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Birmingham Civil Rights National Monument

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Birmingham Civil Rights National Monument
A.G. Gaston Motel, Birmingham, Alabama LCCN2010636968.tif
The A.G. Gaston Motel is included in the monument.
LocationBirmingham, Alabama, United States
Coordinates33°30′55″N 86°48′53″W / 33.51528°N 86.81472°W / 33.51528; -86.81472
Area18.25 acres (7.39 ha)
WebsiteBirmingham Civil Rights National Monument
Part ofBirmingham Civil Rights District (ID06000940)
Significant dates
Added to NRHPOctober 19, 2006
Designated NMONJanuary 12, 2017[1]

The Birmingham Civil Rights National Monument is a United States National Monument in Birmingham, Alabama established in 2017 to preserve and commemorate the work of the Civil Rights Movement. The monument is administered by the National Park Service.[2]


President Barack Obama signed a proclamation on January 12, 2017 which designated half of the Birmingham Civil Rights District as a U.S. National Monument. Other proclamations signed the same day established the Freedom Riders National Monument in Anniston[3][4] and the Reconstruction Era National Monument in Beaufort County, South Carolina.[5]


Birmingham was the site of the Birmingham campaign, Martin Luther King's Letter from Birmingham Jail, the Children's Crusade with its images of students being attacked by water hoses and dogs, the bombing of the Gaston Motel – the movement's headquarters motel now designated as a National Monument – and the 16th Street Baptist Church bombing.

Most of the national monument resides within the larger 36-acre (15 ha) Birmingham Civil Rights District, which was designated in 1992 by the City of Birmingham. HIstoric sites within the monument include the A.G. Gaston Motel, 16th Street Baptist Church, Kelly Ingram Park, and St. Paul United Methodist Church. The National Monument also includes the historic building of Bethel Baptist Church in Birmingham's Collegeville neighborhood.[6]

See also


  1. ^ Proclamation 9565: Establishment of the Birmingham Civil Rights National Monument . 2017-01-12 – via Wikisource.
  2. ^ Pres. Obama signs executive order establishing Birmingham Civil Rights National Monument Archived 2017-10-07 at the Wayback Machine. WBRC, 11 January 2017
  3. ^ Edgemon, Erin (12 January 2017). "President Obama signs proclamation creating Birmingham Civil Rights National Monument". The Birmingham News. Retrieved 22 February 2018.
  4. ^ Obama, Barack (12 January 2017). "Presidential Proclamations -- Establishment of the Freedom Riders National Monument". The White House, Office of the Press Secretary. Retrieved 22 February 2018.
  5. ^ "FACT SHEET: President Obama Designates National Monuments Honoring Civil Rights History". 12 January 2017. Retrieved 13 January 2017 – via National Archives.
  6. ^ "President Obama signs proclamation creating Birmingham Civil Rights National Monument". al. 2017-01-13. Retrieved 2021-06-19.

External links

This page was last edited on 19 June 2021, at 17:36
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