To install click the Add extension button. That's it.

The source code for the WIKI 2 extension is being checked by specialists of the Mozilla Foundation, Google, and Apple. You could also do it yourself at any point in time.

Kelly Slayton
Congratulations on this excellent venture… what a great idea!
Alexander Grigorievskiy
I use WIKI 2 every day and almost forgot how the original Wikipedia looks like.
Live Statistics
English Articles
Improved in 24 Hours
Added in 24 Hours
Show all languages
What we do. Every page goes through several hundred of perfecting techniques; in live mode. Quite the same Wikipedia. Just better.

By Candlelight

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

By Candlelight
"By Candlelight" (1933).jpg
U.S. theatrical poster
Directed byJames Whale
Written byRuth Cummings
F. Hugh Herbert
Hans Kraly (adaptation)
Karen DeWolf (additional dialogue)
Based onCandle Light
by Karl Farkas and Siegfried Geyer [de]
Produced byCarl Laemmle, Jr.
StarringElissa Landi
Paul Lukas
Nils Asther
Dorothy Revier
CinematographyJohn J. Mescall
Edited byTed Kent
David Berg (uncredited)
Distributed byUniversal Pictures
Release date
  • December 18, 1933 (1933-12-18) (United States)
Running time
70 min.
CountryUnited States

By Candlelight is a 1933 American pre-Code comedy film directed by James Whale. The film is based on the Austrian play Candle Light by Siegfried Geyer [de] and Karl Farkas, which was adapted to the English-speaking stage by P. G. Wodehouse.[1] The film stars Elissa Landi, Paul Lukas, Nils Asther, and Dorothy Revier. A musical version adapted by Rowland Leigh, Cole Porter, Robert Katscher [de] and Edwin Gilbert premiered in 1938 under the title You Never Know, but was a critical and box office flop that closed after only 78 performances.


During a European train journey, a nobleman's butler Josef (Paul Lukas) is mistaken for his employer Prince Alfred von Romer (Nils Asther) by a beautiful woman, Marie (Elissa Landi), and he does nothing to disillusion her. In due course, the Prince himself arrives and is mistaken for his servant.


Critical reception

The New York Times originally ran a review that called By Candlelight "a pleasantly amusing diversion. It is shallow and somewhat obvious in spots, but its little intrigue is set forth with admirable cunning by James Whale and others...The audience yesterday afternoon chuckled with glee when the Prince in brass buttons brought in the champagne, doing the butler's duties in a meticulous fashion."[1]

In a retrospective review, Dave Kehr of The Chicago Reader described By Candlelight as "a forgotten effort by cult director James Whale" but recommended the film, arguing that "sophisticated comedy, not horror, was probably Whale’s real forte."[2]

Jim Hoberman of The Village Voice concurred, writing that "Whale specialized in comedy as well as horror. Blithely pre-Code, By Candlelight is an upstairs-downstairs bedroom farce, predicated on class privilege and mistaken identity. Where Lubitsch might have been suave; Whale skews the action towards hysteria."[3]

TV Guide called it a "pleasant comedy given a sparkling look by talented, classy director Whale";[4] while Allmovie wrote, "By Candlelight is chock full of delightfully double-entendre pre-Code dialogue and dextrous directorial touches."[5] The Radio Times said "Universal studios' James Whale, the star director of its famous horror cycle, trespasses here on territory more generally associated with Paramount and Ernst Lubitsch. While not quite up to the rival studio's standard of sophisticated romantic comedies peopled by aristocrats, this is a more than respectably assembled film, well directed and well acted, particularly by Lukas."[6]

Radio adaptation

A one-hour radio adaptation was presented on Lux Radio Theatre on June 9, 1935, featuring Robert Montgomery and Irene Purcell.[7]

External links


  1. ^ a b "Movie Review - By Candlelight - Elissa Landi and Paul Lukas in a Light and Amiable Tale of a Butler's Deception". The New York Times. January 6, 1934. Retrieved July 24, 2015.
  2. ^ Kehr, Dave (April 24, 2008). "By Candlelight". The Chicago Reader. Retrieved February 9, 2022.
  3. ^ Hoberman, Jim (December 1, 2009). "By Candlelight". The Village Voice. Retrieved February 9, 2022.
  4. ^ "By Candlelight". TV Guide.
  5. ^ "By Candlelight (1934) - Trailers, Reviews, Synopsis, Showtimes and Cast - AllMovie". AllMovie.
  6. ^ Robin Karney. "By Candlelight". RadioTimes.
  7. ^ "Journal Radio Programs". The Meriden Daily Journal (Connecticut). June 8, 1935. p. 7. Retrieved August 21, 2021.
This page was last edited on 4 April 2022, at 06:05
Basis of this page is in Wikipedia. Text is available under the CC BY-SA 3.0 Unported License. Non-text media are available under their specified licenses. Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc. WIKI 2 is an independent company and has no affiliation with Wikimedia Foundation.