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20th Century Home Entertainment

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

20th Century Home Entertainment
20th Century Home Entertainment
  • 20th Century-Fox Video (1982)
  • CBS/Fox Video (1982–2001)
  • Fox Video (1991–1998)
  • 20th Century Fox Home Entertainment (1995–2020)
IndustryHome video
PredecessorMagnetic Video (1968–1982)
Founded1982; 41 years ago (1982)
ProductsHome video
ParentWalt Disney Studios Home Entertainment
Website20th Century Studios Movies
Footnotes / references

20th Century Home Entertainment[2][3] (previously known as 20th Century Fox Home Entertainment) is a home video brand label of Walt Disney Studios Home Entertainment that distributes films produced by 20th Century Studios, Searchlight Pictures, and 20th Century Animation, and television series by 20th Television, Searchlight Television, 20th Television Animation, and FX Productions in home entertainment formats.

Established in 1982, it served as its own distinct home video distribution arm of Fox Entertainment Group. On March 20, 2019, The Walt Disney Company acquired 21st Century Fox, and as a result, 20th Century Home Entertainment's operations were folded into Disney's own home entertainment division. It now operates as a brand label of Walt Disney Studios Home Entertainment and also releases titles from other third-party studios it has prior distribution deals with.

Prior to 1982, from 1976 to 1982, the video distribution arm had been under a deal with a home entertainment company called Magnetic Video. Disregarding the dissolution of Magnetic Video into 20th Century-Fox Video, the video distribution arm had been in the videocassette business in North America from 1976 to 2005, and have been in the videodisc business since 1981, when Magnetic Video Corporation began releasing their titles to the newly discovered LaserDisc format. 20th Century Fox was not the only film company under the Magnetic Video deal, but other companies such as Paramount Pictures, United Artists and Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer had been serving in the business under their parent distribution companies, United Artists and Viacom International. Magnetic also had been releasing titles from ABC Pictures International and Avco-Embassy, as well as older films with the Estate of Charles Chaplin. United Artists had also released their library of films released by Warner Bros. Pictures during the 1920s-1940s, through Magnetic Video.

YouTube Encyclopedic

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  • Almost Home | Short | DreamWorks Animation
  • 20th Century Fox (The Simpsons DVD Variant) (w/o Bandicam Watermark)
  • 20th Century Fox's 75th Anniversary synchs to DreamWorks Animation SKG (2010) | SS #66
  • 20th Century Fox Home Entertainment (2010-2013) Super Open Matte
  • 20th Century Fox (2012) synchs to Walt Disney Animation Studios | VR #155/SS #229



20th Century-Fox Video (1982)

20th Century-Fox Video logo.

In March 1979, 20th Century-Fox acquired Magnetic Video Corporation, a small independent home video distributor founded by Andre Blay and Leon Nicholson that was based in Farmington Hills, Michigan, after a previous relationship with the company. In 1982, Fox renamed Magnetic Video Corporation to 20th Century-Fox Video and continued to be headquartered in Farmington Hills, Michigan.[4][5] However, Blay was forced out at the time, with Telecommunications division president and CEO Steve Roberts taking charge of TCF Video.[5]

During this time, 20th Century-Fox Video released a few titles for rental only, including Dr. No, A Fistful of Dollars, Rocky, Taps, For Your Eyes Only, Omen III: The Final Conflict, Chu Chu and the Philly Flash, La Cage aux Folles II, and Star Wars. While sale tapes were in big boxes that were later used by CBS/Fox in its early years (dubbed "Fox Boxes" by VHS collectors), Video Rental Library tapes were packaged in black clamshell cases. Similar approaches were taken by other companies; however, none lasted long.

CBS/Fox Video/FoxVideo (1982-2001)

CBS/Fox Video
CBS/Fox Video
TypeJoint venture
IndustryHome video
Predecessors20th Century-Fox Video
CBS Video Enterprises
FoundedJune 1982 (1982-06)
Defunct2001 (2001)
Successors20th Century Fox Home Entertainment
Walt Disney Studios Home Entertainment
CBS Home Entertainment
Paramount Home Entertainment
Area served
ProductsHome media
OwnersCBS Inc. (50%)
20th Century Fox (50%)
Footnotes / references

In June 1982, 20th Century Fox entered into a joint venture with CBS to form CBS/Fox Video; Roberts remained head of the joint-venture, but was replaced as president in January 1983 by a former Columbia Pictures executive, Larry Hilford. Hilford had been a verbal critic of the video rental business, but with the situation out of their control, he attempted to make the situation work for them. CBS/Fox and other home video units increased prices of the cassettes by around 67% to maximize income. They also moved to encourage customer purchasing instead of renting. As a part of that, CBS/Fox looked to existing retail chains for direct sales. Toys R Us and Child World signed the first direct deals in July 1985 with CBS/Fox. Walt Disney Home Video soon followed with a direct deal with Toys R Us.[5]

During this period, two sub-labels of the company were created. The first was Key Video, launched in April 1984, structured as a separate company but utilizing the CBS/Fox sales and marketing arms; Key's remit was to exploit catalog titles (from both CBS and Fox as well as other companies whose catalogs CBS/Fox had access to at the time, including Lorimar, ITC and United Artists) targeted towards collectors and longer shelf life than other titles (later expanded to include acquired titles and non-theatrical programming from outside CBS/Fox, primarily B-movies). Key's offerings were often, though not always, priced for sale at cheaper rates than mainstream CBS/Fox titles.[6] The other was Playhouse Video, launched in February 1985 (replacing the short-lived CBS/Fox Children's Video label) and run in a similar fashion to Key Video, with am emphasis on children's and family titles, including those of The Muppets and content from CBS (including the Dr. Seuss specials owned by the network and Peanuts movies and specials).[7] Both of these labels were rendered inactive by 1991; under Fox, the Key Video name (later renamed to Key DVD) made a brief comeback in the 2000s.

In March 1991, a reorganization of the company was made, which would give Fox greater control of the joint venture. All of CBS/Fox's distribution functions were transferred to the newly formed FoxVideo, which would also take over exclusive distribution of all 20th Century Fox products. CBS began releasing their products under the "CBS Video" name (which had been sparingly used since the 1970s), with CBS/Fox handling marketing and Fox Video handling distribution. CBS/Fox would retain the license to non-theatrical products from third parties, including those from BBC Video and the NBA.[8][9]

Fox Video was run by president Bob DeLellis, a 1984 hire at CBS/Fox who had risen to group vice president and president by 1991. With expected repeat viewing, FoxVideo dropped prices on family films starting in June 1991 with Home Alone at a suggested list price of $24.98, to encourage purchasing over rental.[5]

Bill Mechanic's arrival in 1993 from Walt Disney Home Video, as the new head of Fox Filmed Entertainment, saw new plans to move Fox forward, including Fox Video. However, DeLellis was initially left alone, as Mechanic was occupied setting up multiple creative divisions within Fox. Mechanic had been the one to install the "Vault" moratorium strategy at Disney. Mrs. Doubtfire was released soon after Mechanic's arrival with a sell through price, and surpassed sale projections at 10 million tapes.[5]

20th Century Fox Home Entertainment (1995-2020)

20th Century Fox Home Entertainment logo from 1995-2020.

The company was renamed 20th Century Fox Home Entertainment on March 16, 1995,[10] after Fox Entertainment Group acquired CBS's interest in CBS/Fox. The reorganization also created additional distribution operations (Fox Kids Video, CBS Video, and CBS/Fox Video) and two new media units, Fox Interactive and Magnet Interactive Studios. Total revenue for the expanded business unit would have been over $800 million, with FoxVideo providing the bulk at $650 million. Mechanic kept DeLellis as president of the expanded unit's North American operation, with Jeff Yap as international president. By May 1995, Fox had Magnet under a worldwide label deal for 10 to 12 titles through 1996. TCFHE would also be responsible for DVD when they hit the market.[11] Mechanic had Fox Home Entertainment institute the moratorium strategy with the August 1995 release of the three original Star Wars movies giving them a sales window before going off the market forever; four months for New Hope, and until the fall of 1997 for The Empire Strikes Back and Return of the Jedi. Sales topped 30 million copies over expectations. The company's 1996 release of Independence Day sold 18 million units, making it the industry's bestselling live-action home video release.[5]

In 1996, Fox Kids Network merged with Saban Entertainment to form Fox Kids Worldwide, which included the Marvel Productions and Marvel Films Animation library.[12][13][14] Shortly afterwards, Saban terminated its deal with WarnerVision Entertainment, and decided that they would move itself to TCFHE.[15]

With the May 1997 departure of DeLellis, a quick rotation of presidents lead Fox Home Entertainment: Yapp for four months before he left to lead Hollywood Video, then an interim president—Pat Wyatt, head of 20th Century Fox Licensing & Merchandising, who assumed the post in September 1997. With DVD being a Warner Home Video property, the company did not initially issue DVDs; instead, Fox advocated for digital VHS tapes (which eventually emerged as the obscure D-Theater), then the disposable DIVX. DIVX was a DVD variant that had limited viewing time, launched by the Circuit City consumer electronics chain in June 1998. With DVD's low cost at $20 and DIVX at $4.50, and the desirability for consumers to own DVDs, the DVD format won quickly out over DIVX. News Corp. chief Rupert Murdoch wanted a deal with Time Warner Cable, as to secure a lower channel position for the then-new Fox Family Channel, so Mechanic adopted the DVD format to smooth the deal.[5]

By 1998, Wyatt became permanent president of 20th Century Fox Home Entertainment. Wyatt then became head of Fox Consumer Products, which put together the video and licensing unit. Wyatt had to drop the licensing half eventually, as the home video unit boomed. DVD sales were so strong during this period that they factored into green-lighting theatrical films. Wyatt reorganized Fox Home Entertainment, and forged a partnership with replicator Cinram. Being ahead of the other studios, TCFHE began picking up additional outside labels as distribution clients, with their fees covering the company's overhead. Fox Home Entertainment won multiple Vendor of the Year awards. Wyatt's system was a great edge for years. The TV-on-DVD business was initiated by Wyatt through the release of whole seasons of The X-Files, The Simpsons and 24, which started the binge-watching concept. However, the videocassette rental business was declining such that video rental chains signed revenue-sharing deals with the studios, so additional copies of hits could be brought in for a lower price, and share sales for more customer satisfaction.[5]

Mechanic left Fox in June 2000, while Wyatt resigned in December 2002. Jim Gianopulos replaced Mechanic, while executive vice president of domestic marketing and sales, Mike Dunn, took over from Wyatt. Wyatt left to start a direct-to-video film production and financing company for Japanese-style animated programming.[5]

In 2001, The Walt Disney Company acquired Fox Family Worldwide, which included the Fox Family Channel, the Fox Kids brand and Saban Entertainment.[16] A year later in 2002, Saban became BVS Entertainment and its titles transferred to Buena Vista Home Entertainment for distribution.

In 2004, 20th Century Fox passed on theatrical distribution, but picked up domestic home video rights to The Passion of the Christ. Passion sold 15 million DVDs. TCFHE continued obtaining additional Christian films' domestic home video rights for movies like Mother Teresa and the Beyond the Gates of Splendor documentary. After a 2005 test with a Fox Faith website, in 2006, 20th Century Fox Home Entertainment launched its own film production banner for religious films using the same name.[17]

Effective October 1, 2005, 20th Century Fox Scandinavia was split into two, 20th Century Fox Theatrical Sweden and 20th Century Fox Home Entertainment Scandinavia. For the Home Entertainment Scandinavia division, Peter Paumgardhen was appointed managing director and would report to senior vice president of 20th Century Fox Home Entertainment Europe Gary Ferguson.[18]

By 2005, DVD was on the decline and the rise of HDTVs required a new, high-resolution format; Fox and half the studios backed Blu-ray, while the other half backed HD DVD, and some planned to issue releases in both formats. In late 2006, the company began releasing its titles on Blu-ray.[19] Blu-ray won the format war in 2008, but with streaming services picking up in popularity and the Great Recession, the expected rebound in disc sales never happened.[5] In 2006, animation studio DIC Entertainment struck a deal with the studio to release DiC content on DVD.[20]

With Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer (MGM) moving its home video distribution to TCFHE in 2006, by this time the company had moved into second place behind Warner Bros. and ahead of Walt Disney, and had its best year yet. In October, Fox Home Entertainment issued the first to include a digital copy along on a disc with the special-edition DVD of Live Free or Die Hard. The 2010 Blu-ray release of Avatar was the year's top-selling title and the top Blu-ray Disc seller, with 5 million units sold. In 2011, Fox released on Blu-ray Disc the full Star Wars double trilogy on 9 discs, a premium set selling 1 million units its first week in stores, generating $84 million in gross sales.[5]

Variant introduced in 2010, usually shown on screen. This logo was also used in tandem with the 1995 logo until 2020.

In response to Warner Bros., Sony and MGM issuing manufactured-on-demand lines of no-frills DVD-R editions of older films in May 2012, TCFHE began its Cinema Archives series. By November 2012, the archive series had released 100 movies.[21] Fox Home Entertainment also started the early window policy, where the digital version is released through digital retailers two or three weeks before the discs, and was launched with Prometheus in September 2012. This also started Fox's Digital HD program where customers could download or stream 600 Fox films on connected devices at less than $15/film through multiple major platforms. However, Digital HD was soon dropped as 4K, or Ultra HD, was introduced in 2012. In 2014, a high-tech think tank, Fox Innovation Lab, was formed under 20th Century Fox Home Entertainment.[5]

In September 2015, the first Ultra HD Blu-ray player was introduced, leading TCFHE to have future movies released the same day in Ultra HD Blu-ray as regular Blu-ray and DVD. The first Ultra HD Blu-ray films were released in March 2016, with Fox being one of four studios involved; Fox had had the most titles with 10.[5]

Dunn added another title in December 2016: president of product strategy and consumer business development. Dunn turned over TCFHE in March 2017 to Keith Feldman taking over his older title, president of worldwide home entertainment. Feldman was previously president of worldwide home entertainment distribution, and, before that, president of international.[5]

20th Century Home Entertainment (Disney acquisition) (2020-present)

In December 2017, the acquisition of 21st Century Fox by The Walt Disney Company was proposed. After approval was given, Disney acquired most of 21st Century Fox's entertainment assets on March 20, 2019, including Twentieth Century Fox Home Entertainment.

On January 17, 2020, Disney retired the "Fox" name from several of the acquired 21st Century Fox assets (to avoid confusion with Fox Corporation), including the renaming of Twentieth Century Fox Home Entertainment as 20th Century Home Entertainment.[22] Disney also folded 20th Century Home Entertainment into their existing Walt Disney Studios Home Entertainment division to be used solely as a brand label to distribute films and television series by 20th Century Studios, Searchlight Pictures, 20th Television, 20th Century Animation, Searchlight Television, 20th Television Animation, and FX Productions. Additionally, the 20th Century Studios logo now serves as the all-encompassing logo for 20th Century Home Entertainment.

Catalog library

20th Century Home Entertainment is used as the home video label for products released under the 20th Century Studios, Searchlight Pictures, 20th Century Animation, 20th Century Family, 20th Television, 20th Television Animation and FX Productions banners. 20th Century's best selling DVD titles are the various season box sets of The Simpsons.[23]

Distribution agreements

Annapurna Pictures

20th Century Home Entertainment distributes films for Annapurna Pictures, as part of a distribution pact which began in July 2017.[24][25]


Since July 1993, Fox's Home video operations in France have operated as a joint-venture. Originally, the joint-venture was between Fox, Pathé and Le Studio Canal+, titled PFC Video (Pathé Fox Canal).[26] In January 2001, StudioCanal exited the venture to start distributing releases through then-sister company Universal Studios Home Video (later switching to self-distributing their releases), and EuropaCorp joined the joint-venture, which was renamed to Fox Pathé Europa.[27] The fate of the venture is currently unknown after the purchase of Fox from Disney, as Pathé currently self-distribute their home video releases.

From 1995-2021, Fox has also been the home video and digital distributor of Guild/Pathé's movies in the United Kingdom as well, after the latter entered into the 50-50 rental joint venture with Fox's UK branch, Fox would also take over retail distribution of Guild products from Polygram Video, the 50-50 rental joint venture would be named Fox Guild Home Entertainment.[28] After Pathé retired the Guild name in 1998, The 50-50 rental joint venture was renamed to Fox Pathé Home Entertainment. This physical and digital agreement later briefly carried over to Walt Disney Studios Home Entertainment before expiring on June 30, 2021, after Pathé signed a new partnership deal with Warner Bros. Entertainment UK.

American Greetings

In 2003, Fox signed a home video deal with American Greetings to distribute Strawberry Shortcake in association with DIC Entertainment on VHS and DVD. The show was based on the Strawberry Shortcake franchise from American Greetings. The sales of the franchise became successful in 2006.

In 2007, to commemorate with the successful sales of Strawberry Shortcake. American Greetings signed another deal with Fox. The new deal also included the Care Bears and Sushi Pack franchises.[29] In 2009, American Greetings moved distribution to Lionsgate Home Entertainment.[30] Though an exception was made with Strawberry Shortcake, of which it remained with Fox, as it was a prior deal made in 2003 where American Greetings signed a deal with Fox to distribute the franchise.

Paramount Global

In 2013, 20th Century Fox Home Entertainment partnered with Paramount Home Media Distribution to form Fox-Paramount Home Entertainment in Nordic territories. In 2020, the company was shut down.


In 1999, after ending their worldwide deal with Warner Home Video, MGM signed a deal with Fox to release MGM's films outside of North America.[31][32][33]

In May 2003, MGM reinstated full distribution rights to their products in regions like Australia, France, Germany and the United Kingdom, although Fox would continue to distribute for MGM in a majority of developing regions.[34]

In 2006, MGM signed a worldwide distribution deal with Fox, reinstating the rights internationally.[5] TCFHE and MGM renewed their home video distribution deal in 2011 and June 2016, and it expired on June 30, 2020,[33] with Warner Bros. Home Entertainment taking over afterwards. As of 2021, Studio Distribution Services, LLC., a joint venture between Warner Bros. Home Entertainment and Universal Pictures Home Entertainment, distributes in North America, with releases alternating between the two companies.[35][36][37]

Entertainment One

After a prior home entertainment distribution arrangement for Australia and Spain, in February 2016, Entertainment One (eOne) and 20th Century Fox Home Entertainment signed a new multi-territory distribution agreement. The agreement called for a distribution joint venture in Canada. In the UK, Ireland, the Netherlands, Belgium, Luxembourg, Spain and Australia, Fox would manage eOne's existing home video distribution.[38]

In March 2019, after the purchase of Fox by Disney, Entertainment One ended their deal with Fox and signed a multinational distribution deal with Universal Pictures Home Entertainment shortly after.[39]

Other US agreements

In the United States, the company also distributed products from Relativity Media, EuropaCorp U.S.A. and Yari Film Group.

CBS/Fox Video also once served as a distributor for television and film products released by BBC Video in the United States until these rights expired on June 30, 2000 and wasn't renewed. On June 28, 2000, BBC Worldwide Americas announced a new partnership with Warner Home Video that would begin effectively on July 1, 2000, excluding the release of Walking with Dinosaurs, which was instead transferred over from CBS/Fox to Warner on September 1, 2000.[40]

In 2006, animation studio DIC Entertainment struck a deal with Fox to release DIC content on DVD. [41][42] The distribution deal continued with Cookie Jar Group after its purchase of DIC in 2008.[43][44] Cookie Jar's deal with Fox ended in 2009.

Also in 2006, Fox contracted with UK based production company HIT Entertainment for DVD distribution in the US after it closed its DVD sales and distribution arm in the US.[45] In 2008, the distribution deal ended and HIT's titles transferred to Lionsgate Home Entertainment.[46] Despite the US deals, HIT continued to sell and distribute its own DVD output in the UK.[citation needed]

In 2008, WWE Studios signed a deal with 20th Century Fox, allowing it to distribute one theatrical title and four direct-to-video titles annually.[47]

In 2013, DreamWorks Animation as part of a contract with 20th Century Fox for distributing its movies.[48] 20th Century Fox Home Entertainment released DWA's movies on DVD and Blu-ray. Fox's rights with DreamWorks ended in 2017 after the release of Captain Underpants: The First Epic Movie. Following DWA's acquisition by NBCUniversal in 2016,[49][50] DreamWorks transferred its home entertainment rights to its movies to Universal Pictures Home Entertainment.

Other European agreements

In Italy, 20th Century Fox Home Entertainment has distributed several titles from Delta Pictures, Mediafilm and Audiovisivi San Paolo.


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External links

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