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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Betsy Blair
Blair in Marty (1955)
Born
Elizabeth Winifred Boger

(1923-12-11)December 11, 1923
DiedMarch 13, 2009(2009-03-13) (aged 85)
London, England
OccupationActress
Years active1947–2003
Known for
Spouses
(m. 1941; div. 1957)
(m. 1963; died 2002)
Children1

Betsy Blair (born Elizabeth Winifred Boger;[1] December 11, 1923 – March 13, 2009) was an American actress of film and stage, long based in London.

Blair pursued a career in entertainment from the age of eight, and as a child worked as an amateur dancer, performed on radio, and worked as a model, before joining the chorus of Billy Rose's Diamond Horseshoe in 1940. There she met Gene Kelly; they were married the following year, when she was age 17 and divorced sixteen years later in 1957.

After work in the theatre, Blair began her film career playing supporting roles in films such as A Double Life (1947) and Another Part of the Forest (1948). Her interest in Marxism led to an investigation by the House Un-American Activities Committee, and Blair was blacklisted for some time, but resumed her career with a critically acclaimed performance in Marty (1955), for which she was nominated for an Academy Award for Best Supporting Actress.

She continued her career with regular theatre, film and television work, mainly in Europe, until the mid-1990s.

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Transcription

Early life and education

Blair was born in Cliffside Park, New Jersey. Her father, William Kidd Boger, was a partner in a small insurance brokerage firm; her mother, Frederica Ammon, was a schoolteacher. Both were Episcopalians.[2] At the age of eight, she was enrolled in the Swift Sisters School of Dance, and recalled performing before Eleanor Roosevelt in 1933, winning an amateur contest shortly thereafter, joining a touring amateur show and performing on local radio, as motivating influences in her desire to pursue a dance career.[2] She joined the John Robert Powers modeling agency and by the age of 12 was in regular demand. She enrolled in the Professional Children's School but, as it was not accredited, her mother returned her to her local school so that she might eventually attend college. She graduated at 15, securing a scholarship to Sarah Lawrence College. However, the board of admission considered her too immature for entry and requested she wait one year.[citation needed]

Career

Stage

Blair with Borgnine in Marty (1955)

In the interim, Blair joined the chorus at the International Casino in Times Square, and when it closed down, worked in the chorus of Billy Rose's Diamond Horseshoe from January 1940 where Gene Kelly was working as choreographer. "Gene fought for me. He said I could dance, and he needed some good dancers," she wrote in her autobiography.[3] Blair and Kelly's relationship blossomed, culminating in their marriage in October 1941. She and Kelly remained married for 16 years and had one daughter, Kerry Kelly Novick (b. 1942),[4][5] together before divorcing in 1957.[citation needed]

Blair left Rose's show to accept an offer from choreographer Robert Alton to join the chorus of Panama Hattie, an illustrious line-up which included June Allyson, Doris and Constance Dowling, and Vera-Ellen. Alton—who previously discovered Gene Kelly—had spotted her when she unsuccessfully auditioned for a part in Louisiana Purchase.[6] During this period, she developed a strong interest in Marxism, having been introduced to Lloyd Gough by Kelly, and attended Gough's weekly Marxist study group, which Kelly did not attend. "And it was very serious. Our textbook was The History of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union... I was completely enthralled by the ideas."[7]

In early 1941, Blair secured her first role in a stage play when Kelly's friend William Saroyan chose her to play the female lead role of St. Agnes of the Mice in his play The Beautiful People at the Lyceum Theatre, playing opposite Eugene Loring, and securing excellent reviews from leading critics George Jean Nathan and Richard Watts, Jr. Watts stated, "The gently sweetly sincere and completely moving gravity and innocence of Miss Blair's utterly right performance is so infinitely touching and beautiful than any studied portrayal could be, that her contribution to the work is gracefully enchanting."[8]

In 1945, she understudied the role of Laura Wingfield, played by Julie Haydon, in the original Broadway production of The Glass Menagerie, starring Laurette Taylor.[4]

Film

Blair with her husband Karel Reisz in 1966

Blair was featured in such films as A Double Life (1947), Another Part of the Forest (1948), and The Snake Pit (1948). She continued to hold left-wing political views and admittedly attempted to join the Communist Party.[2] In her autobiography, she revealed her application was rejected because the party felt she would be more valuable as the wife of the progressive Kelly.[2] Kelly himself was not a Communist and his status as a valuable star provided the couple some protection.[citation needed]

In the 1950s, Blair was under investigation from HUAC and blacklisted for several years. She almost lost one of her signature roles, that of Marty's girlfriend in Marty (1955), but was restored to the role after Kelly threatened to pull out of It's Always Fair Weather.[2] For her performance, she received an Academy Award nomination for Best Supporting Actress and prizes from the Cannes Film Festival. Her film career, nonetheless, was damaged during the "red scare" era and she had to seek work on stage in New York and in Europe.[9]

Following her divorce from Kelly, Blair moved permanently to Europe where she paired with French actor and director Roger Pigaut, and continued to appear in films, including Juan Antonio Bardem's Calle Mayor (1956) and Michelangelo Antonioni's Il Grido (1957). By these years, she self-confessedly became a conspicuous member of the avant la lettre European gauche caviar.[10]

Blair married Czech-born British director/producer Karel Reisz in 1963 and performed sporadically in later years, working with Costa-Gavras in 1988 on the film Betrayed and on the mini-series Scarlett in 1994. Reisz died in 2002.[citation needed]

In 1980, she was a member of the jury at the 30th Berlin International Film Festival.[11]

Blair in 2007

Blair filmed scenes for Stephen Daldry's The Hours (2002), initially playing the older version of Julianne Moore's character. It is unclear if she was dropped or if she withdrew from the project. In 2003, she published her autobiography The Memory of All That.[10][9]

Death

Blair died of cancer in London on March 13, 2009. She was survived by a daughter, Kerry Kelly Novick, three stepchildren and several grandchildren.[12][4]

Partial filmography

Bibliography

  • Blair, Betsy (2003). The Memory of All That. Knopf. ISBN 9780375412998., London: Elliott & Thompson. ISBN 190402730X

References

  1. ^ Jones, Stephen (2010). The Mammoth Book of Best New Horror 21. Little, Brown Book Group. ISBN 978-1-84901-672-8. Retrieved January 9, 2020.
  2. ^ a b c d e Blair, Betsy (2004). The Memory of All That. London: Elliott & Thompson. ISBN 1-904027-30-X.
  3. ^ Blair, p. 12.
  4. ^ a b c Fox, Margalit (19 March 2009). "Betsy Blair, 85, Actress and Wife of Gene Kelly is Dead". The New York Times. Retrieved 2016-10-26.
  5. ^ Lobosco, David (2012-08-24). "A Trip Down Memory Lane: The Children Of Gene Kelly". Greatentertainersarchives.blogspot.com. Retrieved 2016-10-26.
  6. ^ Blair, pp. 20–21.
  7. ^ Blair, p. 20.
  8. ^ Quoted in Blair, p. 33.
  9. ^ a b Haggas, Carol. Booklist. American Library Association. {{cite journal}}: Missing or empty |title= (help)
  10. ^ a b Blair, p. 352.
  11. ^ "Berlinale 1980: Juries". berlinale.de. Retrieved 2010-08-15.
  12. ^ McLellan, Dennis (20 March 2009). "Betsy Blair dies at 85; actress appeared in 'Marty'". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 15 February 2020.

External links

This page was last edited on 23 June 2024, at 18:44
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