To install click the Add extension button. That's it.

The source code for the WIKI 2 extension is being checked by specialists of the Mozilla Foundation, Google, and Apple. You could also do it yourself at any point in time.

Kelly Slayton
Congratulations on this excellent venture… what a great idea!
Alexander Grigorievskiy
I use WIKI 2 every day and almost forgot how the original Wikipedia looks like.
Live Statistics
English Articles
Improved in 24 Hours
Added in 24 Hours
What we do. Every page goes through several hundred of perfecting techniques; in live mode. Quite the same Wikipedia. Just better.

Beach party film

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Frankie Avalon, star of Beach Party, 1963.

The beach party film is an American film genre of feature films which were produced and released between 1963 and 1968, created by American International Pictures (AIP), beginning with their surprise hit, Beach Party, in July 1963. With this film, AIP is credited with creating the genre.[1][2][3] In addition to the AIP films, several contributions to the genre were produced and released by major and independent studios alike. According to various sources, the genre comprises over 30 films,[4][5][6] with the lower-budget AIP films being the most profitable.[7]

Generally comedies, the core elements of the AIP films consist of a group of teenage and/or college-age characters as protagonists; non-parental adult characters as antagonists and/or comic relief; simple, silly storylines that avoid any sober social consciousness; teen trends and interests (such as dancing, surfing, drag racing, custom cars, music, irresponsible drinking, etc.); simple romantic arcs; original songs (presented in both the musical genre style and as "source music"); teen-oriented musical acts (frequently performing as themselves); and a tongue-in-cheek attitude toward the target audience.

The earliest films by AIP, as well as those by other studios, focus on surfing and beach culture. Although the genre is termed "beach party film",[4][5][6] several subsequent films that appeared later in the genre, while keeping most of the core elements mentioned above, do not actually include surfing – or even scenes on a beach.

YouTube Encyclopedic

  • 1/5
    12 150
    60 108
    17 605
    8 599 320
    371 989
  • Beach Party (1963) Trailer
  • The Beach Party Genre
  • The Horror of Party Beach
  • Blackwater | Full Action Movie | Georgia Chris | Amy Simon | McCayne Blomberg



One of the earliest uses of the term in print is found several times in the June 1965 issue of Mad magazine in an article written by Larry Siegel.[8] Commentators on the genre have used this term as well.[9][10][11][12] The term "beach party film" is distinguished from a "surf film" or "surf movie" in that the former refers to the comedies of the 1960s, whereas the latter terms refer to surf documentaries (such as The Endless Summer or Riding Giants),[12] a still-active genre. Occasionally the term "surf movie" refers to a straightforward dramatic film that uses surfing as a backdrop or plot device, such as Big Wednesday or Blue Crush.[13]

AIP's creation of the genre

Precursors and inspiration

Although both Columbia Pictures's Gidget (1959) and Gidget Goes Hawaiian (1961) have been cited as precursors to the genre, in that Gidget "launched surfing into mainstream America,"[14][15] while its sequel merely repeated the effort, AIP had actually established an archetype for Beach Party with 1958's Hot Rod Gang and especially with its 1959 sequel Ghost of Dragstrip Hollow, both written by Lou Rusoff.[16][17] Both films, which were up-front comedies for teenagers, "employed the tried and true formula of a popular trend coupled with romance and music."[16]

Additionally, 1960's Where the Boys Are, from Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer and perhaps to some degree 1961's now-obscure Gidget imitator, Love in a Goldfish Bowl, from Paramount Pictures, are two films that established a tone of light-hearted adolescent sexuality that would be exploited by AIP in Beach Party.[18] Bryna Productions' 1957 coming of age drama film The Careless Years featured extensive use of beach party scenes filmed around Santa Monica, California.[19][20]

AIP Producer Sam Arkoff, in his biography, Flying Through Hollywood By the Seat of My Pants, explained that he got the idea for the first Beach Party film from an unnamed Italian film that he and fellow producer Jim Nicholson screened in Rome in the summer of 1962. Arkoff said that he didn't care much for the Italian production because "there's not enough there that American teenagers can identify with. But the beach is a wonderful setting for a teenage film. And it doesn't hurt to show girls in skimpy bathing suits." A few days later, Hot Rod Gang / Ghost of Dragstrip Hollow writer Lou Rusoff was assigned to do some research on the beaches of Southern California and by the end of the week, Rusoff was writing the script for Beach Party.[21]

The AIP "formula"

Music geared to a teenage audience

AIP's premiere Beach Party took the Gidget idea, removed the moral lesson and the parents, added more young talent with fewer clothes, and followed the studio's usual format of pandering to teenage filmgoers with popular trends, original songs and music.[22]

Regarding the idea of adding more music – and specifically the kind that attracted a teenage audience – film and music historian Stephen J. McParland writes:

AIP was more concerned with what was happening on the streets rather than what such sanitised copy as Billboard and Cashbox was interested in promoting – and this was obviously reflected in the product the studio was renowned for; AIP was a rebel and in reality, a leader; unlike the monolithic and respected Columbia Pictures Corporation.


Teen freedom, fun, and sexuality

Another key to the success of Beach Party and its many sequels was the theme of teenage freedom, as parental involvement was non-existent. Unlike previous films such as the aforementioned Gidget and Love in a Goldfish Bowl, parental characters do not appear in any of the AIP films, and are rarely mentioned in their plots, if at all.[24][25] This part of the formula was something that appeared to be lost on imitators, as several films of the genre by other studios featured parents as major characters and parental interference as plot points.

The politics and problems of the day, such as the seemingly endless Vietnam War, the political assassinations, the civil rights riots and similar issues were also ignored as these were primarily viewed as problems created by adults, not teenagers. Additionally, these films were produced as escapism, so the characters in them lived in a world where the focus was on having a good time.[26][27]

The advertising for the films was also fairly suggestive for the time period, promising on the poster much in the way of teenage sex, yet delivering little of it onscreen. For example, Beach Party teased, "It's what happens when 10,000 kids meet on 5000 beach blankets!" while Muscle Beach Party promised, "When 10,000 biceps go around 5,000 bikinis, you know what's going to happen!" Likewise, Ski Party intoned, "It's where the HE'S meet the SHE's on SKIS – and there's only one way to get warm!" Though the clothing for both sexes in the cast was revealing by the standard of the day, the films never featured any sex scenes or nudity.

Occasionally modern critics[28][29] – and even Arkoff himself[30] – have suggested that the so-called "clean teens" in these films did not smoke or drink, but this appears to be based on recollection rather than observation: Avalon and others smoke in both Beach Party and Muscle Beach Party (the Surgeon General's report on smoking was not released until January 1964), and beer is referenced in several of the AIP films,[31][32] as well as their imitators like 1963's Palm Springs Weekend and 1965's Girl Happy.

AMC's Tim Dirk calls the AIP series a "four year, seven-film 'beach party' continuing series" (yet lists eight films) and describes it as the "mostly sexless, antiseptic, and well-groomed antics of beachgoers"[33] – in spite of the fact that the AIP films are overflowing with sexual innuendo both in dialogue and action, as well as seduction, sexual teasing, and even include brief scenes of faking a sexual assault (Beach Blanket Bingo), gender dysphoria / egodystonic sexual orientation (Ski Party) and references to homosexual tendencies (How to Stuff a Wild Bikini), albeit in a comedic setting. In reality, more "sex" was suggested in these films – as well as their posters and trailers – than in anything the studio had previously produced.[6]

"Frankie & Annette"

Avalon and Funicello during the filming of Beach Blanket Bingo. Both were in their mid-20s during filming.

Arkoff was able to get 1956 Academy Award winner Dorothy Malone (who had appeared in his first picture for AIP, The Fast and the Furious) and the popular Bob Cummings as adult supporting characters, but he needed a couple of names for the lead teenagers. Arkoff already had a working relationship with Frankie Avalon, who had starred in two films for AIP, Panic in the Year Zero and Operation Bikini, and had become a much brighter star than AIP regular, singer/actor John Ashley. Arkoff next made a deal with former Mouseketeer Annette Funicello, whose contract with Walt Disney had a clause stating that she could work in non-Disney films subject to the approval of Disney's legal team. The deal came with one caveat, that Funicello not appear in a bikini (reportedly, Disney himself had to be settled down by Arkoff when he discovered that his subordinates had allowed Funicello to appear in the AIP film at all).[21]

With Avalon and Funicello on board, a shrewd pairing was evident. CinemaEditor magazine summed it up this way:

In Frankie and Annette, teenagers now had their own version of Rock Hudson and Doris Day as the 'bedroom farce' was moved to the beach and made a little younger, a little dumber, and stuffed full of wild music'


Beach Party was able to use Ashley as Avalon's sidekick; picked up Jody McCrea and Eva Six from AIP's own Operation Bikini; and secured "red-hot" surf music pioneer Dick Dale and the Del-Tones (whose second and third albums would be released by Capitol Records in 1963) to bring in their usual demographic.


When Beach Party hit screens in July 1963, it was a huge hit with the first five-day grosses reportedly well ahead of its competition, which consisted of the popular concurrently running major studio films Hud, Tammy and the Doctor, The Nutty Professor and The Birds.[34]

When the picture opened ... the theater was flooded with kids. In many cases house records were set, and new AIP gross records were also secured. All of a sudden, theaters began clamoring for prints of Beach Party. A new cycle had begun.


AIP followed up with Muscle Beach Party barely seven months later in March 1964, and Bikini Beach, released only four months after that, was the highest-grossing film in their history – as well as the highest-grossing film of the genre.[36]

The complete AIP series

American International Pictures produced a series of twelve films that fall into the genre.[9][37] With the exception of Sergeant Deadhead, Fireball 500 and Thunder Alley, all were related by recurring characters. For example, much of the cast in Bikini Beach appear in the follow-up Pajama Party, albeit with different names – however, biker Eric von Zipper appears in the film, along with his gang of "Rats," playing the same characters as in two previous films. In addition, Ski Party would appear unrelated, except that the characters of Todd and Craig also appear in the later Dr. Goldfoot and the Bikini Machine, which is also linked to How to Stuff a Wild Bikini by the appearance of Eric von Zipper and Annette Funicello.

The only film not to have an appearance of some kind by either Avalon or Funicello is The Ghost in the Invisible Bikini; early promos for the film had announced that the two would appear, but it did not happen. Funicello does not appear in Avalon's Sergeant Deadhead and Avalon does not appear in Funicello's Thunder Alley.

Overview of AIP beach party films
Release date Film Director Writer(s) Score
August 7, 1963 Beach Party William Asher Lou Rusoff, William Asher, Robert Dillon Les Baxter
March 25, 1964 Muscle Beach Party William Asher Robert Dillon Les Baxter
July 22, 1964 Bikini Beach William Asher William Asher, Robert Dillon, Leo Townsend Les Baxter
November 11, 1964 Pajama Party Don Weis Louis M. Heyward Les Baxter
April 14, 1965 Beach Blanket Bingo William Asher Leo Townsend, Sher Townsend, William Asher Les Baxter
June 30, 1965 Ski Party Alan Rafkin Robert Kaufman Guy Hemric & Jerry Styner
July 14, 1965 How to Stuff a Wild Bikini William Asher William Asher, Leo Townsend Les Baxter
August 18, 1965 Sergeant Deadhead Norman Taurog Louis M. Heyward Les Baxter
November 6, 1965 Dr. Goldfoot and the Bikini Machine[n 1] Norman Taurog Elwood Ullman, Robert Kaufman, James Hartford Les Baxter
April 6, 1966 Ghost in the Invisible Bikini Don Weis Louis M. Heyward, Elwood Ullman Les Baxter
June 7, 1966 Fireball 500 William Asher William Asher, Leo Townsend, Burt Topper Les Baxter
March 22, 1967 Thunder Alley Richard Rush Sy Salkowitz Mike Curb

AIP casts

Stock actors

As mentioned above, in addition to Avalon and Funicello appearing in nearly every film, AIP employed several newer actors, who were either relatively unknown or on the rise at the time. The following cast members showed up in at least three or more films: John Ashley, Dwayne Hickman, Jody McCrea, Deborah Walley, Bobbi Shaw, Salli Sachse, Luree Holmes, Michael Nader, Valora Noland, Andy Romano, Susan Hart, Jerry Brutsche and Linda Rogers.

Now-famous surfers Mickey Dora and Johnny Fain each appeared in six films of the series, both as extras and as stunt-surfers.[38]

A few actors – such as Fabian, Tommy Kirk, Deborah Walley and Nancy Sinatra – appeared in beach party films made both by AIP as well as from other studios.

Comedic guest stars

The AIP films also used a couple of established comedians more than once. Morey Amsterdam appeared in both Beach Party and Muscle Beach Party as "Cappy," the owner of Big Daddy's, and the beach bar/hangout known as Cappy's Place, respectively; and famous insult comedian Don Rickles appeared in no less than four films in a row, starting with Muscle Beach Party, each time as more or less the same character but with a different name. Comedic talent Fred Clark appeared in both Dr. Goldfoot and the Bikini Machine and Sergeant Deadhead. Other popular comedians who made at least one appearance included Buddy Hackett and Paul Lynde.

In addition, the AIP films regularly secured the talents of many well-known yet admittedly past-their-prime talents, with Buster Keaton being featured in four of the films (Pajama Party, Beach Blanket Bingo, How to Stuff a Wild Bikini, and Sergeant Deadhead), and Boris Karloff being featured in two films (Bikini Beach and Ghost in the Invisible Bikini). Other golden-age stars included Vincent Price, Peter Lorre, Elsa Lanchester, Mickey Rooney, Dorothy Lamour, Brian Donlevy, Eve Arden, Cesar Romero, Gale Gordon and Basil Rathbone.

Recurring cast and guest stars of beach party films
Film Frankie Avalon Annette Funicello Jody McCrea John Ashley Deborah Walley Dwayne Hickman Guest stars
Beach Party X X X X -- -- Morey Amsterdam
Vincent Price
Muscle Beach Party X X X X -- -- Morey Amsterdam
Peter Lorre
Buddy Hackett
Bikini Beach X X X X -- -- Keenan Wynn
Timothy Carey
Boris Karloff
Pajama Party X X X X -- -- Elsa Lanchester
Buster Keaton
Dorothy Lamour
Beach Blanket Bingo X X X X X -- Paul Lynde
Buster Keaton
Timothy Carey
Earl Wilson
Ski Party X X -- -- X X Robert Q. Lewis
How to Stuff a Wild Bikini X X X X -- X Mickey Rooney
Brian Donlevy
Buster Keaton
Elizabeth Montgomery
Sergeant Deadhead X -- -- X X X Eve Arden
Cesar Romero
Gale Gordon
Fred Clark
Buster Keaton
Dr. Goldfoot and the Bikini Machine X X -- -- X X Fred Clark
The Ghost in the Invisible Bikini -- -- -- -- X -- Basil Rathbone
Boris Karloff
Francis X. Bushman
Fireball 500 X X -- -- -- -- Fabian
Chill Wills
Thunder Alley -- X -- -- -- -- Fabian

Musical guest stars

The musical talent that AIP hired was a mixed bag of established artists and those who were about to break. Shimmy sensation Candy Johnson appeared in the first four films (appearing with her band, The Exciters, in the third film, Bikini Beach). Dr. Pepper spokesmodel Donna Loren appeared and sang in four films beginning with Muscle Beach Party. The aforementioned Dick Dale & the Del-Tones appeared in the first two films, and a 14-year-old Stevie Wonder performed in the second and third films. An up-and-coming Nancy Sinatra acts and sings a song in Ghost in the Invisible Bikini (two months after her hit record "These Boots Were Made For Walking" was released), backed up by the also-yet-to-break Bobby Fuller Four. General manager of American International Records, Al Simms, also commissioned the recording of four songs by his daughter Lu Ann Simms, released on soundtracks and singles for Beach Party and How to Stuff a Wild Bikini.[39][40]

Other acts that appeared include James Brown & The Famous Flames, Lesley Gore, The Hondells, The Kingsmen, The Pyramids and The Supremes.

Contributions to the genre by other studios

All seven of the major studios of the 1960s managed to release at least one film that would later be deemed part of the 'beach party' cycle, either big-budget affairs that they produced themselves, or low-budget knock-offs that they picked up for distribution. With the exception of Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer's Girl Happy (an Elvis Presley vehicle) and United Artists' For Those Who Think Young, none of these were able to duplicate the box-office success of the AIP product.

The beach genre peaked in 1965 with no less than 12 features released that year. (The television sitcom Gidget starring 19-year-old Sally Field as the titular California surfer girl, also premiered in 1965, lasting one season.)

Similar to AIP, other elements sometimes were blended into the mix – horror, science fiction, spy spoof, college melodrama, etc. – however, unlike the AIP films, none of the following films were sequentially related.

Major studios

Columbia Pictures

Columbia released the mostly surf-less Gidget Goes to Rome in August 1963, and rather than copying what Beach Party had started, the studio released a true "surf drama" in the form of 1964's Ride The Wild Surf, which turned an eye on big wave surfers challenging Waimea Bay – the first surf drama to do so[41] – albeit with the usual Hollywood gloss and fluff.[42] The studio's only true "beach party" film was the low-budget ski-oriented entry, Winter A-Go-Go, released in October 1965.

Twentieth Century-Fox

Twentieth Century-Fox released three films in the genre, starting with what has been called the "first Beach Party ripoff,"[43] with their distribution of the low-budget Surf Party, from Associated Producers, directed by Maury Dexter, in January 1964, followed by Del Tenney's The Horror of Party Beach in June of the same year. The Horror of Party Beach has since been cited by critics and audiences as one of the worst films ever made.[44][45][46] In August 1965, the studio released a Maury Dexter-directed Lippert production, Wild on the Beach, (featuring then-unknown Sonny & Cher).[47] All of AIP's beach party pictures were full-color and in widescreen format, whereas Fox – a studio that was known for glossy, big budget productions – put out three contributions that were each low-budget affairs, in the standard 1.33:1 format, and in black-and-white.

Paramount Pictures

The aforementioned and rarely screened Love in a Goldfish Bowl, Paramount Pictures' answer to Gidget, (with Tommy Sands and Toby Michaels as knock-off versions of James Darren and Sandra Dee) was released in July 1961. An illustration of a surfer was used in the poster for the film, and a short beach scene was featured in the trailer, nevertheless, the bulk of the action takes place at a lake house in Balboa. However, following the success of Beach Party, Paramount later put out three full-fledged 'beach party' imitations, starting with The Girls on the Beach and Beach Ball, both in 1965, and C'mon, Let's Live a Little in 1967.

Warner Bros.

Warner Bros. was filming Palm Springs Weekend when AIP's Beach Party hit the screens, and although the posters were already on the streets, reportedly the film itself was "re-tooled" to match the style of the AIP hit.[48] Starring Troy Donahue and Stephanie Powers as collegiate types on a group vacation, it was released in November four months after Beach Party. Palm Springs Weekend was the studio's only venture into the genre.


Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer released three films in the genre – two with college-themed backdrops: the Sam Katzman-produced Get Yourself A College Girl with Mary Ann Mobley and Chad Everett in November 1964, which shared the same clubhouse set with their Fort Lauderdale-based Elvis flick, Girl Happy, released five months later in 1965. Katzman also produced the ambitious When the Boys Meet the Girls in October of the same year.

MGM also bought the film rights to Ira Wallach's Muscle Beach (1959), a satirical novel on Southern-California surf culture. By the time it was finally filmed – and released in 1967 under the new title Don't Make Waves – it was not so much a beach party film as a bedroom farce with Tony Curtis, Claudia Cardinale, and Sharon Tate as a ditzy beach girl.

United Artists

United Artists released only two films in the genre, the Hugh Benson-produced For Those Who Think Young in June 1964, a college-based comedy with unusually little music; and the critically panned Elvis Presley vehicle, Clambake in December 1967. Identifying itself with the genre, the trailer for Clambake promised "the wildest beach party since they invented the bikini and the beat!"

Universal Studios

Universal Studios released the comedy-drama The Lively Set in 1964 (using the same leads as UA's For Those Who Think Young from four months earlier), then released two pure comedies directed by Lennie Weinrib: the college-in-the-snow-based Wild Wild Winter in January 1966, and the Malibu-based spy-spoof Out of Sight four months later.

Independent studios

Seven films were produced in the genre that were released without the benefit of major studio backing, most of them either filmed or released in 1965. As with the major studios listed above, none of the following films were sequentially related either.

Dominant Films, which also released H.G. Lewis' Blast-Off Girls and Six Shes and a He, released the obscure Daytona Beach Weekend, featuring Del Shannon, in April 1965. Originally filmed in 16mm at Daytona Beach during Easter weekend, today the film is rare, with no revival screenings or home video releases.

Embassy released the sci-fi Village of the Giants in 1965, starring Tommy Kirk (who appeared in four films in the genre, including two for AIP) as the older brother of kid-genius Ron Howard, who accidentally invents a substance that enlarges living things, with music acts provided by The Beau Brummels and Freddy Cannon.

United Screen Arts released two films in the genre, both in 1965: A Swingin' Summer, a Lake Arrowhead-based outing starring James Stacy, William Wellman, Jr., Quinn O'Hara, Martin West, Mary Mitchell and Raquel Welch; as well as the rarely seen, even-lower-budget, Hawaii-based One Way Wahine, starring Joy Harmon.

U.S. Films released Beach Girls and the Monster in September 1965, starring Jon Hall, Sue Casey and Walker Edmiston as characters in a Malibu-based monster murder-mystery.

According to several sources,[4][6][49] both Trans American's It's a Bikini World and Crown International's Catalina Caper appear to have been filmed in 1965, but neither hit film screens until 1967, with It's a Bikini World coming out in April and Catalina Caper premiering in December. Catalina Caper is generally cited as 'the last beach party movie,'[4][5][49] although that distinction should probably go to Allied Artists' English-dubbed version of the 1966 Gaumont Czechoslovakian production Ski Fever (originally titled Liebesspiel im Schnee), released in the U.S. in 1968. Starring Martin Milner, the film received a 1968 Golden Globe nomination for Best Original Song for the Jerry Styner/Guy Hemric composition, "Please Don't Gamble with Love" – the only film in the genre to be nominated for a Golden Globe.[50]

Musical stars of the genre

Like AIP, both the major studios and independents loaded their films with a decent sampling of trendy (and not-so-trendy) pop music acts and stars, who either appeared onscreen as themselves or sang theme songs offscreen. These include:

End of the genre

AIP's Ghost in the Invisible Bikini, which hit the screens in April 1966, was essentially a box-office failure, and AIP immediately switched the focus to stock car racing, a fad that was peaking at the time. Only two months later, they had Fireball 500 with Avalon, Funicello and Fabian ready to go, and by March 1967, their last entry was Thunder Alley with Funicello and Fabian. In the meantime, Paramount released C'mon, Let's Live a Little, and two independent films (which were made a couple of years earlier – see "Contributions to the genre by other studios" above) were released, Trans-American's It's a Bikini World, and Crown International's Catalina Caper.[5][49] Before the summer of 1967, the outlaw biker film had become the major genre, of which AIP's own surprise 1966 hit The Wild Angels (with Peter Fonda, Bruce Dern, and Nancy Sinatra) proved to be the leader. AIP dominated this genre as well, and quickly released the semi-sequel Devil's Angels, followed with The Glory Stompers in 1967, and eight more films in the genre between 1968 and 1971.[51]


Video Watchdog's Tim Lucas writes, "the 'Beach Party' movies...spoke the secret cultural language of their day, providing a unique interface between such timely interests as rock 'n' roll, skimpy swimwear, surfing, other surfing movies, the 'Gidget' series, drag racing, motorcycles, MAD magazine, Ed 'Big Daddy' Roth and CAR TOONS magazine, Don Post horror masks, and of course, American International Pictures itself."[11]

In the Encyclopedia of Surfing, Matt Warshaw writes, "The cartoonish beach movies were reviled by surfers in the '60s, embraced in the '80s as ironic camp, then – for some – cherished in the '90s and '00s as silly but likable tokens of a more innocent past."[12]

John M. Miller of Turner Classic Movies writes, "Beach Party and its successors in the series managed to simultaneously chronicle and be a part of a particularly vibrant moment in American popular culture."[52]

Influence on popular culture

The genre has been referenced, parodied and lampooned several times since its beginning. A few notable examples are as follows:

Mad magazine

  • The June 1965 issue of Mad magazine features a five-page satire of the genre entitled, "Mad Visits a Typical Teenage Beach Movie." Several films are referenced both through dialogue and art, as well as beach party cliches, such as thin plotlines, silly pop music, unawareness of controversial subjects and the general similarity between all the films in the genre. This issue hit newsstands in April 1965, the same month as Beach Blanket Bingo and Girl Happy premiered.[53]
  • The January 1966 issue of Mad features a five-page satire of the Grande Dame Guignol genre entitled "Hack, Hack, Sweet Has-Been – or – Whatever Happened to Good Taste?" wherein a mysterious killer is revealed to be "Annette Funnyjello" who is out to put a stop to the encroaching on the beach party films' monopolization of the industry.[54]



  • Without mentioning a specific film, The B-52's 1978 song, "Rock Lobster" relied on 1960s beach party film imagery and featured a surf guitar sound, with lyrics referencing '60s dances like the Frug and the Twist, as well as bikinis, surfboards, flippers, flexing muscles, and tanning butter. The song ends with a list of sea creatures, culminating in the fanciful "Bikini Whale," whose name is greeted with a shriek of hysteria from the band's female members.[55]
  • The Revillos 1980 song, "Scuba Boy" (aka "Scuba Scuba"), also featured 1960s beach film-influenced lyrics and sounds, with its chorus of "Scuba! Scuba!" and lyrics expressing the lead singer's desire to join her scuba boy "in the deep."[56]


  • Zuma Beach (1978), a made-for-television film about a fading rock star who goes to the beach to get away from it all and winds up getting involved in the lives of the teenage beachgoers.
  • Malibu Beach (1978), from Crown International, is an episodic, surf-and-sex teen comedy-drama that updates the style of the '60s beach films.
  • Surf II: The End of the Trilogy (1984), a modern send-up of 1960s beach films and 1970s horror films, revolves around a mad scientist turning surfers into garbage-eating zombies through chemically altered soft drinks.
  • Back to the Beach (1987) is a nostalgic throwback from Paramount Pictures with Avalon and Funicello referencing their original roles and subsequent careers.
  • That Thing You Do! (1996) touches briefly on the phenomenon with the fictional music group The Wonders making an appearance in a beach party film called Weekend at Party Pier.
  • Psycho Beach Party (2000) is based on the off-Broadway play of the same name, directed by Robert Lee King. Set in 1962 Malibu Beach, this is a parody of beach films in general and Gidget in particular.
  • Teen Beach Movie (2013) satirizes the genre, as the film's protagonists (ostensibly from the "real world") find themselves thrust into the fantasy world of a beach party film, where, for example, they can swim without their hair getting wet and they are compelled to spontaneously burst into song.

See also


  1. ^ In November 1966, AIP released Dr. Goldfoot and the Girl Bombs, an Italian spy-spoof film directed by Mario Bava and starring Vincent Price, Fabian, and the Italian comedy team of Franco and Ciccio. Although the film was styled as a sequel, its content does not place it in the beach party genre (Bentley and McParkland).
  2. ^ The Astronauts have the distinction of appearing in a total of four films in the genre – more than any other surf band.


  1. ^ McParland, p. 13
  2. ^ Chidester, p. 158
  3. ^ Burns, pp. 46–48
  4. ^ a b c d McParland
  5. ^ a b c d Chidester
  6. ^ a b c d Betrock
  7. ^ Arkoff, pp. 134-135
  8. ^ Siegel, p. 5
  9. ^ a b McParland, p. 143
  10. ^ Arkoff
  11. ^ a b Lucas
  12. ^ a b c Warshaw, Hollywood and Surfing
  13. ^ Warshaw, Matt (2005). Surf Movie Tonite! – Surf Movie Poster Art, 1957–2004. San Francisco: Chronicle Books. ISBN 0811848736.
  14. ^ Peralta :30:37
  15. ^ Chidester, p. 113
  16. ^ a b McParland, pp. 13-14
  17. ^ Mars: "While Hot Rod Gang vaguely hints at some elements of the beach party format, Ghost of Dragstrip Hollow clearly bridges the stylistic gap between 'juvenile delinquent/hot rod movies' of the 1950s and the 'Frankie/Dee-Dee surfing hi-jinks' of the 1960s drive-in attractions"
  18. ^ Burns, pp. 47-49
  19. ^ Motion Picture Daily (Jan-Mar 1957). MBRS Library of Congress. Quigley Publishing Company, inc. January 1957.{{cite book}}: CS1 maint: others (link)
  20. ^ Variety (1957). Variety (May 1957). Media History Digital Library. New York, NY: Variety Publishing Company.
  21. ^ a b Arkoff, pp. 128–129
  22. ^ Chidester, p. 158: "Itself an exploitation of the dollars made from Gidget, A Summer Place and Where the Boys Are, Beach Party banked on their popularity but added two crucial ingredients that made these cherry bombs explode: rock 'n' roll combined with teenage junk culture."
  23. ^ McParland, p. 26
  24. ^ McParland, p. 28
  25. ^ a b Burns, p. 47
  26. ^ Burns, pp. 49
  27. ^ Siegel, p. 7
  28. ^ Mavis, Paul (August 21, 2007). "Frankie & Annette MGM Movie Legends Collection". DVD Talk.
  29. ^ [1] Bad Cinema Diary: The Beach Party Movie Pages by Bruce V. Edwards, 2001.
  30. ^ Arkoff, p. 131
  31. ^ Muscle Beach Party
  32. ^ Bikini Beach
  33. ^ Dirks, Tim. "The History of Film: The 1960s - The End of the Hollywood Studio System - The Era of Independent, Underground Cinema". AMC's
  34. ^ Arkoff, p. 130
  35. ^ Betrock, p. 102
  36. ^ McGee, p. 146-153
  37. ^ Arkoff, p. 132 "During the 1960s, AIP produced thirteen surf-and-suntan pictures..."
  38. ^ Warshaw, pp. 161, 191
  39. ^ Cash Box. William and Mary Libraries Special Collections Research Center. Cash Box Pub. Co. 1963-07-06.{{cite book}}: CS1 maint: others (link)
  40. ^ "How to Stuff a Wild Bikini" (PDF). Record World. September 4, 1965.
  41. ^ Peralta :30:00
  42. ^ Warshaw,Ride the Wild Surf
  43. ^ McParland, pp. 39
  44. ^ Thomas, Jason (February 1974). "The Horror of Party Beach". The Monster Times. No. 30. pp. 3-5.
  45. ^ The worst movies of all time, or, What were they thinking? Michael Sauter; Carol Pub. Group, 1999 358 pages, page 306
  46. ^ Blu-ray Review: THE HORROR OF PARTY BEACH (1964) - Daily Dead
  47. ^ "Wild on the Beach". Retrieved 15 April 2022.
  48. ^ DVD Talk "Warner Bros. Romance Classics Collection: Palm Springs Weekend" "Palm Springs Weekend is a relatively cheap outing from a major studio, rushed out for late-fall release to cash in on the success of late-summer smash, Beach Party"
  49. ^ a b c Burns
  50. ^ Winners & Nominees 1968|Golden Globes
  51. ^ Betrock, pp. 128-147
  52. ^ Miller
  53. ^ Siegel, Larry (June 1965). "Mad Visits a Typical Teenage Beach Movie". Mad. Vol. 95. pp. 5–9.
  54. ^ Siegel, Larry (January 1966). "Hack, Hack, Sweet Has-Been –or– Whatever Happened to Good Taste?". MAD Magazine. 100: 43–47.
  55. ^ Rock Lobster by The B-52s on their official YouTube channel
  56. ^ The Revillos - Lyrics: Scuba Scuba


  • Arkoff, Sam (1992). Flying Through Hollywood by the Seat of My Pants: From the Man Who Brought You I Was a Teenage Werewolf and Muscle Beach Party. Birch Lane Press. ISBN 1559721073.
  • McParland, Stephen J. (1994). It's Party Time - A Musical Appreciation of the Beach Party Film Genre. Riverside, California, USA: PTB Productions. ISBN 0-9601880-2-9.
  • Betrock, Alan (1986). The I Was a Teenage Juvenile Delinquent Rock 'n' Roll Horror Beach Party Movie Book – A Complete Guide to the Teen Exploitation Film: 1954–1969. New York: St. Martin's Press. ISBN 0-312-402937.
  • Chidester, Brian; Domenic, Priore (2008). Pop Surf Culture: Music, Design, Film, and Fashion from the Bohemian Surf Boom. Santa Monica: Santa Monica Press. ISBN 978-1-59580-035-0.
  • McGee, Mark Thomas (1984). Fast and Furious: The Story of American International Pictures. Santa Monica: McFarland & Company, Inc. ISBN 0899500919.
  • Warshaw, Matt (2005). Surf Movie Tonite! – Surf Movie Poster Art, 1957–2004. San Francisco: Chronicle Books. ISBN 0811848736.
  • Burns, Walter (Fall 2003). "Song of the Beach: AIP is the Studio Responsible for the Only Successful Musical Series Ever Made in Hollywood". CinemaEditor Magazine. 53.
  • "The Finest Form of Flattery: The Beach Party Formula Spawns a Tidal Wave of Musical Mock-ups". CinemaEditor Magazine. 53. Fall 2003.
  • Lucas, Tim (March 2001). "Beach Party Tonight". Video Watchdog. 69.
  • Siegel, Larry (June 1965). "Mad Visits a Typical Teenage Beach Movie". MAD Magazine. 95: 5–9.
  • Siegel, Larry (January 1966). "Hack, Hack, Sweet Has-Been –or– Whatever Happened to Good Taste?". MAD Magazine. 100: 43–47.
  • Warshaw, Matt, ed. (2003). "Hollywood and Surfing". The Encyclopedia of Surfing. Harcourt, Inc. pp. 270–271. ISBN 0-15-100579-6.
  • Warshaw, Matt, ed. (2003). "Surf movies". The Encyclopedia of Surfing. Harcourt, Inc. pp. 582–584. ISBN 0-15-100579-6.
  • Warshaw, Matt, ed. (2003). "Ride the Wild Surf". The Encyclopedia of Surfing. Harcourt, Inc. p. 506. ISBN 0-15-100579-6.
  • Stacy Peralta (2005). Riding Giants (DVD). Sony Pictures.
  • Beach Party (DVD). MGM Home Video. 2003.
  • Muscle Beach Party (DVD). MGM Home Video. 2003.
  • Bikini Beach (DVD). MGM Home Video. 2003.
  • "Beach Blanket Bingo". Dell Movie Classic. Dell Publishing Inc. July 1965.

External links

This page was last edited on 3 January 2024, at 11:04
Basis of this page is in Wikipedia. Text is available under the CC BY-SA 3.0 Unported License. Non-text media are available under their specified licenses. Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc. WIKI 2 is an independent company and has no affiliation with Wikimedia Foundation.