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Buddhism in Scotland

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Historical Population
YearPop.±%
2001 6,830—    
2011 12,795+87.3%
Religious Affiliation was not recorded prior to 2001.

Buddhism in Scotland is a relatively recent phenomenon. In Scotland Buddhists represent 0.24% of the population or around 13,000 people.[1]

History of Buddhism in Scotland

The earliest Buddhist influence on Scotland came through its imperial connections with South East Asia, and as a result the early connections were with the Theravada traditions of Burma, Thailand, and Sri Lanka. To begin with, 150 years ago, this response was primarily scholarly, and a tradition of study grew up that eventually resulted in the foundation of the Pali Text Society, which undertook the huge task of translating the Pali Canon of Theravada Buddhist texts into English.

The main stupa at Samyé Ling monastery in Scotland
The main stupa at Samyé Ling monastery in Scotland

The rate of growth was slow but steady through the century, and the 1950s saw the development of interest in Zen Buddhism. In 1967 Kagyu Samyé Ling Monastery and Tibetan Centre was founded by Tibetan lamas and refugees Chögyam Trungpa Rinpoche and Akong Rinpoche. It is in Eskdalemuir, in south west Scotland and is the largest Tibetan Buddhist centre in Western Europe, and part of the Karma Kagyu tradition.

As well there are other Buddhism-based new religious movements such as the New Kadampa Tradition, Triratna Buddhist Community and Sōka Gakkai International. The Triratna community maintains a retreat centre at Balquhidder in the Trossachs.

Demographics

In 2001 census, the Buddhism constituted 0.1% or 6,830 people of the Scotland.[2] It increased to 0.2% or 12,795 people in 2011 census.[3]

Samyé Ling

Kagyu Samyé Ling Monastery and Tibetan Centre was founded in 1967 by two spiritual masters, Choje Akong Tulku Rinpoche and Chogyam Trungpa Rinpoche, who both belong to the Kagyu school of Tibetan Buddhism.[4] It was the first Tibetan Buddhist Centre to be established in the West and was named after Samye, the very first monastery to be established in Tibet. In 1977, during the 16th Karmapa's second visit to Samye Ling, he assured Akong Rinpoche about the longer-term future of Buddhism in the West and at Samye Ling. It is from this encounter that the Samye Project[5] was born.

There is an associated community on Holy Isle which is owned by Samyé Ling The settlements on the island include the Centre for World Peace and Health and a traditional retreat centre for nuns. Samyé Ling has also established centres in more than 20 countries, including Belgium, Ireland, Poland, South Africa, Spain and Switzerland.[6]

Notable Scottish Buddhists

See also

External links

References

  1. ^ http://www.scotlandscensus.gov.uk/documents/censusresults/release2a/scotland/KS209SCb.pdf[bare URL]
  2. ^ http://www.scotland.gov.uk/Publications/2005/02/20757/53570[bare URL]
  3. ^ http://www.scotlandscensus.gov.uk/documents/censusresults/release2a/scotland/KS209SCb.pdf[bare URL]
  4. ^ Kate Rew (2010-01-15). "Scotland's Buddhist retreat". The Guardian. Retrieved 2010-01-15.
  5. ^ ”Akong Rinpoché Establishing Buddha-Dharma: The Samye Project, http://www.akong.eu/dharma_8.htm
  6. ^ https://www.samyeling.org/contact/affiliated-centres/[bare URL]
This page was last edited on 31 May 2021, at 19:34
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