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Birmingham Deritend (UK Parliament constituency)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Birmingham Deritend was a constituency of the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom from 1918 to 1950. It elected one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first-past-the-post system of election.

Boundaries

Prior to 1918 the parliamentary borough of Birmingham (within its boundaries in 1885) was split into seven single-member divisions. Under the Representation of the People Act 1918 the city contained twelve divisions, one of which was Birmingham Deritend.

This division of Birmingham was composed of the City Council Wards of St. Bartholomew's, St. Martin's and Deritend as they existed in 1918.[1] The St. Martin's and Deritend wards had previously been part of the Birmingham South constituency, and the St. Bartholomew's ward had previously been part of the Birmingham Bordesley constituency.[2]

In the redistribution under the Representation of the People Act 1948 which took effect in 1950, the then Deritend and St. Martin's wards became part of Birmingham Sparkbrook, and the St. Bartholomew's ward became part of Birmingham Small Heath.[3]

Members of Parliament

Election Member [4] Party
1918 John William Dennis Coalition Conservative
1922 Smedley Crooke Conservative
1929 Fred Longden Labour Co-operative
1931 Sir Smedley Crooke Conservative
1945 Fred Longden Labour Co-operative
1950 constituency abolished

Election results

General election 1945: Birmingham Deritend[5]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Co-op Fred Longden 9,749 65.3
Conservative Gordon Richards Matthews 5,172 34.7
Majority 4,577 30.6
Turnout 14,941 63.0 n/a
Registered electors 23,693
Labour Co-op gain from Conservative Swing 18.6

Election in the 1930s

General election 14 November 1935:
constituency of Birmingham Deritend
Composed of the Birmingham wards of St Bartholomew and St Martins & Deritend
Electorate 42,078, Turnout 59.6%,[5]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Smedley Crooke 14,925 59.5%
Labour Co-op Fred Longden 10,144 40.5%
Majority 4,781 19.0% N/A
Conservative hold Swing
General election 27 October 1931:
constituency of Birmingham Deritend
Composed of the Birmingham wards of St Bartholomew and St Martins & Deritend
Electorate 45,671, Turnout 71.9%,[5]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Smedley Crooke 21,684 66.0%
Labour Co-op Fred Longden 11,163 34.0%
Majority 10,521 32.0%
Conservative gain from Labour Co-op Swing

Election in the 1920s

General election 1929: Birmingham Deritend[5]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Co-op Fred Longden 16,932 50.7 +2.2
Unionist Smedley Crooke 14,165 42.5 −9.0
Liberal Beta Hornabrook 2,268 6.8 n/a
Majority 2,767 8.2 n/a
Turnout 33,365 70.6 +1.3
Registered electors 47,262
Labour Co-op gain from Unionist Swing +5.6
General election 1924: Birmingham Deritend [5]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Smedley Crooke 13,552 51.5 −4.6
Labour Co-op Fred Longden 12,760 48.5 +4.6
Majority 792 3.0 −9.2
Turnout 26,312 69.3 +12.5
Registered electors 37,980
Conservative hold Swing −4.6
General election 1923: Birmingham Deritend[5]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Unionist Smedley Crooke 12,015 56.1 +7.2
Labour Fred Longden 9,396 43.9 +15.1
Majority 2,619 12.2 −7.9
Turnout 21,411 56.8 −7.9
Registered electors 37,671
Unionist hold Swing −4.0
General election 1922: Birmingham Deritend[5]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Unionist Smedley Crooke 11,700 48.9 −33.8
Labour Fred Longden 6,892 28.8 N/A
Liberal Herbert Willison 5,331 22.3 +5.0
Majority 4,808 20.1 −45.3
Registered electors 36,985
Unionist hold Swing N/A

Election in the 1910s

General election 14 December 1918:
constituency of Birmingham Deritend
Composed of the Birmingham wards of St Bartholomew and St Martins & Deritend
Electorate 38,552, Turnout 43.9%,[5]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
C Unionist John William Dennis 9,495 82.7
Liberal Arthur Brampton 1,990 17.3
Majority 7,505 65.4
Unionist win (new seat)
C indicates candidate endorsed by the coalition government.

Sources

  • Boundaries of Parliamentary Constituencies 1885-1972, compiled and edited by F.W.S. Craig (Parliamentary Reference Publications 1972)

References

  1. ^ Representation of the People Act 1918, Schedule 9
  2. ^ Representation of the People Act 1885, Schedule 6
  3. ^ Representation of the People Act 1948, Schedule 1
  4. ^ Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "D" (part 1)
  5. ^ a b c d e f g h Craig, F.W.S., ed. (1969). British parliamentary election results 1918-1949. Glasgow: Political Reference Publications. p. 81. ISBN 0-900178-01-9.
This page was last edited on 6 November 2019, at 23:09
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