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Bergstrom Air Force Base

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Bergstrom Air Force Base
Del Valle/Bergstrom Army Airfield
Shield Strategic Air Command.png
 
Tactical Air Command Emblem.png
Part of Strategic Air Command/Tactical Air Command
Austin, Texas
Bergstrom Air Force Base aerial photo.jpg
Aerial view of Bergstrom Air Force Base
Bergstrom AFB is located in Texas
Bergstrom AFB
Bergstrom AFB
Coordinates 30°11′40″N 097°40′12″W / 30.19444°N 97.67000°W / 30.19444; -97.67000
Type Air Force Base
Site information
Owner City of Austin, Texas
Condition Civil Airport
Site history
Built 1942
In use 1942–1993
For the civil use of this facility and airport information, see Austin-Bergstrom International Airport

Bergstrom Air Force Base (1942–1993) was located seven miles southeast of Austin, Texas. In its later years it was a major base for the U.S. Air Force's RF-4C reconnaissance fighter fleet.

 Bergstrom Air Force Base blueprint, 1957
Bergstrom Air Force Base blueprint, 1957

History

It was activated on September 19, 1942, as Del Valle Army Air Base on 3,000 acres (12 km²) leased from the city of Austin. The Chisholm Trail ran through the tract. The name of the base was changed to Bergstrom Army Air Field on March 3, 1943, in honor of Austinite Capt. John A. E. Bergstrom, who was killed at Clark Field, Philippines. The base was renamed Bergstrom Field on November 11, 1943, and became Bergstrom Air Force Base in December 1948. Initially, Bergstrom was the home of troop-carrier units. It was declared a permanent base after World War II and was at various times assigned to the Strategic Air Command and the Tactical Air Command. After July 1966 it was under the control of the Tactical Air Command and housed the headquarters for the Twelfth Air Force, which was responsible for all Tactical Air Command reconnaissance, fighter, and airlift operations west of the Mississippi River.

In the 1960s, Bergstrom Air Force Base became the place where Air Force One flew into and out of often. It was the airfield that Lyndon Johnson flew into and out of when president when traveling between Washington and his ranch in Texas.

During the 1970s, Austin's tiny municipal airport became crowded and noise complaints increased. The city approached the Air Force in 1978 to propose a shared civil-military airport at Bergstrom, but the original proposal and further ones in 1981 and 1984 were all rejected. In 1979 the Concorde visited Bergstrom, followed by the Space Shuttles Columbia and Discovery aboard their carrier aircraft in 1981 and 1985, respectively.

In 1990, Bergstrom ended up on a list of 75 military facilities under study for closure by the post-Cold War Base Realignment and Closure Committee. On September 30, 1993, Bergstrom was officially closed and a bond was raised for Austin-Bergstrom International Airport. Much of the former air base, including most buildings, trees, and structures, were completely demolished, with a few exceptions, such as the Twelfth Air Force Headquarters (which was converted into a hotel) and the original 12,250-foot runway. Air cargo operations began in June 1997 and passenger operations started in May 1999.

See also

References

 This article incorporates public domain material from the Air Force Historical Research Agency website http://www.afhra.af.mil/.

External links

This page was last edited on 8 June 2018, at 17:42.
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