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Brown County, Texas

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Brown County
The Brown County Courthouse in Brownwood
The Brown County Courthouse in Brownwood
Map of Texas highlighting Brown County
Location within the U.S. state of Texas
Map of the United States highlighting Texas

Texas's location within the U.S.
Coordinates: 31°46′N 99°00′W / 31.77°N 99°W / 31.77; -99
Country United States
State Texas
Founded1858
Named forHenry Stevenson Brown
SeatBrownwood
Largest cityBrownwood
Area
 • Total957 sq mi (2,480 km2)
 • Land944 sq mi (2,440 km2)
 • Water13 sq mi (30 km2)  1.3%%
Population
 (2010)
 • Total38,106
 • Density40/sq mi (20/km2)
Time zoneUTC−6 (Central)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−5 (CDT)
Congressional district11th
Websitewww.browncountytx.org

Brown County is a county in west-central Texas. As of the 2010 census, the population was 38,106.[1] Its county seat is Brownwood.[2] The county was founded in 1856 and organized in 1858.[3] It is named for Henry Stevenson Brown, a commander at the Battle of Velasco, an early conflict between Texians and Mexicans.

The Brownwood, TX Micropolitan Statistical Area includes all of Brown County.

History

Indigenous peoples lived here for thousands of years before Europeans entered the area. The historic inhabitants were the Penteka (also known to the Europeans as Comanche), who occupied this area at the time of European colonization.[4] In 1721, the Marqués de San Miguel de Aguayo expedition is said to have passed through the county.[5]

In 1838, land surveys were made of the area.[4] In 1856, Welcome W. Chandler from Mississippi became the first settler, arriving with his family, John H. Fowler, and seven slaves. They built a log cabin on Pecan Bayou. The county was formed from Comanche and Travis Counties. It is named after Henry Stevenson Brown, an American pioneer from Kentucky.[4][6] In 1858, the county was formally organized.[6] Brownwood was designated as the county seat.[7]

In 1874, John Wesley Hardin and gang celebrated his 21st birthday in Brown and Comanche Counties. Deputy Charles Webb drew his gun, provoking a gunfight that ended Webb's life. A lynch mob was formed, but Hardin and his family were put into protective custody. The mob broke into the jail and hanged his brother Joe and two cousins. Hardin fled.[8] The Fort Worth-Brownwood stage was robbed five times in two months of 1875.[4] Oil was discovered on the H. M. Barnes farm near Grosvenor in 1879.[4] Texas Rangers killed two fence cutters in 1886, in the ongoing battle between farmers and ranchers over fencing open range.[4] By the next year, cotton had become the county's most important crop.[4]Katherine Ann Porter was born at Indian Creek. She later became an author and won the Pulitzer Prize.[9] The Fort Worth and Rio Grande Railway was built to the county in1892.[4][10] The Gulf, Colorado and Santa Fe Railway was built into Brownwood in 1895.[4] In 1903, the Gulf, Colorado and Santa Fe line extended the line to Menard.

Also in 1903, the county voted itself a dry county. Alcohol did not become legal again until the 1950s.[4]

In 1909, the boll weevil moved into the county, destroying the cotton economy.[4] The irst commercial production of oil came from the efforts of Jack Pippen at Brownwood in 1917.[4] The first large field began producing from a depth of 1,100 feet (340 m) in 1919 near Cross Cut.[4] In 1926, an oil boom followed the success of the White well on Jim Ned Creek; some 600 wells were drilled in several fields in the county during this time.[4] By 1991, more than 50,561,000 barrels (8,038,600 m3) of oil had been taken from Brown County lands since 1917.[4]

In 1940, work began on Camp Bowie .[11] The first German prisoners of war arrived in 1943; many were members of Erwin Rommel's Afrika Korps.[12]

In 1889, Howard Payne College[13] and Daniel Baker College[14] were established in Brownwood. They combined under the name Howard Payne College in 1953.[4]

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 957 square miles (2,480 km2), of which 944 square miles (2,440 km2) are land and 13 square miles (34 km2) (1.3%) are covered by water.[15]

Major highways

Adjacent counties

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1860244
1870544123.0%
18808,4141,446.7%
189011,42135.7%
190016,01940.3%
191022,93543.2%
192021,682−5.5%
193026,38221.7%
194025,924−1.7%
195028,60710.3%
196024,728−13.6%
197025,8774.6%
198033,05727.7%
199034,3714.0%
200037,6749.6%
201038,1061.1%
Est. 201638,271[16]0.4%
U.S. Decennial Census[17]
1850–2010[18] 2010–2014[1]

As of the census[19] of 2000, 37,674 people, 14,306 households, and 10,014 families resided in the county. The population density was 40 people per square mile (15/km²). The 17,889 housing units averaged 19 per square mile (7/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 87.35% White, 4.01% Black or African American, 0.53% Native American, 0.37% Asian, 6.08% from other races, and 1.66% from two or more races. About 15.38% of the population was Hispanic or Latino of any race.

Of the 14,306 households in the county, 31.40% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.90% were married couples living together, 10.90% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.00% were not families. About 26.50% of all households were made up of individuals, and 12.40% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.48 and the average family size was 2.98.

In the county, the population was distributed as 25.80% under the age of 18, 10.10% from 18 to 24, 24.70% from 25 to 44, 22.90% from 45 to 64, and 16.40% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100, there were 97.40 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.10 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $30,974, and for a family was $37,725. Males had a median income of $30,169 versus $19,647 for females. The per capita income for the county was $15,624. About 14.00% of families and 17.20% of the population were below the poverty line, including 22.70% of those under age 18 and 12.10% of those age 65 or over.

Media

The Brownwood Bulletin is the local daily newspaper, an American Consolidated Media company that also serves media online through its website. Brown County is part of the Abilene/Sweetwater/Brownwood television media market. Area television stations include KRBC-TV, KTXS-TV, KXVA, KTAB-TV, and KIDU-LD.

Area radio stations include News/Talk 102.3 KXYL, which simulcasts on KXYL 1240 AM, Hot A/C "The Breeze" KQBZ 96.9, Country KOXE 101.3, Christian KPSM 99.3, KBUB 90.3, and Oldies KBWD 1380 AM. Blue Sky Entertainment manages KBNX - 97.9/103.9 Sunny FM ('70s, '80s, and '90s music), KXXU - 104.3 KISS FM , KQMJ - 104.7 La Ley , KSZX - 105.5 - The Bull

Communities

Cities

Town

Census-designated places

Unincorporated communities

Politics

Presidential elections results
Presidential elections results[20]
Year Republican Democratic Third parties
2016 85.7% 12,017 11.6% 1,621 2.8% 388
2012 85.3% 11,895 13.7% 1,904 1.1% 148
2008 80.0% 12,052 18.7% 2,822 1.3% 200
2004 81.7% 11,640 17.7% 2,523 0.6% 90
2000 74.4% 9,609 24.3% 3,138 1.3% 173
1996 55.4% 6,524 35.1% 4,138 9.5% 1,125
1992 42.1% 5,313 33.8% 4,264 24.2% 3,053
1988 58.7% 6,810 41.0% 4,763 0.3% 33
1984 67.3% 8,468 32.3% 4,070 0.4% 47
1980 56.4% 6,515 42.1% 4,867 1.4% 167
1976 44.4% 4,483 55.3% 5,577 0.4% 35
1972 72.8% 5,990 26.4% 2,171 0.9% 72
1968 34.8% 2,997 46.5% 3,999 18.7% 1,606
1964 28.4% 2,070 71.5% 5,214 0.1% 9
1960 48.3% 3,512 51.1% 3,720 0.6% 46
1956 53.3% 3,664 46.4% 3,195 0.3% 21
1952 55.0% 4,635 44.9% 3,778 0.1% 11
1948 16.5% 1,071 78.1% 5,059 5.4% 351
1944 12.1% 430 68.5% 2,426 19.4% 688
1940 12.8% 663 87.1% 4,523 0.2% 9
1936 10.1% 448 89.1% 3,971 0.9% 39
1932 7.5% 330 92.0% 4,024 0.5% 21
1928 50.5% 2,033 49.4% 1,992 0.1% 4
1924 10.0% 396 87.5% 3,467 2.5% 100
1920 16.3% 397 70.1% 1,708 13.6% 331
1916 8.0% 181 87.2% 1,986 4.8% 110
1912 6.8% 115 84.8% 1,433 8.4% 141

See also

References

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved December 8, 2013.
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on 2011-05-31. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
  3. ^ "Texas: Individual County Chronologies". Texas Atlas of Historical County Boundaries. The Newberry Library. 2008. Retrieved May 20, 2015.
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p Leffler, John. "Brown County, Texas". Handbook of Texas Online. Texas State Historical Society. Retrieved 30 November 2010.
  5. ^ Chipman, Donald E; Joseph, Harriet Denise (1999). Notable Men and Women of Spanish Texas. University of Texas Press. pp. 83–102. ISBN 978-0-292-71218-8.
  6. ^ a b Aston, B W; Taylor, Ira Donathon (1997). Along the Texas Forts Trail. University of North Texas Press. p. 120. ISBN 978-1-57441-035-8.
  7. ^ "Brownwood, Texas". Texas Escapes. Texas Escapes - Blueprints For Travel, LLC. Retrieved 30 November 2010.
  8. ^ Metz, Leon Claire (1998). "Charlie Webb Goes Down". John Wesley Hardin: Dark Angel of Texas. University of Oklahoma Press. pp. 133–138. ISBN 978-0-8061-2995-2.
  9. ^ "Indian Creek, Texas". Texas Escapes. Texas Escapes - Blueprints For Travel, LLC. Retrieved 30 November 2010.
  10. ^ Duncan, Patrick L. "Fort Worth and Rio Grande Railway". Handbook of Texas Online. Texas State Historical Association. Retrieved 30 November 2010.
  11. ^ White, Lonnie J. "Camp Bowie". Handbook of Texas Online. Texas State Historical Association. Retrieved 30 November 2010.
  12. ^ Hurt, PhD, R Douglas (2008). The Great Plains during World War II. University of Nebraska Press. pp. 312–347. ISBN 978-0-8032-2409-4.
  13. ^ Lively, Jeannie F. "Howard Payne University". Handbook of Texas Online. Texas State Historical Association. Retrieved 30 November 2010.
  14. ^ Temple, Louann Atkins. "Daniel Baker College". Handbook of Texas Online. Texas State Historical Association. Retrieved 30 November 2010.
  15. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Retrieved April 19, 2015.
  16. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017.
  17. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on April 26, 2015. Retrieved April 19, 2015.
  18. ^ "Texas Almanac: Population History of Counties from 1850–2010" (PDF). Texas Almanac. Retrieved April 19, 2015.
  19. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2013-09-11. Retrieved 2011-05-14.
  20. ^ Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved 2018-07-19.

External links

This page was last edited on 15 September 2019, at 04:10
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