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Bezirk Lothringen

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

District of Lorraine
Bezirk Lothringen (in German)
Présidence de Lorraine (in French)
District of Alsace-Lorraine
1871–1918/1920
Coat of arms
Bezirk Lothringen.jpg

Lorraine district with its subdistricts in different colours (1890)
CapitalMetz
Area 
• 1900
6,223 km2 (2,403 sq mi)
• 1910
6,228 km2 (2,405 sq mi)
Population 
• 1900
564829
• 1910
655211
Government
 • Typeregional administration
Bezirkspräsident 
• 1871–1872
G.H. von Donnersmarck
• 1872–1873
Botho zu Eulenburg
• 1875–1876
Robert von Puttkamer
Präsident des Bezirkstags (speaker of parl.) 
• 1874–1881
Auguste-François Adam
• 1881–1911
Eduard Jaunez
• 1911–1918
Georges Ditsch
LegislatureBezirkstag (parliament)
Historical era19th and 20th century
1870–1871
• seized to Germany
19 May 1871 1871
• reorganisation acc.
to German standards

1871
• Bezirkstag est.
1874
• reg. carsign VI C
1906
• French occupation
1918–1920
• seized to France
Versailles Tr. (effective)

10 January 1920 1918/1920
• reconstituted as
Moselle dept.
1920
Political subdivisions8 rural districts (as of 1901)
1 urban district (Metz)
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Image missing
Moselle (old)
Image missing
Meurthe (department)
Moselle (department)
Blason département fr Moselle.svg
Today part of France
BlasonLorraine.svg
Part of the series on
Lorraine
Flag of Lorraine.svg
Flag of Lorraine since the 13th century

Bezirk Lothringen (French: Présidence [1] de la Lorraine;[2] i.e. Department of Lorraine), also called German Lorraine (deutsches Lothringen), was the name for a Department ("Bezirk") in the western part of Alsace-Lorraine when it was part of the German Empire from 1871 to 1918.

History

The District of Lorraine was unlike Prussian government regions no simple governorate but a corporation of self-rule of the pertaining rural and urbans subdistricts and cantons, similar to regions in the then neighbouring Bavaria (Palatinate). Thus the district parliaments delegated deputies to the General Council (parliament), the Bezirkstag von Lothringen (French: Conseil Général de la Lorraine). The capital of the District of Lorraine was Metz.

Territorial composition

The department comprised the districts ("Kreise") of :

  1. Metz, independent city (Stadtkreis)
  2. "Kreis Bolchen", seated in Bolchen (Boulay)
  3. "Kreis Château-Salins", seated in Château-Salins
  4. "Kreis Diedenhofen-Ost", seated in Diedenhofen (Thionville)
  5. "Kreis Diedenhofen-West", seated in Diedenhofen (Thionville)
  6. "Kreis Forbach", seated in Forbach
  7. "Kreis Metz-Land", seated in Metz
  8. "Kreis Saarburg",[3] seated in Saarburg (Sarrebourg)
  9. "Kreis Saargemünd", seated in Saargemünd (Sarreguemines)

The district of Lorraine corresponds exactly to the current département of Moselle. After the outbreak of the Second World War and the defeat of France in 1940, the département of Moselle, renamed CdZ-Gebiet Lothringen, was added to the Gau Westmark on 30 November 1940.[4]

District presidents

(German: Bezirkspräsident/French: Président de district)

  • 1871-1872 : Guido Henckel von Donnersmarck, as préfet/Präfekt
  • 1872-1873 : Botho zu Eulenburg, as department president
  • 1873-1874 : Adolf von Arnim-Boitzenburg
  • 1875-1876 : Robert von Puttkamer
  • 1877-1880 : Friedrich Albrecht Karl Johann von Reitzenstein
  • 1881-1882 : Adalbert von Flottwell
  • 1883-1900 : Hans von Hammerstein-Loxten
  • 1901-1912 : Johann Friedrich Alexander von Zeppelin-Aschhausen
  • 1913-1918 : Karl von Gemmingen-Hornberg

Bibliography

  • Amtsblatt für den Bezirk Lothringen / Recueil officiel des actes administratifs du Département de la Lorraine (departmental legal gazette; appeared December 1870 to 1918)
  • Ernst Bruck, Das Verfassungs- und Verwaltungsrecht von Elsaß-Lothringen: 3 vols., Straßburg im Elsass: Trübner, 1908–1910.
  • Stefan Fisch, „Das Elsaß im deutschen Kaiserreich (1870/71–1918)“, in: Das Elsass: Historische Landschaft im Wandel der Zeit, Michael Erbe (ed.), Stuttgart: Kohlhammer Verlag, 2003, pp. 123–146. ISBN 3-17-015771-X.
  • Georg Lang, Der Regierungs-Bezirk Lothringen: statistisch-topographisches Handbuch, Verwaltung-Schematismus und Adressbuch, Metz: Lang, 1874
  • Verhandlungen des Bezirkstages von Lothringen / Procès-verbaux des délibérations du Conseil Général de la Lorraine, Metz (proceedings of the departmental parliament sessions, appeared from 1874 to 1918)

External links

References

  1. ^ F. ROTH La Présidence de Lorraine dans l’Empire allemand de 1871 à 1918, Annales de l’Est, Mémoire n° 50, Nancy, 1976, Moulin-les-Metz, 720 pages
  2. ^ German was the official language and its promotion was furthered, but bearing the strong proportion of French-speaking Lorrainese in mind several bilingual publications appeared especially referring to the area of their settlement in the west and south of the Department or referring to department-wide events and organisations. In official bilingual publications the Bezirk Lothringen is translated as Département de la Lorraine. Cf. the title of the department's legal gazette: Amtsblatt für den Bezirk Lothringen / Recueil officiel des actes administratifs du Département de la Lorraine.
  3. ^ Not to be confused with the former Rhenish Kreis Saarburg, seated in Saarburg in the Rhineland.
  4. ^ Jacques Lorraine (Edmond Huntzbuchler): Les Allemands en France. Origines, Bretagne, Zone interdite Est, Bourgogne, Alsace et Lorraine, Alger-Oran: editions du Désert, 1945, pp. 121–124.

This page was last edited on 14 October 2020, at 23:43
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