To install click the Add extension button. That's it.

The source code for the WIKI 2 extension is being checked by specialists of the Mozilla Foundation, Google, and Apple. You could also do it yourself at any point in time.

Kelly Slayton
Congratulations on this excellent venture… what a great idea!
Alexander Grigorievskiy
I use WIKI 2 every day and almost forgot how the original Wikipedia looks like.
Live Statistics
English Articles
Improved in 24 Hours
Added in 24 Hours
Show all languages
What we do. Every page goes through several hundred of perfecting techniques; in live mode. Quite the same Wikipedia. Just better.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Bruno Guntram Wilhelm Kahl (born 12 July 1962 in Essen, West Germany[1]) is a German civil servant and administrative lawyer. Since 1 July 2016, he has been President of the Federal Intelligence Service (Bundesnachrichtendienst).[2]

Early life and education

Kahl was born as the first child of Bernhard and Ute Kahl (née Schoenitz) in Essen, West Germany. He completed his Abitur in 1981 at Kardinal-Frings-Gymnasium in Bonn-Beuel and military service from 1981 until 1983, then studied law until 1988 at the University of Bonn and the University of Lausanne.[1] Alongside his studies, he also completed journalistic training at the Katholische Journalistenschule ifp [de] in Munich. After his first state examinations, he clerked in Bonn and Speyer, Germany, and Sydney, Australia.

Kahl is an Oberstleutnant in the Reserves of the Bundeswehr.[2]


In 1994, Kahl completed his second state examination at the Oberlandesgericht of Cologne, and then worked for the Confederation of German Employers' Associations. From 1995 to 1996, he was a desk officer at the Federal Chancellery. From 1996 until 2005, he was assigned as an adviser to the CDU/CSU parliamentary group, where he performed preliminary work for the group's chairman Wolfgang Schäuble. Since then, he has been a close confidant of Schäuble.[3][4]

In 2005 in the First Merkel cabinet, Kahl served as Head of the Minister’s Office and spokesman of Schäuble at the Federal Ministry of the Interior (BMI), where he became head of the executive group in 2006.[1] In 2008, Kahl was awarded a Doctor of Law by the University of Bonn, authoring his dissertation on elements of Catholic thought in Carl Schmitt's secular political theory. In 2010, Kahl followed Schäuble to the Federal Ministry of Finance (BMF), where he also served as head of the executive staff. Beginning in 2011, Kahl acted as Undersecretary for Directorate-General VIII (Privatisation, industrial holdings and federal real estate) at BMF.[3] In this capacity, he also served on the Supervisory Board of Portigon AG from 2012 until 2015.[5]

Kahl was appointed President of the Federal Intelligence Service on 27 April 2016, effective 1 July, after the dismissal of Gerhard Schindler.[6][4] His replacement at the BMF is Johannes Schmalzl [de].[7]

Kahl is a member of the Christian Democratic Union of Germany (CDU).[8]

Personal life

Kahl has been widowed since 2008, and has two daughters.[9]


  • Europäische Union: Bundesstaat – Staatenbund - Staatenverbund? Zum Urteil des BVerfG vom 12. Oktober 1993. In: Der Staat, Volume 33, 1994, p. 241 ff.
  • Bruno Kahl: "Elemente katholischen Denkens in säkularer Staatslehre zum Frühwerk Carl Schmitts", Dissertation, Berlin, 2007
  • Bruno Kahl et al. (ed.): Der fröhliche Sisyphos – für Wolfgang Schäuble, Herder, Freiburg im Breisgau, 2012 ISBN 978-3-45130663-1.
  • Der Große Vaterländische Betrieb – Warum die Treuhand eine Erfolgsgeschichte wurde? In: Otto Depenheuer, Karl-Heinz Paqué (eds.): Einheit – Eigentum – Effizienz: Bilanz der Treuhandanstalt. Gedächtnisschrift zum 20. Todestag von Dr. Detlev Karsten Rohwedder. Springer-Verlag, Heidelberg 2012, ISBN 978-3-64233114-5, pp. 95–97.
  • Bruno Kahl, Andreas Kerst: Öffentliche Unternehmen. In: Werner Gatzer, Tilmann Schweisfurth (eds.): Öffentliche Finanzwirtschaft in der Staatspraxis, BWV Verlag, Berlin, 2015 ISBN 978-3-83053325-2, pp. 613–642.


  1. ^ a b c "Bundesnachrichtendienst - President". Bundesnachrichtendienst. n.d. Retrieved 2017-09-24.
  2. ^ a b Diehl, Jörg (2016-04-30). "Ohne Knautschzone" [Without crumple zone]. Der Spiegel (in German). Retrieved 2017-09-24.
  3. ^ a b Depenheuer, Otto; Paqué, Karl-Heinz, eds. (2012). Einheit - Eigentum - Effizienz : Bilanz der Treuhandanstalt Gedachtnisschrift zum 20. Todestag von Dr. Detlev Karsten Rohwedder. Heidelberg: Springer-Verlag. p. 210. ISBN 9783642331145.
  4. ^ a b "Kahl folgt auf Schindler: CSU kritisiert Wechsel an BND-Spitze". Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung. dpa. 2016-04-27. Retrieved 2017-09-24.
  5. ^ Beteiligungsbericht der Landesregierung Nordrhein-Westfalen für das Jahr 2014 Landtag of North Rhine-Westphalia.
  6. ^ "Bruno Kahl übernimmt Chefposten beim BND" [Bruno Kahl takes over leadership position at the BND]. Der Spiegel. dpa. 2016-07-01. Retrieved 2017-09-24.
  7. ^ Rieger, Arnold (2016-07-14). "Schmalzl hat neuen Job bei Schäuble". Stuttgarter Zeitung (in German). Retrieved 2017-09-24.
  8. ^ Katharina Schuler (April 27, 2016), Bruno Kahl: Der Schäuble-Vertraute Die Zeit.
  9. ^ "BND-Chef Schindler wird abgelöst". n-tv (in German). dpa, AFP. 2016-04-26. Retrieved 2017-09-24.
This page was last edited on 17 October 2018, at 20:11
Basis of this page is in Wikipedia. Text is available under the CC BY-SA 3.0 Unported License. Non-text media are available under their specified licenses. Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc. WIKI 2 is an independent company and has no affiliation with Wikimedia Foundation.