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Monastery of the Mother of God in Hvosno

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Old bell of the Mother of God Monastery in Hvosno
Old bell of the Mother of God Monastery in Hvosno

Monastery of the Mother of God in Hvosno (Serbian: Богородица Хвостанска/Bogorodica Hvostanska, Albanian: Manastiri i Virgjëreshës së Shenjtë të Hvosnos) was a Christian monastery of the Serbian Orthodox Church in the historical region of Hvosno. It was situated at the foot of Mokra Mountain, nearby hamlets Vrelo and Studenica, some 20 kilometers north of the city of Peć, in modern Kosovo.[a] The Monastery was declared Monument of Culture of Exceptional Importance on 10 July 1967, and Republic of Serbia claims to have it under protection.[1]

In the third decade of the 13th century, on the foundations of an older basilica, a new church dedicated to the Dormition of the Theotokos was erected in order to serve as a cathedral seat of the Serbian Orthodox Eparchy of Hvosno. The single-nave church had a dome and an altar apse, semi-circular on the inside, rectangular on the outside. On the northern and southern sides of the narthex, there were two parecclesia, whose outside was masked with a flat surface. The chapels were topped by two towers of greater height than the church dome. The church is in compliance with the Rascian architecture. In the mid-14th century, another single-nave building with a semi-circular apse on the east, and a barrel-vault was adjoined to the church. The second half of the 16th century is a period of artistic thrive of the monastery. Debris of the monastery complex were first researched in 1930, and then from 1966 to 1970, when remains of the church and the monks dwelling-house, together with segments of the fortification, were preserved.[2]

History

Oldest sacral building is the original monastery church, from early Byzantine period, built before the middle of the sixth century and was based on the three-aisled (central nave and two lateral aisles) basilica with a narthex and a semicircular apse where there was a reliquary. When the autocephalous Serbian Archbishopric was founded in 1219,[3] seat of the newly created Eparchy of Hvosno was placed in the Monastery of the Mother of God in the region of Hvosno, and a new church was built within the monastery complex. A century and a half later, after the creation of the Serbian Patriarchate of Peć (1346), the Eparchy of Hvosno was raised to the honorary rank of a Metropolitanate, and as such it is mentioned in written sources in 1473, 1566 and 1635. The last metropolitan Victor is mentioned in 1635. During the Great Serbian Migrations, the Monastery became deserted and dilapidated.[4]

Notes

a. ^ Kosovo is the subject of a territorial dispute between the Republic of Kosovo and the Republic of Serbia. The Republic of Kosovo unilaterally declared independence on 17 February 2008, but Serbia continues to claim it as part of its own sovereign territory. The two governments began to normalise relations in 2013, as part of the 2013 Brussels Agreement. Kosovo is currently recognized as an independent state by 98 out of the 193 United Nations member states. In total, 112 UN member states recognized Kosovo at some point, of which 14 later withdrew their recognition.

References

  1. ^ Rešenje Pokrajinskog zavoda za zaštitu spomenika kulture u Prištini, br. 370 od 10.7.1963.g. Zakon o zaštiti spomenika kulture (Sl. glasnik NRS br. 51/59). (in Serbian)
  2. ^ Monuments of Culture in Serbia: MANASTIR BOGORODICA HVOSTANSKA. (SANU) (in Serbian and English)
  3. ^ Ćirković 2004, p. 43.
  4. ^ Василије Марковић, „Православно монаштво и манастири у средњевековној Србији“ (прво издање), Сремски Карловци, 1920.(in Serbian)

Literature

This page was last edited on 6 January 2020, at 03:26
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