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Lichterfelde (Berlin)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Lichterfelde
Quarter of Berlin 
"Emisch Haus" in Lichterfelde West
"Emisch Haus" in Lichterfelde West
Location of Lichterfelde in Steglitz-Zehlendorf and Berlin
Lichterfelde is located in Germany
Lichterfelde
Lichterfelde
Lichterfelde is located in Berlin
Lichterfelde
Lichterfelde
Coordinates: 52°26′00″N 13°19′00″E / 52.43333°N 13.31667°E / 52.43333; 13.31667
CountryGermany
StateBerlin
CityBerlin 
BoroughSteglitz-Zehlendorf 
Founded1300
Area
 • Total18.2 km2 (7.0 sq mi)
Elevation
50 m (160 ft)
Population
 (2008-06-30)
 • Total78,338
 • Density4,300/km2 (11,000/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (CEST)
Postal codes
(nr. 0602) 12203, 12205, 12207, 12209, 14167
Vehicle registrationB

About this soundLichterfelde  is a locality in the borough of Steglitz-Zehlendorf in Berlin, Germany. Until 2001 it was part of the former borough of Steglitz, along with Steglitz and Lankwitz.

History

The Prussian village Lichtervelde was founded in the 13th century by Flemish settlers. It witnessed considerable growth in the 19th century when the two "villa colonies" of Lichterfelde-West and Lichterfelde-Ost were founded: two elegant settlements for wealthy Berliners consisting completely of villas or mansions. The settlements and the historical villages of Lichterfelde and Giesensdorf were united in 1880 under the name Groß-Lichterfelde (Greater-Lichterfelde).

Hauptkadettenanstalt
Hauptkadettenanstalt

Lichterfelde was chosen as the seat of the Prussian Main Military academy (Hauptkadettenanstalt) in 1882, and the district became home to many famous German noble families that were linked to the Prussian Army. The world's first commercially successful electrified streetcar line, the Gross-Lichterfelde tramway, opened between the Lichterfelde-Ost railway station and the Hauptkadettenanstalt in 1881.

In 1920 Lichterfelde became part of Greater Berlin. Between 1920 and 1933, the former military academy in Lichterfelde was used by the Berlin Police. From 1933 to 1945, the grounds of the military academy were the home of the Leibstandarte SS Adolf Hitler. During this same period, the Kreisauer Kreis resistance group around Count Peter Yorck von Wartenburg and Helmuth James Graf von Moltke held its secret meetings in Wartenburg's apartment on Hortensienstraße 50, Lichterfelde-West, during the Third Reich. Generaloberst Ludwig Beck had his house on Goethestraße 24 in Lichterfelde-Ost.

From 1945 to 1994 the Hauptkadettenanstalt was used as "Andrews Barracks" by the United States Army Berlin Brigade. Today it belongs to the German Federal Archives (Bundesarchiv), headquartered in Koblenz. Two other kasernes "Roosevelt Barracks" in Gardeschützen-Kaserne (former seat of the Prussian Guards Rifles Battalion) and "McNair Barracks", a former Telefunken manufacturing plant on Goerzallee were nearby.

While Lichterfelde-Ost was in parts badly damaged during World War II, Lichterfelde-West is still largely intact and today one of the prime residential areas of Berlin. The Lichterfelde locality also houses the Berlin-Dahlem Botanical Garden and Botanical Museum and the Campus Benjamin Franklin, built in 1968 and today part of the Charité university hospital.

Sights

important people

Sons and daughters of the district

Celebrities at the Lichterfelde park cemetery

The following personalities were buried in the Parkfriedhof Lichterfelde among many others: {{Multi-column list |

See also

External links

Media related to Lichterfelde at Wikimedia Commons

References


This page was last edited on 11 November 2020, at 04:42
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