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Bill DeWitt
William DeWitt Browns.jpg
DeWitt in 1941
William Orville DeWitt Sr.

(1902-08-03)August 3, 1902
DiedMarch 4, 1982(1982-03-04) (aged 79)
OccupationBaseball executive

William Orville DeWitt Sr. (August 3, 1902 — March 4, 1982) was an American professional baseball executive and club owner whose career in Major League Baseball spanned more than 60 years. His son William Jr. is currently the principal owner and managing partner of the St. Louis Cardinals, while grandson William O. DeWitt III is the Cardinals' president.

The senior DeWitt grew up in St. Louis. One of his first jobs, in 1916, was selling soda pop at the St. Louis Browns' home field, Sportsman's Park. He began his formal baseball career with the Cardinals as a protégé of Branch Rickey, who moved from the Browns to the Redbirds late in 1916 and would become a legendary executive and member of the Baseball Hall of Fame. As a young man, DeWitt received a law degree from Washington University in St. Louis and became treasurer of the Cardinals.

But DeWitt ultimately joined the Browns, the city's underdog American League team, in November 1936 as minority owner (initially in partnership with majority stockholder Donald Lee Barnes) and general manager.[1]

YouTube Encyclopedic

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  • ✪ Before the Cardinals, there was the St. Louis Browns
  • ✪ Cardinals chairman Bill DeWitt Jr. at 2016 Winter Warm-Up
  • ✪ Bill DeWitt Jr. and John Mozeliak On Paul Goldschmidt Contract Extension
  • ✪ Bill DeWitt III: "I got a little bit emotional" during Pujols' return
  • ✪ Cardinals Insider Season 4, Episode 2 | March 24, 2019



Pennant-winning GM/owner of St. Louis Browns

The Browns were cash-strapped and struggling to survive as the second team in one of the smallest cities in the Major Leagues during The Great Depression. They had drawn only 93,267 fans during the entire 1936 season.[2]

"We operated close to the belt. We had to", DeWitt told author William B. Mead in the 1978 book Even the Browns: Baseball During World War II. "Once we ran out of cash. Barnes tried to get the board of directors to put up some money. They said, 'No! That's money down the rat hole.' A lot wealthy guys, too ... The Browns had a hell of a time because the Cardinals were so popular and the Browns couldn't do a damned thing. We didn't have any attendance money to build up the ball club with. Most of the clubs had players in the minors that were better than some of the ones we had on the Browns."[3]

The Browns' attendance perked up when they were allowed to play more night home games than other AL teams. Meanwhile, Rickey disciple DeWitt managed to use some of his scant resources to strengthen the Browns' farm system and scouting department, signing and developing Vern Stephens, Al Zarilla and Jack Kramer—all future Major League stars.[3] He also attempted to add depth and unearth hidden talent by trading the Browns' few veteran assets, such as pitcher Bobo Newsom, for second-string players or minor leaguers with other organizations. Still, the team was nearly moved to Los Angeles after the 1941 season; however, the American League's secret vote on the transfer was scheduled for the week of December 8, and the attack on Pearl Harbor on Sunday, December 7, plunged the U.S. into World War II and saved the Browns for St. Louis for another dozen seasons.[4]

In 1944, under DeWitt's leadership as general manager, the Browns captured their only American League pennant. They won only 89 games (losing 65), but outlasted the Detroit Tigers by a single game. They drew as their World Series opponents their formidable tenants at Sportsman's Park, the Cardinals, who had won 105 games to breeze to their third consecutive National League championship. In the all-St. Louis 1944 World Series, the Browns took the opener and Game 3, but then they dropped the final three games to the Redbirds, who were in the process of winning three World Series titles in a five-year span. Nevertheless, DeWitt was named 1944 Major League Executive of the Year by The Sporting News to recognize his achievement.

The Browns' 1944 pennant is often downplayed by observers because it occurred during the height of the World War II manpower shortage, when most of the top American League players were in military service.[3] But DeWitt's wartime Browns were one of the more successful teams in the American League, also posting winning campaigns in 1942 and 1945. During the latter year, they employed Pete Gray, an outfielder who, despite having only one arm, had become a capable minor league player. However, in 1946, the first postwar season, the Browns fell back into the second division and never enjoyed another winning campaign in St. Louis. DeWitt was forced to sell Stephens, Kramer and Zarilla—along with pitcher Ellis Kinder, a future 20-game-winner—to the wealthy Boston Red Sox to keep the team solvent.

DeWitt and his brother Charlie (1901–67), the Browns' traveling secretary, bought control of the club from majority owner Richard C. Muckerman in 1948, but the team's struggles on the field and at the box office continued: they averaged 97 losses and an attendance of less than 285,000 a season from 1948–50. Finally, the DeWitts sold the Browns to Bill Veeck in June 1951. Bill DeWitt remained in the Browns' front office until Veeck was forced to sell the club; it then moved from St. Louis to become the Baltimore Orioles in 1954.

Making an impact in Detroit

DeWitt then served as assistant general manager of the New York Yankees from 1954–56 and as administrator of the "Professional Baseball Fund" in the office of the Commissioner of Baseball until September 1959, when he became president and de facto general manager of the Detroit Tigers. In his 14 months as the Tigers' president, DeWitt participated in three significant trades with swap-happy Cleveland Indians GM Frank Lane during the 1960 season.

Another pennant, then ownership of the Reds

DeWitt in 1962.
DeWitt in 1962.

DeWitt, however, moved on himself shortly after the end of the 1960 season, replacing Gabe Paul as GM of the Cincinnati Reds.[5] He made a number of deals for players such as Joey Jay (a disappointment with the Milwaukee Braves who became a 20-game winner in Cincinnati), Don Blasingame and Gene Freese, and the Reds went on to win the 1961 National League pennant after winning just 67 games in 1960. Owner Powel Crosley died suddenly before the start of the 1961 season. By year's end, DeWitt would purchase 100% Reds ownership from the Crosley estate.

The Reds contended for most of that time, falling three games short of repeating in 1962 & one game short of the NL pennant in 1964, and enjoyed a productive farm system. In the 1965 campaign, the Reds led the National League in runs scored (825) and run differential (+121), but finished in fourth place, eight games behind Los Angeles, due to an inability to win close games. Sorely in need of pitching, DeWitt controversially traded future Hall of Fame outfielder Frank Robinson to the Orioles for two pitchers and a minor league outfielder; the outrage over the trade made it difficult for one of the pitchers, former Orioles standout Milt Pappas, to adjust to pitching in Cincinnati. (The trade has been made famous in the 1988 movie Bull Durham, where Susan Sarandon's character says, "Bad trades are a part of baseball; I mean who can forget Frank Robinson for Milt Pappas, for God's sake?") After announcing the trade, DeWitt famously defended the trade by calling Robinson "not a young 30." In his first season with the Orioles, Robinson won the Triple Crown, was unanimously voted the American League Most Valuable Player, and led the Orioles to their first World Series title. Pappas won 28 games in his first two seasons in Cincinnati before being traded to Atlanta after beginning the 1968 season 2-5. Among the players coming to Cincinnati in that trade would be future bullpen ace Clay Carroll. Another player involved in the trade for Frank Robinson was Dick Simpson. Simpson, a physical specimen who was both fast and powerful, just couldn't hit major league pitching, despite being a minor league standout. Simpson was traded two years later to the St. Louis Cardinals for .300 hitter and future batting champion Alex Johnson. [1].

The Robinson deal somewhat clouded DeWitt's Cincinnati legacy, although many of the players he had signed or developed became key members of the team's "Big Red Machine" dynasty of the 1970s. He sold the Reds to a syndicate led by Cincinnati newspaper publisher Francis L. Dale (and including William DeWitt Jr.) in December 1966. The following year, his name was briefly linked with an ownership group that unsuccessfully sought an expansion team for Buffalo, New York, as both leagues announced plans to grow from 10 to 12 teams in 1969.[6] DeWitt's last official post in baseball was as chairman and minority owner of the Chicago White Sox from 1975 to 1981, working with the flamboyant Veeck once again.

He died in Cincinnati, Ohio, of undisclosed causes on March 4, 1982 at age 79.


  1. ^ Obituary, The Associated Press, 1982-3-4
  2. ^ Baseball-Almanac
  3. ^ a b c Mead, William B., Even the Browns: Baseball During World War II. Chicago: Contemporary Books, 1978, pp. 57–65
  4. ^ Snyder, John, 365 Oddball Days in St. Louis Cardinals History
  5. ^ Boyle, Robert (June 13, 1966). "Cincinnati's brain-picker". Sports Illustrated.
  6. ^ Holtzman, Jerome, "A.L. Vote to Expand Marks 1967 History." The Sporting News Official 1968 Baseball Guide, page 181

See also

Preceded by
St. Louis Browns general manager
Succeeded by
Bill Veeck
Preceded by
Harvey Hansen
Detroit Tigers president
Succeeded by
John Fetzer
Preceded by
Rick Ferrell
Detroit Tigers general manager
Succeeded by
Rick Ferrell
Preceded by
Gabe Paul
Cincinnati Reds general manager
Succeeded by
Bob Howsam
This page was last edited on 9 September 2019, at 18:23
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