To install click the Add extension button. That's it.

The source code for the WIKI 2 extension is being checked by specialists of the Mozilla Foundation, Google, and Apple. You could also do it yourself at any point in time.

Kelly Slayton
Congratulations on this excellent venture… what a great idea!
Alexander Grigorievskiy
I use WIKI 2 every day and almost forgot how the original Wikipedia looks like.
Live Statistics
English Articles
Improved in 24 Hours
Added in 24 Hours
What we do. Every page goes through several hundred of perfecting techniques; in live mode. Quite the same Wikipedia. Just better.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Bruce Bolling
1980s Bruce Bolling Boston USA 9501946767.jpg
Bolling in the 1980s
At-large member of the Boston City Council
In office
Member of the Boston City Council for District 7
In office
Preceded bydistrict created
Succeeded byAnthony Crayton
At-large member of the Boston City Council
In office
Sept. 1992 – 1993
Personal details
Born(1945-04-29)April 29, 1945
DiedSeptember 11, 2012(2012-09-11) (aged 67)
Boston, Massachusetts
Spouse(s)Joyce Ferriabough
Alma mater

Bruce Carlton Bolling (April 29, 1945 – September 11, 2012) was a politician and businessman in Boston, Massachusetts. He served as the first black president of the Boston City Council in the mid-1980s.

Early years

Bolling was educated at Boston English High School, Northeastern University, and received a master's degree in education from Antioch University (now Cambridge College).[1] He was from "the city's most politically successful black family. His father, Royal L. Bolling, was a state senator and his brother, Royal L. Bolling Jr., served as state representative."[1]

Political career

Around 1980, Bolling worked "in the administration of Mayor Kevin White in a variety of capacities, including positions in the Office of Public Safety and as a manager of a Little City Hall."[1] In November 1981, he was elected to the Boston City Council, in the final election when all seats were at-large. He was subsequently re-elected to four two-year terms as the representative for District 7 (Roxbury). He was council president in 1986 and 1987 — "the first Black elected president of the Boston City Council."[2] He lost his position on the council following the November 1991 election, when he unsuccessfully sought an at-large seat.[3] He returned to the council in September 1992, following the death of at-large member Christopher A. Iannella, as Bolling had finished fifth in the election for four at-large seats.[4][5] Bolling ran for Mayor of Boston in 1993,[6] finishing fifth in the preliminary election.

Bolling (third from right) next to Mayor Raymond Flynn (center), with several Boston City Council members (ca.1984–1987)
Bolling (third from right) next to Mayor Raymond Flynn (center), with several Boston City Council members (ca.1984–1987)

Later years and legacy

From 2000 until his death, Bolling was director of MassAlliance, a firm specializing in small business development.[7] He died of prostate cancer on September 11, 2012.[8] He was 67.

In 2015, the Ferdinand Building in Dudley Square was renamed the Bruce C. Bolling Municipal Building in his honor.[9][10] The dedication ceremony was attended by his brother, Royal L. Bolling, Jr., Massachusetts Governor Charlie Baker, Boston Mayor Marty Walsh, and other Massachusetts politicians.[11]


  1. ^ a b c "BRUCE C. BOLLING". The Boston Globe. August 5, 1993. p. 32. Retrieved February 25, 2018 – via
  2. ^ "Boston Council Member Bruce Bolling Magazine Candidacy In Mayoral Race". Jet. Vol. 84 no. 12. July 19, 1993. p. 29 – via Google Books.
  3. ^ "Flynn rolls to a record triumph O'Neil, Iannella, Salerno, Nucci take at-large council races". The Boston Globe. November 6, 1991. Retrieved February 24, 2018 – via
  4. ^ "Bolling to fill council vacancy". The Boston Globe. September 23, 1992. Retrieved February 24, 2018 – via
  5. ^ "Bolling is welcomed back to City Council". The Boston Globe. September 24, 1992. Retrieved February 24, 2018 – via
  6. ^ "BRUCE BOLLING". The Boston Globe. September 19, 1993. p. 7. Retrieved February 25, 2018 – via
  7. ^ "About MassAlliance". Archived from the original on 2011-07-14. Retrieved 2010-03-31 – via Wayback Machine.
  8. ^ Ryan, Andrew (September 11, 2012). "Bruce Bolling, first black president of Boston City Council, dies at 67". The Boston Globe.
  9. ^ "Bruce C. Bolling Building Renaming Ceremony". April 7, 2015. Retrieved February 25, 2018.
  10. ^ "Bruce C. Bolling Municipal Building". Retrieved February 25, 2018 – via Google Maps.
  11. ^ Crimaldi, Laura (April 7, 2015). "Roxbury building renamed in honor of Bruce Bolling, a pioneer". The Boston Globe.

Further reading

Publications by Bolling
Publications about Bolling

External links

Preceded by
Joseph M. Tierney
President of the Boston City Council
Succeeded by
Christopher A. Iannella
This page was last edited on 18 September 2019, at 18:24
Basis of this page is in Wikipedia. Text is available under the CC BY-SA 3.0 Unported License. Non-text media are available under their specified licenses. Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc. WIKI 2 is an independent company and has no affiliation with Wikimedia Foundation.