2021, at 03:07
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