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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Saint Beuno
St.Beuno - Fassade.jpg
St Beuno's church (left) and chapel (right)
at Clynnog in Gwynedd
Abbot
Bornlate 6th century
Powys
Died(640-04-21)21 April 640
Clynnog Fawr
Venerated inOrthodox Christianity
Roman Catholism
Anglicanism
CanonizedPre-congregation
Major shrineClynnog Fawr
Feast21 April (trad.)
20 April (Cath.)
AttributesAbbot
Patronagesick children; against diseased cattle

Saint Beuno (Latin: Bonus;[1] d. 640), sometimes anglicized as Bono, was a 7th-century Welsh abbot, confessor, and saint. Baring-Gould gives St Beuno's date of death as 21 April 640,[1] making that date his traditional feastday. In the current Roman Catholic liturgical calendar for Wales,[2] he is commemorated on 20 April, the 21st being designated for Saint Anselm.

Name

His name has been reconstructed as *Bou[g]nou in Old Welsh, with a proposed derivation from the common Celtic *Bou[o]-gnāw-, with a meaning related to "Knowing Cattle".[3]

Life

Beuno was said to have been born at Berriew in Powys and to have been the grandson of a prince of the local dynasty, which descended from Vortigern, king of Britain. After education and ordination in the monastery at Bangor in northern Wales, he became an active missionary with the support of Cadfan, king of Gwynedd. Cadfan's son and successor Cadwallon deceived Beuno about some land and, when the saint demanded justice, proved unsympathetic. Thereupon, Cadwallon's cousin Gwyddaint "gave to God and Beuno forever" his land at Clynnog Fawr on the Llŷn peninsula. Beuno established his own monastery at the site and died there peacefully "on the seventh day of Easter".[4]

Miracles

Drawing of a stained glass window depicting Saint Beuno
Drawing of a stained glass window depicting Saint Beuno

Beuno was credited with raising seven people from the dead, including his niece, the virgin Winefride (Gwenffrewi), and his disciple and cousin, Aelhaiarn. He was said to have had a "wondrous vision" prior to his death.[4]

Legacy

Eleven churches bear Saint Beuno's name, including one in his monastery at Clynnog Fawr, and one in Culbone on the Somerset coast. Although his establishment at Clynnog is destroyed, his grave chapel survives. In Tremeirchion, near St Asaph, is St Beuno's, a former theological college and now a Jesuit spirituality retreat centre.[5]

See also

Further reading

  • Sims-Williams, Patrick (2007) [2004]. "Beuno [St Beuno] (d. 653/9)". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press.
  •  This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainHerbermann, Charles, ed. (1913). "St. Beuno". Catholic Encyclopedia. New York: Robert Appleton.

References

  1. ^ a b Baring-Gould & Fisher, "Lives of the British Saints" (1907), quoted at St. Beuno Gasulsych, Early British Kingdoms website by David Nash Ford, accessed 6 February 2012
  2. ^ National Calendar for Wales, accessed 6 February 2012
  3. ^ Koch, John T. (ed.), Celtic Culture, ABC-CLIO, 2006, p. 206.
  4. ^ a b Ryan, Patrick W.F. "St. Beuno." The Catholic Encyclopedia. Vol. 2. New York: Robert Appleton Company, 1907. 12 May 2013
  5. ^ Beunos.com, retrieved 12 November 2018
This page was last edited on 4 April 2019, at 09:49
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