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Berwick St John

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Berwick St John
Church of St. John the Baptist, Berwick St. John - - 1123399.jpg

St John the Baptist parish church
Berwick St John is located in Wiltshire
Berwick St John
Berwick St John
Location within Wiltshire
Population332 (2011 Census)
OS grid referenceST947223
Civil parish
  • Berwick St John
Unitary authority
Ceremonial county
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Post townShaftesbury
Postcode districtSP7
Dialling code01747
FireDorset and Wiltshire
AmbulanceSouth Western
UK Parliament
WebsiteBerwick St John
List of places
51°00′00″N 2°04′37″W / 51.000°N 2.077°W / 51.000; -2.077

Berwick St John is a village and civil parish in southwest Wiltshire, England, about 5 miles (8 km) east of Shaftesbury in Dorset.

The parish includes the Ashcombe Park estate, part of the Ferne Park estate, and most of Rushmore Park (since 1939 the home of Sandroyd School).


The parish is at the head of the Ebble valley, in the Cranborne Chase Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty.

Winklebury Hill overlooks the village. In the extreme west of the parish, Win Green hill, at 277 metres (909 ft), is the highest point of Cranborne Chase. The southern part of the parish is forested and includes a golf course.


The 2011 Census misleadingly records the output area as the parish population as '438' in which figure is incorporated the civil parish together with that of Alvediston to the east for reasons of confidentiality of the other detailed figures. The county council have obtained and published key statistics for each parish showing that Berwick St John's population stood at 332 in that census. The combined area is 28.68 km2[1][2] In 1861 residents numbered a maximal 499 but this had fallen to a low of 258 at the 1971 census.[2]


The area has several prehistoric sites, including a Bronze Age settlement known as South Lodge Camp near Rushmore.[3]

Part of Wilton Abbey's Chalke estate from the 10th century, the parish was established by the 13th century. Manors of the parish included Berwick St John, Rushmore, Bridmore, Upton Lucy and Ashcombe.[4]

The Old Rectory is from the early 19th century.[5]

In the 19th century, Augustus Pitt Rivers inherited the Rushmore estate and excavated many nearby archaeological sites.

Religious sites

The Church of England parish church of St John the Baptist was built in the 14th century but heavily restored in 1861 under the direction of the Gothic revival architect Henry Woodyer.[6][7] It has stained glass windows that have been attributed to Hardman & Co.[8] The building is Grade II listed.[9]

The tower has a ring of six bells. Robert I Wells of Aldbourne cast the second, third and tenor bells in 1767. Robert II Wells cast the fifth bell in 1788. John Warner & Sons of Cripplegate, London cast the treble and fourth bells in 1885.[10]

St John's parish is a member of the Benefice of Chalke Valley.[11]

Ebenezer Baptist Chapel was built in 1828 and closed in 1984.[12] A Wesleyan Methodist chapel was built in 1875 and closed sometime before 1964.[13]


The village has a pub, the Talbot Inn, which dates from the mid-17th century.[14]

There is no primary school. A school which was built in 1835 took children of all ages until 1935; it was closed in 1963.[15]

Sandroyd School, at Rushmore House, is an independent preparatory and pre-preparatory school for children aged 2–13.[16]


  1. ^ "Area: Berwick St. John (Parish): Key Figures for 2011 Census: Key Statistics". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 28 May 2015.
  2. ^ a b Berwick St. John Census Information (1801 to 2011) Wiltshire County Council. Retrieved 5 May 2016
  3. ^ Historic England. "South Lodge camp (1020962)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 21 September 2015.
  4. ^ Crowley, D. A., ed. (1987). "Victoria County History – Wiltshire – Vol 13 pp16-27: Berwick St. John". British History Online. University of London. Retrieved 27 July 2020.
  5. ^ Historic England. "Old Rectory, Berwick St. John (1249867)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 21 September 2015.
  6. ^ Pevsner & Cherry 1963, p. 108.
  7. ^ Historic England. "Church of St John (1130720)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 28 May 2015.
  8. ^ Pevsner & Cherry 1963, p. 109.
  9. ^ Historic England. "Church of St John (1130720)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 21 September 2015.
  10. ^ Dawson, George (5 December 2013). "Berwick St John S John". Dove's Guide for Church Bell Ringers. Central Council for Church Bell Ringers. Retrieved 28 May 2015.
  11. ^ Archbishops' Council. "Benefice of Chalke Valley (Team Ministry)". A Church Near You. Church of England. Archived from the original on 22 January 2015. Retrieved 28 May 2015.
  12. ^ "Ebenezer Baptist Chapel, Berwick St. John". Wiltshire Community History. Wiltshire Council. Retrieved 21 September 2015.
  13. ^ "Wesleyan Methodist Chapel, Berwick St. John". Wiltshire Community History. Wiltshire Council. Retrieved 21 September 2015.
  14. ^ Historic England. "Talbot Inn, Berwick St. John (1184015)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 21 September 2015.
  15. ^ "Berwick St. John Church of England School". Wiltshire Community History. Wiltshire Council. Retrieved 21 September 2015.
  16. ^ "Sandroyd School". Retrieved 27 July 2020.


External links

This page was last edited on 2 August 2021, at 10:17
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