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Bugatti Automobiles

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Bugatti Automobiles S.A.S.
Private
Société par actions simplifiée
Industry
  • Automobile manufacturing
  • Automobile distribution
PredecessorBugatti Automobili S.p.A.[1]
FoundedDecember 22, 1998; 21 years ago (1998-12-22)[1]
Headquarters,
Area served
Worldwide (except Australia)
Key people
Stephan Winkelmann (President)[3]
ProductsBugatti Chiron
Bugatti Divo
Production output
Increase 76 vehicles (2018)[4]
Number of employees
297 (2016)
ParentVolkswagen AG[5]
Subsidiaries
  • Bugatti Engineering GmbH
  • Bugatti International S.A.
[2]
Websitebugatti.com

Bugatti Automobiles S.A.S. (French pronunciation: ​[bygati]) is a French high-performance luxury automobiles manufacturer and a subsidiary of Volkswagen AG, with its head office and assembly plant in Molsheim, Alsace, France. Volkswagen purchased the Bugatti trademark in June 1998 and incorporated Bugatti Automobiles S.A.S. in 1999.

Bugatti presented several concept cars between 1998 and 2000 before commencing development of its first production model, the Veyron 16.4, delivering the first Veyron to a customer in 2005.

YouTube Encyclopedic

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  • ✪ RAREST And Most EXPENSIVE Cars In The World!
  • ✪ Bugatti Automobiles | Top 10 Most Expensive Bugatti Autombiles

Transcription

From special edition Rolls, to masterpieces of engineering, here are 10 of the rarest cars in the world…. 10. Mercedes CLK-GTR The Mercedes CLK-GTR was designed to take part in the new FIA GT championship series in 1997 and was built with a Mercedes-Benz LS600 6 litre, V12 engine. The car performed quite well in the competition that year, and as part of the terms of entry, Mercedes were required to produce a limited production run of road-legal versions. In total, 25 were made, all as true to the original design of the race car as possible. The engine was enhanced to a 6.9 litre version, and produced 604 horsepower. The company claimed that this allowed the car to reach a speed of 62 miles per hour in just 3.8 seconds, and a top speed of 214 miles per hour. At the time of its release, the CLK-GTR was the most expensive production car ever, costing a whopping 1.5 million dollars. This is a beautiful, and rare, vehicle, and even if you had the funds to buy one- actually finding one that’s up for sale would prove to be difficult! 9. 1905 Rolls-Royce 15 HP Rolls Royce is one of the most recognisable names in the world of automobiles. They began making cars in 1904. Since then, they have been responsible for some of the most iconic designs, and branched out into other areas including aircraft engines! But it’s the classic luxury cars that stand out in collectors minds. This 1905 Rolls Royce 15 HP car is the second oldest vehicle by the manufacturer that remains in existence, and by far the rarest. Surprisingly, the last one of these that was made still works! Just imagine a brand new car that you bought today, still running in 120 years time, it’s unbelievable! It has a 3-speed manual gearbox with a 3.1 litre engine, and can reach up to 39 miles per hour- a significant speed at that time, I mean it is 122 years old! It may not sound like much now…. The company, though, was still in its infancy in 1905, so only six of them were ever built. The history and collectability associated with this car means that the insured replacement is approximately 35 million dollars. Yes, 35 million dollars!! 8. McLaren F1 LM I just saw a McLaren on the highway the other day! But I don’t know what model it was. This stunning car is the McLaren F1 LM. It’s a tuned edition that was built to celebrate the success of the track version in 1995’s Le Mans 24-hour race, with only a few alterations to make it road legal. The car weighs only 2,341 pounds, and has a 680 brake horsepower engine that allows it to reach 60 miles per hour in 3.9 seconds, with a top speed of 225 miles per hour. Only six were ever made, all in the super original Papaya orange colour as a tribute to Bruce McLaren, who the company is named after, and his racing colours when he was a driver. The rarity and desirability of this McLaren means that it’s REALLY expensive. In 2015 one sold, at auction, for 13.75 million dollars. This is particularly high considering it doesn’t have any of the creature comforts you may expect from a supercar. To stay true to the original design, there’s stiffer suspension, no radio, and it definitely does NOT have any cup holders! And now for the Bugatti, but first be sure to subscribe if you haven’t already! 7. 1927 Bugatti Royale In the 1920’s, Bugatti saw an opportunity to sell a new style of luxury car, and designed the Bugatti Royale. To accommodate all the features they wanted to put in, they made the car 21 feet long! It remains one of the largest cars to ever be built. With a 12.7 litre engine that produced up to 300 brake horsepower, no one ever tested it to see how fast it could go. At least not officially. Initially the plan was to build 25 of the vehicles to sell to the wealthy, but in the end only 7 were made. One of these was destroyed- leaving only six remaining, each of which was built with a different body, making them truly one of a kind. Most of them are now displayed in museums around the world, but one- known as the Kellner car, is still in private hands. It’s virtually impossible to put a price on how expensive one of these would be today, but the last time one sold in 1999, it went for 20 million dollars. 6. 1954 Oldsmobile F-88 GM Concept Car The Oldsmobile F-88 is thought by many to be one of the most influential ever made, and it’s now one of the rarest too. It was designed as a dream car in 1954, and was a project of love by American designer Harley Earl, based on designs by Bill Lange. It was built around the chassis of a Chevrolet Corvette, and had a body made entirely out of fiberglass. The two door roadsters had a super 88 V8 engine which produced 250 brake horsepower, and the style of design was the first of a new era of car aesthetics and the one that led the way. Despite this, only four were ever made. Two became part of private collections and their whereabouts are unknown, one was destroyed in a fire, and the final car was used as a show car. It was sold at the Barrett-Jackson collector car auction in 2005 for three million dollars, and is now permanently on display, for anyone to see, at the Gateway Colorado automobile museum. 5. Lamborghini Reventon The Lamborghini Reventon hardly looks real, and turned heads when it was first revealed at the Frankfurt Motor show in 2007. Just as insane was the price at two million dollars, which made it by far the most expensive car that the Italian manufacturer had sold at the time. To create the Reventon, they had designed a completely new exterior, but used very similar mechanical designs as seen in the Murciélago LP640. The 6.5 litre V12 engine gives the car a maximum top speed of 221 miles per hour. This was somewhat of a vanity project for Lamborghini, and they announced that only 21 of them would ever be made- including one that would be kept in the Lamborghini museum. All 20 sold almost instantly, so it’s now impossible to get one new- the only way you can get your hands on one of these is by convincing a current owner to part ways with it. Practically impossible!! The company released details on where they sold the cars to, with 10 being delivered to the US, seven to Europe, one to Canada, and two to Asia. It was so popular that two years later they designed a roadster version, again producing only 20 cars, and this time costing 2.1 million dollars. Still, both versions are incredibly rare, and would make a great addition to any one’s collection of supercars. 4. Honda NSX “Alex Zanardi Edition” The original Honda NSX, known in America as the Acura NSX, was produced by the Japanese company between 1990 and 2005, and looked to be the last mid engine sports car made by them, until they resurrected the name for a successor in 2016. In 1999, a special edition “Alex Zanardi” version was produced to celebrate the driver’s back to back CART championship wins for Honda. Only 51 were built, one of which was a press car, and they were only available in New Formula Red. It had an all aluminium body, and a 3.2 litre V6 engine which produced 290 brake horsepower, which allowed it to reach 60 miles per hour in 4.5 seconds. The first off the production line was given to Zanardi himself, with the rest being sold through dealers in the US. It’s not known how much they would sell for today, but with standard Honda NSX’s still commanding around 160,000 dollars, it’ll likely be lot more. 3. 1996 Ferrari F50 GT Every list of rare and desirable cars has to have a Ferrari, and here’s one of the rarest of all- the Ferrari F50 GT. The car was originally designed to take part in the BPR Global GT series, but the F50 project was soon cancelled because competitor manufacturers, such as Porsche and Mercedes, designed much faster and agile vehicles for the championship. Still, 3 F50’s were made- one of which was a prototype, and 2 which were to be sold. With a 4.7 litre V12 engine that provides 750 brake horsepower, it can reach 60 miles per hour in a lightning fast 2.9 seconds, and hits a top speed of 235 miles per hour. Perhaps it’s the legend of what might have been, but never was, but despite never taking part in a single race, the F50 reached legendary status with Ferrari fans. In 2013 one of these was up for sale with an asking price of 2.9 million dollars. While that’s a lot of money to most people for a car, it’s an absolute bargain for such a rarity, and a piece of Ferrari history. 2. 2005 Maybach Exelero The 2005 Maybach Exelero is a stunning piece of engineering, and was originally built for Fulda, a German tyre company, to display its products. It weighs in at 2.9 tons, but with a V12, twin turbo engine that generates 700 brake horsepower, it hits 62 miles per hour in 4.4 seconds and reaches a top speed of 218 miles per hour. Only one of these cars has ever been built, and while that may seem surprising- it makes sense when you hear the price. Brand new it cost 8 million dollars. It was put up for sale in 2005, but it took until 2011 before the rapper “Birdman” decided to buy it. It turned out to be too costly a purchase for him, though, so the deal seemingly fell through- so, if you have a spare 8 million lying around, you might just be able to get your hands on this one. 1. Captain Nemo’s Car And finally number one and without doubt the most unique car in the world, and one of the rarest. If you think it looks familiar, then that’s probably because it was used in 2003’s “League of Extraordinary Gentlemen” movie starring Sean Connery. It’s the car used by Captain Nemo, and needed to be extravagant. It was designed by the production designer of the movie, Carol Spier, and is fully functional- if not entirely road legal. It’s 22-feet long, and has a Rover V8 engine. It began life as a Land Rover, which was modified with a steel frame, and covered with an ivory coloured fibreglass shell. Taking inspiration from the Hindu god Ganesha, there are aged gold embellishments across the entire vehicle, and a faux leather interior. The six 28-inch wheels are mounted on hydraulics so you can adjust the ride height, and it was designed to drive in such a way that special effects weren’t needed in the movie. There are only 2 in the world after an enthusiast built one of his own. Surprisingly for such an elaborate and unique vehicle, the original sold at auction in 2015 for just over 30,000 English pounds- which is about 40 to 45,000 dollars. By far the rarest and the cheapest on this whole list! Thanks for watching! Which one would you like to own? Let us all know in the comments below!

Contents

History

At the urging of then-chairman Ferdinand Piëch, Volkswagen purchased the rights to produce cars under the Bugatti marque in June 1998. This followed the earlier Volkswagen purchases of the Lamborghini marque (by VW's Audi subsidiary), the Rolls-Royce factory in Crewe, United Kingdom, and the Bentley marque.

On 22 December 2000, Volkswagen officially incorporated Bugatti Automobiles S.A.S., with former VW drivetrain chief Karl-Heinz Neumann as president. The company purchased the 1856 Château Saint Jean, formerly Ettore Bugatti's guest house in Dorlisheim, near Molsheim, and began refurbishing it to serve as the company's headquarters. The original factory was still in the hands of Snecma, who were unwilling to part with it. At the Pebble Beach Concours d'Elegance in August 2000, VW announced that they would instead build a new modern atelier (factory) next to and south of the Château. The atelier was officially inaugurated on 3 September 2005.

Bugatti Automobiles S.A.S. is a wholly owned subsidiary of the Volkswagen AG [5]

After the Veyron's discontinuation in 2014, the new Bugatti model was revealed to be the Chiron in 2016. With an 8-liter W16 engine delivering 1500 horsepower, an electronically limited top speed of 261 miles per hour, and a price of about €2,400,000, the Chiron attempts to vastly surpass the Veyron's performance.

Concept cars

Italdesign Giugiaro designs

Volkswagen commissioned Italdesign's Giorgetto Giugiaro to design a series of concept cars to return the marque to prominence. The first example, the EB 118, was a two-door coupé and was introduced at the Paris Motor Show in 1998. It was followed by the four-door EB 218 touring sedan, introduced at the Geneva Motor Show in 1999. Later that year, the 18/3 Chiron was shown at the IAA in Frankfurt.

Volkswagen designs

Volkswagen designed the final Bugatti concept, the EB 18/4 GT in house. Bugatti introduced the EB 18/4 at the 1999 Tokyo Motor Show.

W18 Engine

All of these early concepts featured a 555 PS (408 kW; 547 hp) 18-cylinder engine. This was the first-ever W-configuration engine on a passenger vehicle, with three blocks of 6 cylinders each. It shared many components with Volkswagen's modular engine family.

16C Galibier

The 16C Galibier was unveiled during Celebration of the Centenary of the Marque in Molsheim. The presentation was only for Bugatti customers. The car show in Molsheim showed the car in blue carbon fibre and aluminum parts. One year later Bugatti showed the world the 16C Galibier Concept at "VW Group Night" at the Geneva Auto Show in a new black and aluminum color combination.

The Galibier, a 1000 HP sedan, was first shown as a concept in 2010 and when they planned to put it into production in 2015, it would have cost about $1.4 million. It would use the same 16-cylinder 8.0-litre engine as the Veyron but instead of four turbos, the 16C Galibier would instead use two superchargers to deliver better torque. Production would require new facilities in Molsheim, France, to be refitted, which pushed back potential deliveries until 2015.[6]

In 2013, it was announced that the car will never be produced as they wish to focus on a Veyron replacement.

Production cars

In the 1980s the Bugatti brand was brought back as Bugatti Automobili S.p.A. in Italy. The company produced the EB110 in the 1990s, which put Bugatti back on the modern super-car scene. The company was then bought by Volkswagen at the end of the 20th century.

Veyron

Development of this vehicle began with the 1999 EB 18/4 "Veyron" concept car, which itself had a chassis based on that of the Bugatti 18/3 Chiron concept car. It was similar in design and appearance to the final Veyron production car. One major difference was the EB 18/4's use of a W18 engine with three banks of six cylinders. The Veyron's chief designer was Hartmut Warkuss, and the exterior was designed by Jozef Kabaň of Volkswagen, rather than Giorgetto Giugiaro of Italdesign, who had handled the three prior Bugatti concepts.

The then – Volkswagen Group chairman Ferdinand Piëch announced the Veyron at the 2000 Geneva Motor Show. It was promised to be the fastest, most powerful and most expensive car in history. Instead of the W18, it would use a VR6/WR8-style W16 engine. First seen in the 1999 Bentley Hunaudières concept car, the W16 would have four turbochargers and produce a quoted (metric) 1001 horsepower (see engine section for details on the power output). Top speed was promised at 407 km/h (253 mph), and the price was announced at €1 million.

Development continued throughout 2001 and the EB 16/4 Veyron was promoted to "advanced concept" status. In late 2001, Bugatti announced that the car, officially called the "Bugatti Veyron 16.4", would go into production in 2003.

Piëch retired that year as chairman of the Volkswagen Group and was replaced by Bernd Pischetsrieder. The new chairman promptly sent the Veyron back to the drawing board for major revisions. Neumann was replaced as Bugatti president by Thomas Bscher in December 2003, and substantial modifications were made to the Veyron under the guidance of a former VW engineer, Bugatti Engineering chief Wolfgang Schreiber.

The Veyron costs €1,100,000 (net price without taxes);[citation needed] prices vary by exchange rates and local taxes (like value added taxes). Prices for the UK or the US are over £880,000, or around $1,400,000. It was noted in an April issue of Live magazine (weekly men's magazine with The Sunday Times) that customers are free to order additional extras which can push the price up by the cost of a Rolls Royce Phantom. During an episode of Top Gear, the car was compared to the Concorde as a feat of technology.[7]

Chiron

At the 2016 Geneva Motor Show, Bugatti premiered the Bugatti Chiron as a successor to the Veyron.[8][9] The pricing is set at 2.4 million euros. It is powered by a 7,993 cc (8.0 L) quad-turbocharged W16 engine with a peak power output of 1,103 kW (1,500 PS; 1,479 hp) at 6,700 rpm and 1,600 N⋅m (1,180 lb⋅ft) of torque starting from 2,000 to 6,000 rpm. It can accelerate from 0–97 km/h (0–60 mph) in 2.4 seconds according to the manufacturer and has an electronically limited top speed of 420 km/h (261 mph) (233–236 mph (375–380 km/h) without top speed key) for safety reasons, mainly arising from the tyres as the manufacturer concluded that no tyre currently manufactured would be able to handle the stress at the top speed the Chiron is capable of achieving. The base price is 2,400,000[10] (US$2,700,000 at the August 2016 exchange rate),[11] and buyers were required to place a 200,000 (US$226,000 at the August 2016 exchange rate) deposit.[11][12] Production is limited to 500 units. Unlike the Veyron, the Chiron is expected to make a profit.[13][14]

Divo

At the exclusive automotive event “The Quail: A Motorsports Gathering“ in Monterey, California, Bugatti premiered its latest model as a world premiere.[15] The Divo takes inspiration from the Bugatti Type 57SC Atlantic along with the Bugatti Vision Gran Turismo concept in terms of design and has track performance as its main focus. The car is 8.0 seconds quicker than the Chiron around the Nardò test track according to the manufacturer and generates 456 kg (1,005 lb) of downforce at top speed, 90 kg (198 lb) more than the Chiron.[16] The top speed is, however, reduced to 236 mph (380 km/h), owing to the extra drag produced by the aerodynamic elements and due to excessive pressure on the tyres resulting from a lower ride height. Power output is unchanged from the Chiron, with 1,103 kW (1,500 PS; 1,479 hp) at 6700 rpm and 1,600 N⋅m (1,180 lb⋅ft) of torque from 2000 to 6000 rpm. The production of the Divo is limited to 40 units and the car will be built alongside the Chiron at the Bugatti factory.[17] The base price for the Divo was €5 million (US$5.8 million), around twice the price of what the standard Chiron cost.[18]

La Voiture Noire

The La Voiture Noire (The Black Car) was a special edition car built and sold by Bugatti in 2019. It was presented at the 2019 Geneva Motor Show. The car pays homage to the legendary 'missing' Bugatti Type 57 SC Atlantic of Jean Bugatti. Only 1 of these cars were built and sold for a price of $12.5 million; making it the most expensive new car ever sold.[19]

Centodieci

The Centodieci was unveiled by Bugatti in August 2019 and was made as a tribute to the EB110. Only 10 will be made and will be priced at 8 million euros each.[20][21]

See also

References

  1. ^ a b Volkswagen AG 2012, p. 68.
  2. ^ a b Volkswagen AG 2012, p. 50.
  3. ^ "Stephan Winkelmann to be new President of Bugatti". www.volkswagenag.com. Retrieved 13 March 2018.
  4. ^ Wagner, I (2019-03-25). "Worldwide deliveries of Bugatti from FY 2013 to FY 2018 (in units)". Statistica.
  5. ^ a b Volkswagen AG 2012, p. 19.
  6. ^ Cremer 2011.
  7. ^ BBC 2013.
  8. ^ "Bugatti Chiron to have eight-year lifespan, sell at a profit". Motor Authority. Retrieved 2016-03-04.
  9. ^ "Bugatti Chiron - finally a profitable model, says boss". Paul Tan's Automotive News. Retrieved 2016-03-04.
  10. ^ Robinson, Aaron (2015-05-17). "2017 Bugatti Chiron: Again with the Overkill". Car and Driver. US. Retrieved 2016-12-09.
  11. ^ a b Atiyeh, Clifford (2016-08-19). "Bugatti Has Sold the First 200 Chirons". Car and Driver. US. Retrieved 2016-12-09.
  12. ^ Stoklosa, Alexander (February 2016). "Bugatti Chiron". Car and Driver. US. Retrieved 2016-03-23.
  13. ^ Hetzner, Christiaan. "Bugatti Chiron, to be priced at $2.6 million, is 'ready for a new world speed record'". Automotive News. Retrieved 2016-03-04.
  14. ^ "2017 Bugatti Chiron does 0-249-0mph in 42 seconds". Auto Express. Archived from the original on 2016-03-05. Retrieved 2016-03-04.
  15. ^ "World Premiere For The Divo". Bugatti Automobiles S.A.S. 24 August 2018.
  16. ^ "Bugatti One-Ups Itself With Its New Divo Supercar". WIRED. Retrieved 2018-10-19.
  17. ^ Rix, Jack (24 August 2018). "Meet the €5m, 236mph Bugatti Divo". Top Gear. Retrieved 26 August 2018.
  18. ^ Gilboy, James. "The 1,478-Horsepower Bugatti Divo Costs $5.8 Million". The Drive. Retrieved 2018-10-19.
  19. ^ Christoph Rauwald (2019-03-05). "At $12.5 Million This Bugatti Is the Most Expensive New Car Ever". Bloomberg.
  20. ^ Business, Peter Valdes-Dapena, CNN. "Bugatti is making only 10 of these $9 million supercars". CNN. Retrieved 2019-08-19.
  21. ^ Sintumuang, Kevin (2019-08-16). "The New $8.8 Million Bugatti Centodieci Is a Retro '90s Hypercar Dream". Esquire. Retrieved 2019-08-19.

Bibliography

External links

This page was last edited on 31 January 2020, at 15:13
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