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Boston National Historical Park

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Boston National Historical Park
BostonFaneuilHall25June07C.jpg
LocationBoston, Massachusetts, USA
Nearest cityBoston, MA
Coordinates42°21′36″N 71°03′23″W / 42.36000°N 71.05639°W / 42.36000; -71.05639
Area43 acres (17 ha)[1]
EstablishedOctober 1, 1974
Visitors2,262,841 (in 2015)[2]
Governing bodyNational Park Service
WebsiteBoston National Historical Park

The Boston National Historical Park is an association of sites that showcase Boston's role in the American Revolution. It was designated a national park on October 1, 1974. Seven of the eight sites are connected by the Freedom Trail, a walking tour of downtown Boston. All eight properties are National Historic Landmarks.

Five of the sites that make up the park are neither owned nor operated by the National Park Service, and operate through cooperative agreements established upon the park's creation. The park service operates visitor centers in Faneuil Hall and at the Charlestown Navy Yard.

YouTube Encyclopedic

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  • ✪ Dry Dock 1, Charlestown Navy Yard, Boston National Historical Park
  • ✪ North End Boston Freedom Trail Tour by National Park Ranger Eric Hanson-Plass
  • ✪ Freedom Trail & Historic Boston - Musket Firing Demo at Minuteman National Historical Park
  • ✪ Minuteman National Historical Park: Birthplace of the American Revolution
  • ✪ Exploring Independence National Historical Park

Transcription

In 1874, 40 years after this dry dock had opened, it had opened on June 24th 1833 The description of this dock, because it was such a magnificent technological marvel was that this dock, that today is over 415 feet long, was like a giant bathtub, a bathtub for an antique giant, in which he could bathe himself, and one of the best descriptions really is that this dock, was a miracle of intelligence, skill, and perseverance. Today as I say, the dock is over 415 feet in overall length, it can hold 4.8 million gallons of water, which seems like a lot of water to us today, but there are bigger dry docks in different parts of this country today It takes almost 14 hours to empty this dock if you're bringing in a vessel like USS Constitution as was done on May 18-19, 2015 In 1833, 182 years ago, the dock was slightly smaller, was about 350 feet in length, and it could take only six hours to pump out the dock at that point in time but still this was a technological marvel, this dock. It allowed the Navy to finally take its great warships out of the water, expose their lower hull, and do all the work that needed to be done, without endangering the ship, and without endangering the men that would work on her.

Contents

Properties

Bunker Hill Monument

The Bunker Hill Monument, located at the top of Breed's Hill in the Charlestown neighborhood of Boston, is a granite obelisk that was constructed in the mid-19th century to commemorate the Battle of Bunker Hill, fought June 17, 1775. The property is owned and administered by the National Park Service. The park service also operates the nearby Bunker Hill Museum.

Charlestown Navy Yard

The Charlestown Navy Yard is located on the southern edge of Charlestown on the banks of the Charles River. Used during the American Revolutionary War as a shipyard, it continued to serve as a base of the United States Navy until 1975, when the Navy turned the property over to the National Park Service. The Yard is home to USS Constitution (the oldest floating commissioned naval vessel in the world), and USS Cassin Young, a destroyer from the Second World War that is now operated as a museum ship.

Dorchester Heights

Dorchester Heights was fortified by General George Washington in March 1776, compelling the British to withdraw from Boston and ending the Siege of Boston. A monument was erected on the site in 1902. Located in South Boston, Dorchester Heights is the only site in the park that is not on the Freedom Trail.

Faneuil Hall

Faneuil Hall was first constructed in the 1740s, and was the site of important pro-independence speeches. The hall is owned and operated by the city of Boston, with the park service offering talks in the Great Hall.

Old North Church

The Old North Church, built in 1723, was the location where Paul Revere had signal lanterns lit on the night of April 18, 1775, prior to his "midnight ride" that led to the Battles of Lexington and Concord and the start of the revolutionary war. The church, the oldest operating in Boston, has an Episcopalian congregation, which owns and operates the building.

Old South Meeting House

The Old South Meeting House, built in 1729 was the site of numerous pre-revolutionary meetings, including one, attended by a crowd estimated at more than 5,000, on the evening prior to the Boston Tea Party in December 1773. It served as a church until 1877, when it became a museum operated by a nonprofit organization dedicated to its preservation.

Old State House

The Old State House is the oldest municipal building in Boston. Built in 1713, it was the seat of the colonial government, and afterward the state government, until 1798. The Boston Massacre took place just in front of the building. In 1881 it was saved from destruction by the Bostonian Society, which was formed specifically to preserve it. The society still operates the City owned building as a museum. The Boston Massacre is reenacted regularly under the society's auspices.

Paul Revere House

Now owned and operated by the Paul Revere Memorial Association, the Paul Revere House is one of the oldest surviving buildings in Boston. It was built in 1680, and was purchased by Paul Revere in 1770. It is now a museum.

Park Service activities

The National Park Service, in addition to managing its properties that are part of the park, operates visitor centers at Faneuil Hall (1st Floor) and at the Navy Yard. It offers guided tours of the Freedom Trail. The Navy offers tours of USS Constitution.

See also

References

  1. ^ "Listing of acreage as of December 31, 2011". Land Resource Division, National Park Service. Retrieved 2012-12-26.
  2. ^ "National Park Service Visitor Use Statistics". National Park Service. Retrieved June 3, 2016.

External links

This page was last edited on 23 May 2019, at 00:34
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