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Boris Pankin
Борис Панкин
Boris Pankin.jpg
Minister of Foreign Affairs of the Soviet Union
In office
28 August – 18 November 1991
PremierIvan Silayev
Preceded byAlexander Bessmertnykh
Succeeded byEduard Shevardnadze
Personal details
Born (1931-02-20) 20 February 1931 (age 90)
Frunze, Kirgiz SSR, Soviet Union
Political partyCommunist Party of the Soviet Union
Alma materMoscow State University

Boris Dimitrievich Pankin (Russian: Борис Дмитриевич Панкин; born 20 February 1931, in Frunze) is a former Soviet diplomat who served as acting Minister of Foreign Affairs of the USSR for a brief period in 1991.

Earlier career

A reformer and journalist, Pankin was Soviet Ambassador to Sweden for eight years from 1982 to 1990.[1] He was brought in to clean up after the Soviet Union's reputation was seriously tarnished in the aftermath of a diplomatic scandal in which a Soviet submarine S-363 became marooned in Swedish territorial waters outside of Karlskrona. The incident became widely known as "Whiskey on the Rocks." Pankin became, and remains, very popular in Sweden, and was the Soviet Union's longest-serving Swedish envoy (although Alexandra Kollontai was Soviet Union's leading diplomat in Stockholm 1930-45, and with the rank of ambassador from 1943).

Pankin was the last Soviet Ambassador to Czechoslovakia (1990–1991).[2] Pankin is credited with preventing the Communist-Czechoslovak government from interfering in the Velvet Revolution - which led to playwright and dissident Václav Havel's rise to the presidency. Pankin is best known for being the highest-ranking diplomat to stand against the August putsch which sought to bring down Mikhail Gorbachev, the last Soviet leader and promulgator of Glasnost and Perestroika. Pankin was later recalled to Moscow to become Gorbachev's Foreign Minister.

August 28, 1991 President of the USSR Mikhail Gorbachev signed a decree appointing Pankin Minister of Foreign Affairs of the USSR and submitted this decision to the Supreme Soviet however, this decree was not approved.[3][4] Despite this, Pankin de facto acting minister.[5][6][3][4] He headed the Foreign Ministry until November 18 of the same year.[7][4]

Soviet Foreign Minister

Pankin had only 100 days to serve as Foreign Minister before the Soviet Union's collapse in 1991. In that short period, he established diplomatic relations with the State of Israel, began the Soviet-US disarmament process, brought the Soviet Union closer to the European Union and purged the KGB from the ranks of the Soviet Foreign Ministry.

Later career

After the Collapse of the Soviet Union Pankin was named Russian Ambassador to the Court of St. James (UK),[1][2] where he served until 1993.[8]

Pankin now lives in Västerort in Stockholm, Sweden, and works as a lecturer and writer. In January 2005 he was given the "Stockholm Citizen of the Month Award" by the local government, recognizing his dedication and loyalty to his adopted home - the city of Stockholm. Boris Pankin sits on the Board of Advisors of the Global Panel Foundation - an NGO known for working behind-the-scenes in conflict areas.



  • Pankin, Boris. The Last Hundred Days of the Soviet Union (ISBN 1850438781)

External links

This page was last edited on 30 April 2021, at 01:44
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