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Câmpulung County

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Județul Câmpulung
County (Județ)
Câmpulung County prefecture building of the interwar period, currently used as a museum.
Câmpulung County prefecture building of the interwar period, currently used as a museum.
Coat of arms of Județul Câmpulung
Romania 1930 county Campulung.png
Country
Flag of Romania.svg
Romania
Historic regionBukovina
Capital city (Reședință de județ)Câmpulung Moldovenesc
Established1925
Ceased to existAdministrative reform of 1950
Area
 • Total2,349 km2 (907 sq mi)
Population
 (1930)
 • Total94,816
Time zoneUTC+2 (EET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+3 (EEST)

Câmpulung County is one of the historic counties of the Kingdom of Romania, in the historical region of Bukovina. The county seat was Câmpulung Moldovenesc.[1]

Geography

Câmpulung County covered 2,349 km2[1] and was located in the northern part of Greater Romania, in the southern part of Bukovina. Currently, the territory that comprised Câmpulung County is now included at present in Suceava County. In the interwar period, the county was bordered by Rădăuți County to the north, Suceava County to the east, Baia County to the southeast, Neamț and Mureș Counties to the south, and Năsăud County to the west.[1]

History

Câmpulung County as constituted in 1928
Câmpulung County as constituted in 1928

After World War I, the territory of the county along with most of Transylvania was transferred from Austria-Hungary to Romania. This transfer was confirmed in the 1920 Treaty of Trianon. Based on the 1923 Romanian Constitution and the Law of Administrative Unification of 1925, Câmpulung County was established, with its capital at Câmpulung Moldovenesc. In 1938, the county was disestablished and incorporated into the newly formed Ținutul Suceava,[2] but it was re-established in 1940 after the fall of Carol II's regime. In World War II, the county was invaded and occupied by Soviet forces.

Following the administrative and territorial reform of 1950, made after the Soviet model, all counties were abolished and regions and districts established.[2] The territory of the county then became part of Suceava Region. On 17 February 1968 the administrative and territorial divisions were returned to counties, but Câmpulung County was not re-established.

Administrative organization

Map of Câmpulung County as constituted in 1938.
Map of Câmpulung County as constituted in 1938.

Administratively, Câmpulung County was originally divided into three districts (plăși):[1]

  1. Plasa Dorna, headquartered at Vatra Dornei
  2. Plasa Humor, headquartered at Gura Humorului
  3. Plasa Moldova, headquartered at Câmpulung Moldovenesc

Later, a fourth district was carved out from Plasa Moldova:

  1. Plasa Moldovița, headquartered at Vama

There were four urban localities in the county: Câmpulung Moldovenesc, Vatra Dornei, Gura Humorului, and Vama.

Population

According to the 1930 census data, the county population was 94,816, ethnically divided among Romanians (61.3%), Germans (20.2%), Jews (8.2%), Ukrainians (6.7%), Poles (1.8%), as well as other minorities.[3] From the religious point of view, the population consisted of Eastern Orthodox (68.2%), Roman Catholic (16.9%), Jewish (8.2%), Lutheran (5.5%), as well as other minorities.[4]

Urban population

The four urban localities of the county as of the 1930 census were: Câmpulung Moldovenesc (population 10,071), Vatra Dornei (9,826), Gura Humorului (6,042), and Vama (5,315).

In 1930, the county's urban population was 31,254, ethnically divided among Romanians (56.3%), Germans (22.6%), Jews (17.9%), Poles (1.5%), as well as other minorities.[3] From the religious point of view, the urban population consisted of 55.6% Eastern Orthodox, 19.4% Roman Catholic, 17.9% Jewish, 5.2% Lutheran, 1.6% Greek Catholic, as well as other minorities.[4]

References

  1. ^ a b c d "Portretul României interbelice - Județul Câmpulung" (in Romanian). memoria.ro. Retrieved 17 August 2016.
  2. ^ a b "Organizarea administrativ-teritorială a României 1864-1989" (in Romanian). bzf.ro. 7 May 2013. Archived from the original on 29 September 2014. Retrieved 17 August 2016.
  3. ^ a b Recensământul general al populației României din 29 decemvrie 1930, Vol. II, pag. 114-115
  4. ^ a b Recensământul general al populației României din 29 decemvrie 1930, Vol. II, pag. 578

External links

This page was last edited on 15 January 2021, at 06:04
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