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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Beccles
St. Michael's Church, Beccles, Suffolk, South and east faces of the tower - geograph.org.uk - 219880.jpg
Beccles is located in Suffolk
Beccles
Beccles
Location within Suffolk
Population10,123 (2011)
OS grid referenceTM428897
District
Shire county
Region
CountryEngland
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Post townBECCLES
Postcode districtNR34
Dialling code01502
PoliceSuffolk
FireSuffolk
AmbulanceEast of England
UK Parliament
List of places
UK
England
Suffolk
52°27′29″N 1°33′47″E / 52.458°N 1.563°E / 52.458; 1.563
Arms of Beccles Town Council
CrestOn a Wreath of the Colours in front of a Clump of Rushes proper issuant therefrom a demi Lion Azure a Dolphin Argent.
BlazonAzure a Bend wavy between two Ancient Crowns each enfiling two Arrows in saltire points downwards all Or.
SupportersOn the dexter side a Dragon wings inverted and addorsed Gules gorged with a Mural Crown and supporting a Staff Or flying therefrom a Banner Argent charged with a Cross pommée Gules and on the sinister side a like Dragon Or gorged with a Mural Crown Gules and supporting a Staff Or flying therefrom a Banner also Gules charged with two Keys in saltire Or.
MottoProsperity Through Fidelity
Granted 23 February 1956[1]

Beccles (/ˈbɛkəlz/ BEK-əlz) is a market town and civil parish in the English county of Suffolk.[2] The town is shown on the milestone as 109 miles (175 km) from London via the A145 and A12 roads, 98 miles (158 km) north-east of London as the crow flies, 16 miles (26 km) south-east of Norwich and 33 miles (53 km) north-northeast of the county town of Ipswich. Nearby towns include Lowestoft to the east and Great Yarmouth to the north-east. The town lies on the River Waveney on the edge of The Broads National Park.

It had a population at the 2011 census of 10,123.[3] Worlingham is a suburb of Beccles; the combined population is 13,868. Beccles twinned with Petit-Couronne in France in 1978.

History

The name is conjectured to be derived from Becc-Liss* (Brittonic=Small-court). However, also offered is Bece-laes* (Old English=Meadow by Stream), as well as a contraction of Beata Ecclesia, the name of the Christian temple erected c. 960 by the monks of the monastery of Bury.[4] Once a flourishing Anglian riverport, it lies in the Waveney valley and is a popular boating centre. The town was granted its Charter in 1584 by Elizabeth I.

Sir John Leman (died 1632) was a tradesman from Beccles who became Lord Mayor of London.

Long associated with Beccles (including recent mayors) is the Peck family.[5] Among those Pecks who have made a place in history is the Rev. Robert Peck,[6] described by Blomfield in his history of Norfolk as a man with a 'violent schismatic spirit' who led a movement within the church of St Andrew's in nearby Hingham, Norfolk, in opposition to the established Anglicanism of the day.[7] The Puritan Peck was eventually forced to flee to Hingham, Massachusetts, founded by many members of his parish, where he resided for several years, until King Charles I had been executed and Oliver Cromwell had taken the reins of government.[8] Robert Peck then elected to return to Hingham, Norfolk, and resumed as rector of St Andrew's Church. He died in Hingham but left descendants in America, including his brother Joseph Peck, who settled in Rehoboth, Massachusetts. Robert's daughter Ann Peck (16 November 1619 – 30 June 1672) also remained in Massachusetts, and married John Mason, who led colonial forces in the Pequot War.[9][10][11]

In 1794, François-René de Chateaubriand, while in exile, taught here French language and literature. He fell in love with Charlotte Ives, daughter of Bungay's reverend. (See: first part of Mémoires d'outre-tombe, book 10, chapter 9 "Charlotte".)

Under the Municipal Corporations Act 1835 the borough was reformed, Beccles retaining municipal borough status until the reorganisation of local government in 1974, when it was merged with surrounding authorities to become Waveney District. The successor civil parish has adopted town status.

Landmarks

St. Michael's Church and bell tower
St. Michael's Church and bell tower

Many of the streets in the town centre have the suffix 'gate', for example, Hulvergate, Smallgate and Blyburgate. This is derived from the Old Norse for 'street' and is similar to the modern Danish word gade.[12]

The townscape is dominated by the detached 16th century bell tower of St Michael's Church.[13] Like the main body of the church, the tower is Perpendicular Gothic in style and is 97 feet (30 m) tall. The church was built in the 14th century but was rebuilt after being badly damaged by fire in 1586. It has a 13th-century octagonal baptismal font and 14th century south porch.[14] Both the church and the tower are Grade I listed buildings.[15]

Catherine Suckling married the Reverend Edmund Nelson, a former curate of Beccles, at the church in 1749. Their son, Horatio Nelson, was born in 1758 in Norfolk.[14] The Suffolk poet George Crabbe married Sarah Elmy at the church in the 18th century.

Beccles Town Hall
Beccles Town Hall

Opposite the church is the town's 18th century octagonal town hall, built on the site of the town's market cross in 1765.[12][16] This is at the centre of the Newmarket area, which still features a weekly market.

Beccles Museum is housed in Leman House, a Grade I listed building to the south of the town centre on Ballygate. The building dates from the 16th century and was the original site of the town's Grammar School, named after John Leman who endowed it following his death in 1631.[17][18][19][20]

Transport

Bus

A number of bus services link the town with both Norwich and Lowestoft, as well as surrounding villages.

Railway

The town is served by Beccles railway station on the East Suffolk Line between Ipswich and Lowestoft. Services run hourly in each direction on weekdays, following the completion of the Beccles rail loop in 2012. This rebuilt the disused island platform and relaid track to allow trains to pass at Beccles, the only point north of Saxmundham where this is possible. Services are operated by Abellio Greater Anglia.

The town was formerly the southern terminus of the Yarmouth to Beccles Line, which ran across the River Waveney marshes to Great Yarmouth, and the eastern terminus of the Waveney Valley Line, linking to the Great Eastern Main Line at Tivetshall in Norfolk. Both lines closed, in 1954 and 1966 respectively; the latter as a result of the Beeching Cuts.

Air

Beccles Airfield is located at Ellough, around 3 miles (4.8 km) south-east of the town. Originally built in 1942 as a wartime airfield,[21] it was used as a heliport servicing the North Sea petrochemical industry and is now a base for light aircraft and parachuting.[22][23]

Cycling

National Cycle Route 1, which runs from London to the Orkney Islands, passes through Beccles. Regional Route 30, which runs between Wells-next-the-Sea and Brandon, and Regional Route 31, from Reedham Ferry to Southwold, also pass through the town.[24]

Road

Construction Vehicles work on the Southern Relief Road, summer 2018
Construction of the Southern Relief Road, in the summer of 2018

The town is by-passed to the north by the A146 road between Norwich in Norfolk and Lowestoft in Suffolk. The by-pass was built in the 1980s and the main road previously ran through the town, crossing the River Waveney at the narrow Beccles bridge. The link road between the A146 and the town is George Westwood Way, in memory of a Deputy Mayor, George Lionel Westwood, who fought hard for the construction of the by-pass.

The A145 used to run from the A146 through the town centre to link with the A12 at Blythburgh, 11 miles (18 km) to the south of Beccles. The official route of the road now runs via the Beccles Southern Relief Road to indicate to drivers, particularly those of HGVs, that they can avoid the town; this is intended to make the relief road effective in keeping unnecessary traffic out of the town.

Beccles Southern Relief Road

In 2006, a southern relief road for Beccles was approved, running from a roundabout just south of the town towards Ellough where the A145 connects with an industrial area, before joining with the A146 at North Cove.[25] The completion cost was around £7.0 million and the road forms part of Suffolk County Council traffic management plans.[26] It allows north–south industrial traffic to by-pass the narrow streets of the town centre, reducing congestion and increasing safety and officially opened on 25 September 2018.[27] There are bodies of water at both ends of the road. The bodies either side of the Worlingham (east) end are called Isaac Lagoon and Carter Lake.

Education

Beccles is served by Sir John Leman High School (age 11–18) and SET Beccles School (11–16) for secondary education, both of which admit children from the town and the surrounding area, including from primary schools in Norfolk. Until 2012 a middle school system operated in the town, with most children moving to middle school at age 9 and on to high school at age 13.[28][29][30][31] The Sir John Leman High School dates from 1632 when it was established in the town after the death of John Leman.[20] It was a grammar school between 1914 and 1971.

Three primary schools operate in Beccles providing education from age 5 to 11: Beccles Primary Academy (formerly Crowfoot Primary School); St Benet's Catholic Primary School; and The Albert Pye School which is federated with Ravensmere Infants School (5–8). Children from the town also attend primary school in Worlingham as well as surrounding villages.[32]

Leisure

The annual Beccles Carnival and Family Fun weekend is held during the third weekend in August, which includes the popular Duck Race on the River Waveney.

The town's local newspaper is the weekly Beccles & Bungay Journal, formed in 1933.[33]

Two Scout Association groups, 2nd Beccles and 5th Beccles operate in the town,[34] as do Girlguiding groups. Beccles Sea Cadets and Beccles Royal Marines Cadets run Training Ship Brave[35][36] and the town is also home to 759 (Beccles) Air Cadets.[37]

Beccles' main football team is Beccles Town F.C., established in 1919. As of the 2012–13 season, they are members of the Anglian Combination Premier Division. Beccles also has a football team called Beccles Caxton.

Ellough Park Raceway is south-east of Beccles on the site of the old Ellough airfield. It is a local centre for kart racing.[38]

Notable people

See also

References

  1. ^ "BECCLES TOWN COUNCIL (SUFFOLK)". Robert Young. Retrieved 30 October 2019.
  2. ^ OS Explorer Map OL40: The Broads: (1:25 000) : ISBN 0 319 24086 X.
  3. ^ "Check Browser Settings". Neighbourhood.statistics.gov.uk. Archived from the original on 9 June 2015. Retrieved 30 April 2015.
  4. ^ Suckling, Alfred (1846). The History and Antiquities of the County of Suffolk: Volume 1. WS Crowell, Ipswitch.
  5. ^ Fen, Beccles (1826). An account of the corporation of Beccles Fen, with a tr. of their charter ... – Beccles Fen. Retrieved 30 April 2015.
  6. ^ "Peck, Robert (PK598R2)". A Cambridge Alumni Database. University of Cambridge.
  7. ^ The Nonconformist's Memorial: Being An Account of the Ministers, Who Were Ejected or Silenced After the Restoration, Samuel Palmer, London, 1775.
  8. ^ ), Hingham (Mass (1893). History of the Town of Hingham, Massachusetts. Retrieved 30 April 2015.CS1 maint: numeric names: authors list (link)
  9. ^ Peck, Ira Ballou (1868). A Genealogical History of the Descendants of Joseph Peck: Who Emigrated with ... – Ira Ballou Peck. Retrieved 30 April 2015.
  10. ^ Perkins, Mary Elizabeth (1895). Old Houses of the Antient Town of Norwich [Conn.] 1660–1800 – Mary Elizabeth Perkins. Retrieved 30 April 2015.
  11. ^ Mason, John (1736). A Brief History of the Pequot War. Boston: printed and sold by S. Kneeland and T. Green ..
  12. ^ a b Ganther S (2014) Beccles Conservation Area Character Appraisal, Waveney District Council, p.21. Available online at East Suffolk Council. Retrieved 1 November 2020.
  13. ^ Ganther, p.15.
  14. ^ a b Ganther, p.25–26.
  15. ^ Building record BCC 013 - Church of St Michael, Suffolk Heritage Explorer, Suffolk County Council. Retrieved 1 November 2020.
  16. ^ Ganther, p.27.
  17. ^ Leman House, list entry, Historic England. Retrieved 1 November 2020.
  18. ^ Ganther, p.49.
  19. ^ Ganther, p.55.
  20. ^ a b History of the Building, Beccles and District Museum. Retrieved 31 October 2020.
  21. ^ Beccles (Ellough) Airfield, Heritage Gateway. Retrieved 25 June 2011.
  22. ^ No. 28 (Suffolk) Civil Air Patrol Unit . ([https://web.archive.org/web/20110721222518/http://www.rainair.co.uk/skywatch.html Archived, 21 July 2011), RainAir (Beccles). Retrieved 25 June 2011.
  23. ^ History, UK Parachuting. Retrieved 25 May 2011.
  24. ^ [https://www.opencyclemap.org/ OpenStreetMap Cycle Map. Retrieved 24 December 2018.
  25. ^ Another step forward for relief road project, Beccles and Bungay Journal, 27 November 2013. Retrieved 28 February 2014.
  26. ^ Suffolk Local Transport Plan 2006–11 Archived 28 September 2011 at the Wayback Machine, Suffolk County Council. Retrieved 1 July 2009.
  27. ^ Matchett, Conor. "Hundreds explore new Relief Road ahead of official opening". Beccles and Bungay Journal. Retrieved 23 September 2018.
  28. ^ Wood R (2012) New era for education across Beccles, Bungay and Halesworth, Eastern Daily Press, 7 September 2012. Retrieved 31 October 2020.
  29. ^ Wood R (2012) New chapter for Sir John Leman High School in Beccles, Beccles and Bungay Journal, 7 September 2012. Retrieved 31 October 2020.
  30. ^ Background to the School Organisation Review and archive, Suffolk County Council. Retrieved 31 October 2020.
  31. ^ Beccles, Suffolk County Council. Retrieved 31 October 2020.
  32. ^ Suffolk infoLink. Retrieved 31 October 2020.
  33. ^ "Digital and Print Advertising - Beccles and Bungay Journal". www.archanthub.co.uk. Retrieved 4 June 2020.
  34. ^ "Scouts – Map page". Scouts. Retrieved 23 December 2018.
  35. ^ "Home – Beccles". Sea-cadets.org. Retrieved 30 April 2015.
  36. ^ "Who We Are – Beccles". Sea-cadets.org. Archived from the original on 9 June 2015. Retrieved 30 April 2015.
  37. ^ Beccles Air Cadets
  38. ^ [1] Archived 15 October 2013 at the Wayback Machine
  39. ^ Michael Joyce (2004). Football League Players' Records 1888–1939. SoccerData. p. 90. ISBN 1-899468-67-6.
  40. ^ "Hartley, Charles (HRTY884C)". A Cambridge Alumni Database. University of Cambridge.
  41. ^ [2]Archived 12 August 2012 at the Wayback Machine

External links

This page was last edited on 1 November 2020, at 19:16
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