To install click the Add extension button. That's it.

The source code for the WIKI 2 extension is being checked by specialists of the Mozilla Foundation, Google, and Apple. You could also do it yourself at any point in time.

Kelly Slayton
Congratulations on this excellent venture… what a great idea!
Alexander Grigorievskiy
I use WIKI 2 every day and almost forgot how the original Wikipedia looks like.
Live Statistics
English Articles
Improved in 24 Hours
Added in 24 Hours
What we do. Every page goes through several hundred of perfecting techniques; in live mode. Quite the same Wikipedia. Just better.

CEO of public schools

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

A Chief Executive Officer of public schools, or a CEO of schools is an educational professional who is responsible for the administration of a public school district. Similarly to a receiver, CEOs replace traditional superintendents in managing the daily operations of struggling school districts in an attempt to improve failing schools. With the introduction of private market ideas into the school system, CEOs are generally given unilateral power to enact necessary reforms. This concept was first introduced by the Chicago Public School System in 1995.

Function and purpose

The functions of the CEO vary from school district to school district. Whereas the CEO mostly replaces both the roles of the school board and superintendent,[1] other school districts place the CEO below the superintendent and grant power over the day-to-day operations.[2] In Chicago, the CEO has the power to appoint the school board.[3] However, in other school districts with elected school boards, the CEO is often appointed in spite of the board.[4] Using a CEO in a public school system mirrors the typical structure of a charter school which, perhaps, serves as the inspiration for using a CEO of a public school.[5]

Comparison to superintendents

A CEO is different from a superintendent in that the CEO of schools has total control over every decision made by a school district;[6] the CEO decides what rights, if any, are delegated to the board of education.[7] A CEO of Schools often needs no background in education.[1] The goal of implementing a CEO of schools is to remove power from School Boards of ineffective school districts and replace with an individual to bring private market business ideas to the education system. It is a way to address the inequality of public schools and attempt to raise failing schools to a functional level.

Historical development

The first school district in the nation to appoint a CEO was the Chicago Public School district, who appointed Paul Vallas as CEO in 1995.[8] Baltimore implemented reforms to its school system in 1997 which led to the appointment of a CEO.[9] Cleveland soon followed suit by appointing Barbara Byrd-Bennett as CEO under Mayoral Control in 1998.[10]


The appointment of CEO has proven controversial in some instances. The attempt to appoint a CEO of the Youngstown, Ohio school system has been met with a lawsuit.[11] The lawsuit was unsuccessful.[12] Proponents argue that, by removing local control and placing it in the hands of a CEO, it creates a more efficient system which can turn around the school system.[13] Opponents argue that it strips local control and accountability from the management of the school systems.[14]

Another controversy has centered around Barbara Byrd-Bennett, the former CEO of Chicago Public Schools and later Cleveland Metropolitan School District. Byrd-Bennett was the subject of a 23-count federal indictment accusing her of executing a scheme to give a $20-million no-bid contract in return for a kick-back.[15] She entered a guilty plea on October 13, 2015.[16]

Barbara Byrd-Bennett Indictment

Examples of CEOs of schools

  • The Baltimore City Public School System installed Dr. Gregory E. Thornton as CEO for the 2014-2015 school year.[17] Of note, Dr. Thornton has taken an approach which has restored funding for the arts and reduced school suspensions.[17]
  • The Chicago Public Schools The CEO of Schools is Forrest Claypool.[8] The system implemented by Paul Vallas utilized quantitative metrics by which both students and schools were evaluated; under-performing students were held back and under-performing schools were placed on probation.[18] This resulted in the closure of 82 under-performing schools, replaced by 116 new schools.[18]
  • The Cleveland Metropolitan School District installed Eric Gordon as CEO in 2011.[6][19] Mr. Gordon has implemented a "Humanware" Initiative which seeks to improve "student safety, support, and social and emotional development."[19] Cleveland had the lowest graduation rate of urban school districts in the country as of 2006.[20]
  • The CEO of Minneapolis Public Schools, Michael Goar, served below the Superintendent before being promoted to superintendent.[2] As a sign of the struggles of the school district, African American male students only had a literacy rate of 20%.[21]
  • School District of Philadelphia appointed a CEO in the year 2000.[22]
  • The CEO of Youngstown City School District and Ohio Governor John Kasich signed a bill creating the position of CEO of the Youngstown City School District.[1] The School District sued to overturn the Bill and prevent the appointment of a CEO.[4] The litigation is ongoing and the State of Ohio filed a Motion to Dismiss.[23]


  1. ^ a b c Cotterman, Danielle. "Gov. Kasich signs bill for Youngstown Schools CEO". Retrieved 2015-10-04.
  2. ^ a b "Meet new leader of Minneapolis Public Schools - Interim Superintendent Michael Goar". KARE. Retrieved 2015-10-08.
  3. ^ "Elected or appointed? Pick your poison for Chicago Board of Ed". Crain's Chicago Business. Retrieved 2015-10-08.
  4. ^ a b "Youngstown school district sues to block new CEO and state's surprise takeover plan". Retrieved 2015-10-04.
  5. ^ NYC Charter Schools, Building the Foundation for an Effective Charter School Governing Board, accessed 10/8/2015,
  6. ^ a b "CEO / About the CEO". Retrieved 2015-10-04.
  7. ^ "Ohio Senate passes plan to have CEO run Youngstown schools". Retrieved 2015-10-04.
  8. ^ a b Schools, Chicago Public. "Forrest Claypool Chief Executive Officer". Retrieved 2016-03-31.
  9. ^ "100 Years: The State Takes Over City Schools". Baltimore magazine. Archived from the original on 2016-04-14. Retrieved 2015-10-29.
  10. ^ "CPS : Leadership : Barbara Byrd Bennett". Retrieved 2015-10-08.
  11. ^ "Senator Schiavoni Comments On Lawsuit To Stop CEO Takeover Of Youngstown Schools". The Ohio Senate. Archived from the original on 2016-03-04. Retrieved 2015-10-20.
  12. ^ WYTV Staff. "Judge allows Youngstown schools state-takeover bill to stand". Retrieved 2015-12-07.
  13. ^ Sess, Dave. "Kasich defends decision to appoint CEO to run Youngstown schools". Retrieved 2015-10-20.
  14. ^ "Representative Lepore-Hagan And Senator Schiavoni Announce Bill To Improve Youngstown Schools October 16, 2015 | Minority Caucus | The Ohio House of Representatives". Retrieved 2015-10-20.
  15. ^ "Barbara Byrd-Bennett Articles, Photos, and Videos - Chicago Tribune". Retrieved 2015-12-07.
  16. ^ "Former Chicago/Cleveland schools CEO Barbara Byrd-Bennett's legal issues may be far from over". Crain's Cleveland Business. Retrieved 2015-12-07.
  17. ^ a b "District Office Directory / About the CEO". Archived from the original on 2016-11-13. Retrieved 2015-10-04.
  18. ^ a b "Reform Before the Storm: A Timeline of the Chicago Public Schools". Retrieved 2015-10-04.
  19. ^ a b "Cleveland Metropolitan School District". CASEL. Retrieved 2015-10-04.
  20. ^ Hoyle, John; Collier, Virginia (November 2006). "Urban CEO Superintendents' Alternative Strategy in Reducing School Dropouts". Education and Urban Society. 39: 69–90. doi:10.1177/0013124506291983.
  21. ^ "After years of talk, MPS takes decisive action on the achievement gap". MinnPost. Retrieved 2015-10-08.
  22. ^ "National News Briefs; Philadelphia School Chief Ends Tenure of 6 Years". The New York Times. 2000-08-15. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2015-10-29.
  23. ^ WKBN Staff. "State files motion to dismiss Youngstown School District lawsuit". Retrieved 2015-10-04.
This page was last edited on 20 August 2021, at 03:50
Basis of this page is in Wikipedia. Text is available under the CC BY-SA 3.0 Unported License. Non-text media are available under their specified licenses. Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc. WIKI 2 is an independent company and has no affiliation with Wikimedia Foundation.