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Bistrița-Năsăud County

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Bistrița-Năsăud County
Județul Bistrița-Năsăud
County
Colibița Lake, Bistrița-Năsăud County
Colibița Lake, Bistrița-Năsăud County
Coat of arms of Bistrița-Năsăud County
Location of Bistrița-Năsăud County in Romania
Location of Bistrița-Năsăud County in Romania
Country Romania
Development region1Nord-Vest
Historic regionTransylvania
Capital city (Reședință de județ)Bistrița
Government
 • TypeCounty Board
 • President of the County CouncilEmil Radu Moldovan
 • Prefect2Nastasia Bob
Area
 • Total5,355 km2 (2,068 sq mi)
Area rank26th in Romania
Population
 (2011)
 • Total277,861
 • Rank35th in Romania
 • Density52/km2 (130/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+2 (EET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+3 (EEST)
Postal Code
42wxyz3
Area code(s)+40 x634
Car PlatesBN5
GDPUS$1.868 billion (2015)
GDP per capitaUS$6,723 (2015)
WebsiteCounty Council
County Prefecture
1The developing regions of Romania have no administrative role, but were formed in order to manage funds from the European Union
2 as of 2007, the Prefect is not a politician, but a public functionary. He (or she) is not allowed to be a member of a political party, and is banned from having any political activity in the first six months after resigning (or being excluded) from the public functionaries' corps.
3w, x, y, and z are digits that indicate the city, the street, part of the street, or even the building of the address
4x is a digit indicating the operator: 2 for the former national operator, Romtelecom, and 3 for the other ground telephone networks
5used on both the plates of the vehicles that operate only in the county limits (like utility vehicles, ATVs, etc.), and the ones used outside the county

Bistrița-Năsăud (Romanian pronunciation: [ˈbistrit͡sa nəsəˈud] (About this soundlisten)) is a county (județ) of Romania, in Transylvania, with the capital city at Bistrița.

Name

In Hungarian, it is known as Beszterce-Naszód megye, and in German as Kreis Bistritz-Nassod. The name is identical with the county created in 1876, Beszterce-Naszód County (Romanian: Comitatul Bistriţa-Năsăud) in the Kingdom of Hungary (the county was recreated in 1940 after the Second Vienna Award, as it became part of Hungary again). Except these, as part of Romania, until 1925 the former administrative organizations were kept when a new county system was introduced. Between 1925–1940 and 1945–1950, most of its territory belonged to the Năsăud County, with smaller parts belonging to the Mureș, Cluj, and Someș counties.

Demographics

On 31 October 2011, it had a population of 277,861 and the population density was 51/km2 (130/sq mi).[1]

83.1% of inhabitants were Romanian Orthodox, 6.3% Pentecostal, 4.6% Reformed, 2.3% Greek-Catholic, 1.2% Roman Catholic, 0.8% Baptist, 0.7% belonged to "another religion", 0.5% Seventh-day Adventist and 0.5% other or none.

Year County population[2]
1948 233,650 Steady
1956 255,789 Increase
1966 269,954 Increase
1977 286,628 Increase
1992 327,238 Increase
2002 311,657 Decrease
2011 277,861 Decrease

Geography

The county has a total area of 5,355 km2 (2,068 sq mi). One third of this surface represents the mountains from the Eastern Carpathians group: the Țibleș, Rodna, Bârgău and Călimani Mountains. The rest of the surface represents the North-East side of the Transylvanian Plateau.

The main river crossing the county is the Someșul Mare. On the Bistrița River there is a big dam and a lake.

Neighbours

Politics

The Bistrița-Năsăud County Council, renewed at the 2020 local elections, consists of 30 counsellors, with the following party composition:[3]

    Party Seats Current County Council
  Social Democratic Party (PSD) 14                            
  National Liberal Party (PNL) 12                            
  People's Movement Party (PMP) 4                            

Administrative divisions

Bistrița (German: Bistritz/Nösen)
Bistrița (German: Bistritz/Nösen)
Entrance from the west, in Năsăud
Entrance from the west, in Năsăud

Bistrița-Năsăud County has 1 municipality, 3 towns and 58 communes.

People

Natives of the county include:

See also

References

  1. ^ "COMUNICAT DE PRESĂ : 2 februarie 2012 privind rezultatele provizorii ale Recensământului Populaţiei şi Locuinţelor – 2011" (PDF). Recensamantromania.ro. Retrieved 11 April 2018.
  2. ^ "Populația la recensămintele din anii 1948, 1956, 1966, 1977, 1992, 2002 și 2011" (PDF) (in Romanian). National Institute of Statistics. Archived from the original (PDF) on 22 September 2006. Retrieved 3 January 2018.
  3. ^ "Rezultatele finale ale alegerilor locale din 2020" (Json) (in Romanian). Autoritatea Electorală Permanentă. Retrieved 2 November 2020.

This page was last edited on 27 October 2021, at 19:07
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