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Bitter Victory

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Bitter Victory
Original US film poster
Directed byNicholas Ray
Screenplay byRené Hardy
Nicholas Ray
Gavin Lambert
Paul Gallico (additional dialogue)[1]
Based onAmère victoire
1956 novel
by René Hardy[1]
Produced byPaul Graetz
StarringRichard Burton
Curt Jürgens
Ruth Roman
CinematographyMichel Kelber
Edited byLéonide Azar
Music byMaurice Leroux
Color processBlack and white
Transcontinental Films S.A.
Robert Laffont Productions
Distributed byColumbia Pictures
Release dates
  • 29 August 1957 (1957-08-29) (Venice FF)
  • 20 November 1957 (1957-11-20) (France)
  • 25 January 1958 (1958-01-25) (UK)
  • 3 March 1958 (1958-03-03) (US)
Running time
102 minutes[2]
United States

Bitter Victory (French title Amère victoire) is a 1957 Franco-American international co-production film, shot in CinemaScope and directed by Nicholas Ray. Set in World War II, it stars Richard Burton and Curt Jürgens as two British Army officers sent out on a commando raid in North Africa. Ruth Roman plays the former lover of one and the wife of the other. It is based on the novel of the same name by René Hardy.


During the Western Desert Campaign of World War II, two Allied officers in Egypt are interviewed to lead a dangerous commando mission far behind enemy lines in Benghazi. Major David Brand, a South African, is a regular army officer but lacks experience of combat and of commanding men in the field. He does not speak Arabic and has only a limited knowledge of the area in Libya in which the patrol is to operate. Captain Jimmy Leith, a Welshman, is an amateur volunteer with extensive knowledge of the area who knows a local guide and speaks fluent Arabic as well. It is decided that both officers will go, with Major Brand in command. The men see Brand as a disciplinarian - "the only thing he's slept with is the rule book".

Major Brand's wife Jane is a Women's Auxiliary Air Force (WAAF) Flight Officer who enlisted to be near her husband. When Brand invites Leith to drinks with his wife, he picks up the fact that the two had had an affair before she married Brand. Leith had walked out on her without explanation.

The unit parachutes behind enemy lines with the mission of attacking a German headquarters and bringing back secret plans from a safe to be opened by Wilkins, an experienced safecracker. Dressed as local civilians, Brand's hand shakes with fright when he has to knife a German sentry; the deed is done by Leith.

The mission is completed with the British suffering only one death and one man wounded. The patrol ambushes a German detachment, capturing Oberst Lutze, who Brand knows was responsible for the secret information. Possibly in the hope of getting rid of Leith, Brand leaves him alone with two seriously wounded men, one British, one German. Leith decides to put them out of their pain. He shoots the German, who pleads for his life. The Briton encourages Leith to act quickly and get it over with. Leith puts his pistol to the soldier's head and fires but there are no bullets left. Rather than reloading, Leith picks the man up and sets out to carry him to safety. The man cries out in agony and curses Leith's failure, but dies before Leith puts him down again. Leith, whose Arab friend has joined him, then catches up with the rest of the unit.

The patrol is supposed to escape on camels but they discover the men left with them have been murdered and the camels taken. During the long march back across the desert, Brand's animosity towards Leith grows, not only due to the affair with his wife but to Brand's fear that Leith will reveal him as a coward to headquarters and destroy his career. While the group are resting, Brand sees a scorpion climb up the leg of Leith's trousers but does not warn him in time. When Leith is stung, Brand refrains from shooting him as his orders permit and lets him die in pain during a sandstorm. The men believe he killed him.

A patrol eventually picks up the group and takes them back to HQ. Brand's wife is distraught to learn of Leith's death and when Brand is immediately awarded the Distinguished Service Order, instead of congratulating him, she walks off disconsolate. In the closing shot Brand ruefully pins the medal on a stuffed training dummy.

Main cast

Production and release

Although labelled a Franco-American co-production, Bitter Victory was mainly a French production, made by Transcontinental Films, the production company set up by German-born producer Paul Graetz (not to be confused with the German actor with the same name). The US co-production consisted of Columbia Pictures putting up some financing in return for worldwide distribution rights. The French financing came from the publisher Robert Laffont. Production started on 17 February 1957 and finished two months later. Much of the film was shot on location in Libya, with support from the British War Office and the British Army, while some interior scenes were done at the Victorine Studios, Nice, France.[1][4]

Christopher Lee writes in his autobiography that upon arriving in Libya, all but the main stars essentially took part in a cast lottery for parts. Nobody was satisfied with the role they ended up with, particularly Raymond Pellegrin, who was stuck as an Arab guide who had only four lines. Lee says that the whole cast parted, "in the certain knowledge of having shared in a failure."[5]

The film had its premiere at the 18th Venice Film Festival on 29 August 1957,[6] where it competed for the Golden Lion award (which went to Satyajit Ray's Aparajito) as a French entry, but with English dialogue and Italian subtitles.[4][7] The first general release was in France, on 20 November 1957.[8]

The film's British distributors released a second version with the final scenes removed, cutting the film down from 101 minutes to 90. This version, released on 25 January 1958,[9] ends with the arrival of help and Lutze setting fire to the documents. The British Board of Film Censors (predecessor of the British Board of Film Classification) required only minor cuts, which made Leith's execution of the wounded German less explicit. In 2006 British television aired the uncut version for the first time.[10] The film was released in the United States on 3 March 1958, cut to 83 minutes.

See also


  1. ^ a b c BFI database: Amère victoire - technical credits Retrieved 3 November 2012
  2. ^ BBFC: Bitter Victory - Submitted runtime Retrieved 3 November 2012
  3. ^ female equivalent of Flight Lieutenant at the time
  4. ^ a b AFI Catalog of Feature Films: Bitter Victory Linked 3 November 2013
  5. ^ Lee, Christopher (2004). Lord of Misrule. Orion. p. 170.
  6. ^ IMDb: Bitter Victory - release dates Retrieved 3 November 2012
  7. ^ Article in The Times, 4 September 1957, page 3: Venice Film Festival Gets Off To a Bad Start - found in The Times Digital Archives 3 November 2013
  8. ^ Encyclo Ciné: Amère victoire Archived 22 December 2019 at the Wayback Machine Linked 4 November 2013
  9. ^ Review in The Times, 27 January 1958, page 12: Talent Misused if Film of Desert Warfare Found in The Times Digital Archive 3 November 2013
  10. ^ BFI database: Amère victoire - TV transmissions Retrieved 3 November 2012

External links

This page was last edited on 26 April 2022, at 09:38
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