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Botoșani County

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Botoșani County

Județul Botoșani
County
Former Botoșani County Prefecture
Former Botoșani County Prefecture
Coat of arms of Botoșani County
Coat of arms
Location of Botoșani County in Romania
Location of Botoșani County in Romania
Coordinates: 47°50′N 26°49′E / 47.84°N 26.82°E / 47.84; 26.82
Country Romania
Development region1Nord-Est
Historic regionMoldavia
Capital city (Reședință de județ)Botoșani
Government
 • TypeCounty Board
 • President of the County BoardDoina Elena Fedorovici (PSD)
 • Prefect2Adrian Constantinescu
Area
 • Total4,986 km2 (1,925 sq mi)
Area rank29th in Romania
Population
 (2011)
 • Total412,626
 • Rank22nd in Romania
 • Density83/km2 (210/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+2 (EET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+3 (EEST)
Postal Code
71wxyz3
Area code(s)+40 x314
Car PlatesBT5
GDPUS$ 1.726 billion (2015)
GDP per capitaUS$ 4,18 (2015)
WebsiteCounty Board
County Prefecture
1The developing regions of Romania have no administrative role. They were formed just to attract funds from the European Union[citation needed]
2 as of 2007, the Prefect is not a politician, but a public functionary. He (or she) is not allowed to be a member of a political party, and is banned to have any political activity in the first six months after the resignation (or exclusion) from the public functionary corps
3w, x, y, and z are digits that indicate the city, the street, part of the street, or even the building of the address
4x is a digit indicating the operator: 2 for the former national operator, Romtelecom, and 3 for the other ground telephone networks
5used on both the plates of the vehicles that operate only in the county limits (like utility vehicles, ATVs, etc.), and the ones used outside the county

Botoșani County (Romanian pronunciation: [botoˈʃanʲ] (About this soundlisten)) is a county (județ) of Romania, in Western Moldavia (encompassing a few villages in Bukovina), with the capital city at Botoșani.

Demographics

As of 31 October 2011, it had a population of 412,626 and the population density was 83/km2.[1]

Year County population[2][3]
1948 385,236
1956 Increase 428,050
1966 Increase 452,406
1977 Decrease 451,217
1992 Increase 458,904
2002 Decrease 452,834
2011 Decrease 412,626
2016 Increase 455,973

Geography

  • it is situated between Siret and Prut, in the north-east part of the county, Ukraine in the north and Moldova in the east. At the west and south it has borders with the Suceava County and Iași County.
  • it has a total area of 4,986 km2 (2.1% of the Romanian territory).
  • the relief is a high plain, between the valleys of the Siret River, the Prut River and its affluent the Jijia River.
  • temperate climate, influenced by the eastern air masses of the continent.

Neighbours

Economy

This is a predominantly agricultural county; the main industries are the textile industry, the food industry, the electrical components industry, and the glass and porcelain industry.

The Stânca–Costești Hydroelectric Power Station [ro] is one of the largest hydroelectric power plants in Romania. Work on it started in 1973, and it was completed in 1978, at the same time as the Stânca-Costești Dam. They are both situated on the Prut River, between Stânca in Botoșani County and Costești, Moldova.

Politics

The Botoșani County Council, renewed at the 2020 local elections, consists of 32 counsellors, with the following party composition:[4]

    Party Seats Current County Council
  Social Democratic Party (PSD) 15                              
  National Liberal Party (PNL) 12                              
  Alliance of Liberals and Democrats (ALDE) 3                              
  PRO Romania (PRO) 2                              

Administrative divisions

Botoșani County has 2 municipalities, 5 towns and 71 communes:

Municipalities

Towns

Communes

Historical county

Județul Botoșani
County (Județ)
The Botoşani County Prefecture building from the interwar period, currently the county museum.
The Botoşani County Prefecture building from the interwar period, currently the county museum.
Coat of arms of Județul Botoșani
Coat of arms
Romania 1930 county Botosani.png
Country
Flag of Romania.svg
Romania
Historic regionMoldavia
Capital city (Reședință de județ)Botoșani
Area
 • Total3,077 km2 (1,188 sq mi)
Population
 (1930)
 • Total218,258
 • Density71/km2 (180/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+2 (EET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+3 (EEST)

During the years between the world wars, the county extended over different territory than currently. It was located in the northeastern part of Romania, in the northeast of the region or Moldavia. The county included the southern part of the present county and the northern part of the current Iași County. It was bordered to the west by the counties of Suceava and Baia, to the north by Dorohoi, to the east by Bălți, and to the south with Iaşi.

Administration

Map of Botoșani County as it existed in 1938.
Map of Botoșani County as it existed in 1938.

In 1930, the county was divided into three districts (plăṣi):[5]

  1. Plasa Botoșani
  2. Plasa Jijia
  3. Plasa Siret

Administration was re-organized in 1938, comprising 4 districts:

  1. Plasa Bucecea (with 52 villages, headquartered in Târgu Bucecea)
  2. Plasa Răchiți (with 73 villages, headquartered in Botoșani)
  3. Plasa Sulița (with 49 villages, headquartered in Hârlău)
  4. Plasa Ștefănești (with 77 villages, headquartered in Ștefănești)

Population

According to the 1930 census data, the county population was 218,258 inhabitants, ethnically, 88.8% were Romanians, 9.0% were Jews, as well as other minorities. From the religious point of view, 89.4% were Eastern Orthodox, 9.2% Jewish, 0.7% Roman Catholic, as well as other minorities.

Urban population

In 1930, the county's urban population was 50,320 inhabitants, comprising ethnically 64.9% Romanians, 31.3% Jews, 0.9% Germans, as well as other minorities. From the religious point of view, the urban population was composed of Eastern Orthodox (64.5%), Jewish (32.3%), Roman Catholic (2.1%), as well as other minorities.

Notable people

Natives of the county include:

See also

References

  1. ^ Tab8. Populația stabilă după etnie – județe, municipii, orașe, comune
  2. ^ Tab1. Populația la recensămintele din anii 1948, 1956, 1966, 1977, 1992, 2002 și 2011 – categorii de localități și județe
  3. ^ "Populaţia României pe localitati la 1 ianuarie 2016" (in Romanian). INSSE. 6 June 2016. Archived from the original on 27 October 2017. Retrieved 27 October 2017.
  4. ^ "Rezultatele finale ale alegerilor locale din 2020" (Json) (in Romanian). Autoritatea Electorală Permanentă. Retrieved 2 November 2020.
  5. ^ Portretul României Interbelice - Județul Botoșani

External links

This page was last edited on 29 June 2021, at 09:30
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